Last Updated: September 5
Place the Tupperware in the water
one at a time to verify the students’hypothesis. Talk about why some floated and why some sank.b.
Introduce the concept of
Density is mass divided by volume,and it is what we use to determine if something will sink or float in water.(You may want to
make sure the students are comfortable with theconcept of mass and volume
). If the object is
than water, it willsink, and if it is
it will float.2.
(10 min.) Now s
how them the two equal-sized cans of soda, and ask them toform another hypothesis
: will both sink, both float, or one sink and which one?a.
Drop the cans into the water at the same time. Let them settle.
again or let one of the students try so they can see there is no trick.
Recordthe result on the board.b.
Ask the students based on the experiment, which can of soda is moremassive and why?
If they are having trouble, remind them of thedefinition of density and ask them which is denser (the regular coke isdenser because it sank while the diet coke floated). If they are still havingtrouble, explain that the denser can must be more massive because theyboth have the same volume. The regular Coke has more “stuff” in thesame sized can. See if they can guess what the difference might be. (It islikely the sugar in the regular Coke that makes it more dense than the dietCoke).
Experiment 2: Aluminum Foil Boats (Remaining lesson time)
Supplies for each group: about 2 ft of foil (and an extra in reserve in case of tearing), onebucket filled with water, bag of pennies.
Divide the class into groups of 3-4 students.
Distribute the foil to eachgroup. Explain that
they are to build a boat out of the foil
to hold as manypennies as possible without sinking.
Draw an example boat on the board without being too specific. Let them figure out how to best build their boat.
Students make their boats.
Wander around the classroom to makesure no one has any questions.