: Occupational Safety and Environmental Parameters
1Introduction SummaryImplementing occupational safety and health programs in many construction sitesare easier said than done. Please discuss what are the problems faced and whatsteps/ measures to be taken to overcome these problems.
In an industry where it is the largest contributor to labor consumption, theconstruction industry is renowned for its occupational hazards. It is an industry that ismore commonly related to risky, hazardous and unsafe. The occupational hazard of theindustry relates to the number of high incidences of accidents and fatalities that occur globally on construction sites. Also, situations, tools, or other elements may be either imminently dangerous referring to an impending or immediate risk such as a bareelectrical cord, or inherently dangerous such as poisons, explosives or chemicals.
(The Business Roundtable, 1983; Churcher and Alwani-Starr, 1996; Brown, 1996; Rowlinson, 2000; Smallwood and Haupt, 2000)
.Even with strict governing legislations and policies regarding safety and health,high rates of injury and fatality still persists. Policies and legislation such as OSHA or Occupational Safety and Health Act are designed to ensure that the working environmentis safe and healthy. In addition to having regulations, you have governing bodies thatensure occupational safety is adhered to in the workplace. These organizations are:
CIDB or Construction Industry Development Board
NIOSH or National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
NCOSH or National Council of Occupational Safety and Health
Department of Safety and Health or known as DOSH.3