Mechanical properties of bamboo Seite 3 von 11file://D:\www.bambus\new\eng\reports\mechanical_properties\referat2.html 27.10.2002
comparison out off DB9/97
kN/cm²sprucebamboosteelSt37elasticmodulus1100 2000 21000compressivecompressive4,3 6,2-9,3 14tensionstrength8,9 14,8-38,416bendingstrength6,8 7,6-27,614shearingstrength0,7 2,0 9,2For the bending-, thrust- and tension-tests theyinvestigated the ultimate stress limit/breakinglimit, which is not to mistake for the permittedlimiting stress.Dennoch ein Versuch.That chart comes from the DB, DeutscheBauzeitung 9/97.
compressivestrengthtubetubekN/cm²d=60mmd=32mmparalleltowardsfibre6,368,63verticaltowardsfibre5,25-9,3Compared to bigger tubes slim tubes have got inrelation to their cross section a higher compressive strength parallel and vertical to their fibre. That relatively slimmer tubes possessbetter material conditions is caused by the factthat bigger tubes have got a minor part of theouter skin, which is very resistent in tension. Theunlimited longitudinal cleavability of the bambootube wall inside of the internodium is caused bythe strictly parallel directed fibres. Insidethenodium they cross each other in eachdirection. This amplification knots with itsstrongly silificated diaphragms increase thecleavability strength and the buckling strength of the tubes. Even more we know that a cylindricaltube compared to a solid round bar possesses amuch higher flexural strength.The portion of lignin affects the compressivestrength. Whereas the high portion of celluloseinfluences the buckling and the tension strength,because it represents the building substance of the bamboo fibre.