16. Product Design and CAD/CAM
16.1 Unit Introduction16.2 Unit Objectives16.3 Product Design and CAD16.4 CAD System Hardware16.5 CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIM16.6 Unit Review16.7 Self Assessment Questions16.8 Self Assessment Answers
Product design serves an important function in the production system. It helpsdetermine the eventual commercial success of a product; it determines how theproduction system should be created, and exactly what equipment should bebought; and it determines how easily, and how cheaply, the product can bemanufactured. The manufacturing support system contains procedures andsystems used to manage production and solve the technical and logisticalproblems associated with designing the products, planning the processes,ordering the materials, controlling work-in-process as it moves through the plant,and delivering products to customers. Product design and its associated use of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems,represents one of the most important aspects of the manufacturing supportsystem. In CAD/CAM , both design and manufacturing are tightly integrated intoa continuum of activities. Continuing the integration, we have ComputerIntegrated Manufacturing (CIM), which includes CAD/CAM, but also extends toembrace the business functions of a manufacturing firm.In this unit a discussion and definition of product design and CAD are given,where an analysis of the design process and the actual application of computer-aided design principles are highlighted. CAD system hardware is reviewed (seeFigure 16.1), before a general introduction to CAM, together with its relationshipwith CAD, and how it fits into the infrastructure of CIM.