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Cycle time calculation-unit_16_product_design_and_cadcam.pdf

Cycle time calculation-unit_16_product_design_and_cadcam.pdf

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Published by: zainikamal1975 on Jul 25, 2013
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16. Product Design and CAD/CAM
16.1 Unit Introduction16.2 Unit Objectives16.3 Product Design and CAD16.4 CAD System Hardware16.5 CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIM16.6 Unit Review16.7 Self Assessment Questions16.8 Self Assessment Answers
16.1 Introduction
 Product design serves an important function in the production system. It helpsdetermine the eventual commercial success of a product; it determines how theproduction system should be created, and exactly what equipment should bebought; and it determines how easily, and how cheaply, the product can bemanufactured. The manufacturing support system contains procedures andsystems used to manage production and solve the technical and logisticalproblems associated with designing the products, planning the processes,ordering the materials, controlling work-in-process as it moves through the plant,and delivering products to customers. Product design and its associated use of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems,represents one of the most important aspects of the manufacturing supportsystem. In CAD/CAM , both design and manufacturing are tightly integrated intoa continuum of activities. Continuing the integration, we have ComputerIntegrated Manufacturing (CIM), which includes CAD/CAM, but also extends toembrace the business functions of a manufacturing firm.In this unit a discussion and definition of product design and CAD are given,where an analysis of the design process and the actual application of computer-aided design principles are highlighted. CAD system hardware is reviewed (seeFigure 16.1), before a general introduction to CAM, together with its relationshipwith CAD, and how it fits into the infrastructure of CIM.
Figure 16.1: Components of CAD
16.2 Learning Objectives
After completing this unit you will be able to:BULLET LISTList the six processes of the conventional design processDefine Computer-aided design (CAD)Specify the benefits of CADState the relationship between the Product Data Management system, and theCAD systemExplain the concept of geometric modellingClassify types of geometric modellingExplain Computer-aided engineering (CAE) software, and list typical applicationsState how CAD is used to create product prototypesList the hardware used in a CAD systemState the types of CAD system configurations that may be usedDefine Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)State and explain the two application areas of CAMExplain the concept of CAD/CAM
 State why CAD/CAM is used in concurrent engineering environmentsDefine Computer-integrated manufacturing, and its scopeENDLIST
16.3 Product Design and CAD
Product design is of critical importance to the production system. It contributesmore than any other attribute to the overall design and operation of theproduction system, and its success determines whether the production systemwill be fit for use in making products over the long term.
Learn more about these concepts at the following web-sites:Computer-Aided Design (CAD)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer-aided_design Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_aided_manufacturing Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_Integrated_Manufacturing 
 The general process of design may be seen as an iterative process with six keyphases (see Figure 16.2):NUMLISTRecognition of need—this involves the realisation that a problem or need existsthat may be solved by design. This may mean identifying some deficiency in acurrent machine design by an engineer, or perceiving some new productopportunity by a salesperson.Problem definition—this involves a thorough specification of the item to bedesigned. Specifications include physical characteristics, function, cost, quality,and operating performance.Synthesis—closely related with the following step, analysis, synthesis refers tothe bundling of information that occurs after problem definition, and concurrentlyduring analysis, and after re-analysis.

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