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Mechanical Properties of Bamboo

Mechanical Properties of Bamboo

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Published by Marie Fe Bermido

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Published by: Marie Fe Bermido on Jul 25, 2013
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06/11/2014

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Mechanical properties of bamboo Seite 1 von 11file://D:\www.bambus\new\eng\reports\mechanical_properties\referat2.html 27.10.2002
Mechanical properties of bamboo
introduction
 
kinds of bamboo
The bamboo is in its size, lightness and strength anextreme product of nature. It is stable and because of itscavities an extreme light and elastic building material. Thereinforcement by diaphragms and its physical conditionscause its enormous superiority compared to other buildingmaterials.
guadua angustifolia
Throughout the world there are about 500 different speciesof bamboo sometimes within hundreds of subspecies. Evenonly in Colombia about 25 different giant bamboos are usedfor construction. To those belongs also the "guadiaangustifolia" which we look at in this article. It grows inhights up to 1800 metres [NN], mostly in small forestsalong creeks but also on fields and inclinations. There existtwo subspecies called guadua castilla andguadua mecana.It reaches a tallness of about 20-25 metres and a diameter up to 18 cm.
bamboo root
Each stem grows out off a netkind rootsystem and reachesalready after one year its total tallness. After that the[leitsysteme] start to lignify and in the next 6-8 years itgains harness and strength because of the silification of theouter tube wall. So bamboo can also be titled as a lignifyinggiant grass.
 
Mechanical properties of bamboo Seite 2 von 11file://D:\www.bambus\new\eng\reports\mechanical_properties\referat2.html 27.10.2002
testing bamboo
coniferous wood fibresbamboo fibres
The lignifying cell construction of the bamboo texture andits technical conditions are very similar to the originaltexture of wood. Whereas wood has got a hard centre[Hirnholz] and becomes weaker towardsthe outer parts[Splintholz], the bamboo is in its outer parts hard and in itsinner parts weak, what causes a much more stableconstruction. From the inner parts of the tube towards theouter parts you can realize a continious accumulation of the[Leitbündel]. The more stable fibre structures are mostdense where you find the strongest statical stress.
material testing
To evaluate and compare the material conditionsof bamboo the descent, the age, the humiditycontent and of course the diameter of the tubeare of emence importance. Comparing thedifferent results of investigation of the strengthproperties of bamboo, so you can see that thereis a big fluctuation of the results, although theyall tested the same species of bamboo, theguadua angustifolia.
Material parameters
material parametersbambookN/cm² elastic modulus 1900buckling (pressure II fibre)ßD with Lambda=105,6ßD with Lambda=563,9ßD with Lambda=862,7ßBbending7,4ßTthrust0,43ßZtension II fibre>=9,5Those information were given by the Stuttgarter Institut FMPA for the analysis of the Zeri-Pavillion. Unfortunately there are no informationgiven about the specific material datas or conditions while testing the bamboo. You canfind the article in the magazine "Bautechnik77,2000 No 6/7". Merely they tell us that thetubes of guadua angustifolia should have had adiameter from 10 to 14 cm and a wall thicknessfrom 15 to 20 mm. But the delivered tubes fromColombia differed much in size and quality andso it was necessary to test them, at least 3 per delivery. Accuratwe information about lenth andsize are missing.
 
Mechanical properties of bamboo Seite 3 von 11file://D:\www.bambus\new\eng\reports\mechanical_properties\referat2.html 27.10.2002
comparison out off DB9/97
kN/cm²sprucebamboosteelSt37elasticmodulus1100 2000 21000compressivecompressive4,3 6,2-9,3 14tensionstrength8,9 14,8-38,416bendingstrength6,8 7,6-27,614shearingstrength0,7 2,0 9,2For the bending-, thrust- and tension-tests theyinvestigated the ultimate stress limit/breakinglimit, which is not to mistake for the permittedlimiting stress.Dennoch ein Versuch.That chart comes from the DB, DeutscheBauzeitung 9/97.
Compressive Strength
compressivestrengthtubetubekN/cm²d=60mmd=32mmparalleltowardsfibre6,368,63verticaltowardsfibre5,25-9,3Compared to bigger tubes slim tubes have got inrelation to their cross section a higher compressive strength parallel and vertical to their fibre. That relatively slimmer tubes possessbetter material conditions is caused by the factthat bigger tubes have got a minor part of theouter skin, which is very resistent in tension. Theunlimited longitudinal cleavability of the bambootube wall inside of the internodium is caused bythe strictly parallel directed fibres. Insidethenodium they cross each other in eachdirection. This amplification knots with itsstrongly silificated diaphragms increase thecleavability strength and the buckling strength of the tubes. Even more we know that a cylindricaltube compared to a solid round bar possesses amuch higher flexural strength.The portion of lignin affects the compressivestrength. Whereas the high portion of celluloseinfluences the buckling and the tension strength,because it represents the building substance of the bamboo fibre.
Tensile strength

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