Last updated on March 6, 2008 at 5:00AM
Burning involves changing the material’s structure. May want tomention here that burning it is a reaction with oxygen since we willtalk about that later on in one of the demonstrations. You can alsomention that burning results in the creation of carbon dioxide andwater. The students should be familiar with both of these products. b.
Melting simply changes the shape the material is in. May want toremind the students of the physical states (solid, liquid, gas, and plasma which is more difficult to explain) which they will have likelyleaned in class, since it is part of the California science standards for elementary school students (plasma is not part of the standards, butyou can explain it by telling the students that plasma is a gas thatdoesn’t behave like normal gases, and that the sun and stars for example, are made up of plasma).4.
Now tell the students that you will conduct 2 experiments in the front of classto demonstrate chemical and physical reactions. Tell them one of thereactions you will show them is physical and one is chemical, and ask thestudents after you do each one what reaction, chemical or physical, they guesseach to be. Don’t reveal the correct answers until you have performed bothexperiments.
Supplies: 1-filter flask (or Erlenmeyer or beaker, or any completelytransparent container), dry ice, paper towel to cover the lidPlace the dry ice into the transparent container and cover the top. Ask the students to describe what is happening. Take off the paper towel towatch the subliming gas rush out of the opening. Ask the students:Was this a physical or chemical reaction? What is happening here?What state if the dry ice in? What state is the fog in? Let the studentstake a guess and record the results on the board. Ask a few students toexplain their hypothesis as to whether the reaction with the dry ice is physical or chemical.
Supplies: 1-large Erlenmeyer flask (500 mL) with tight fitting rubber stopper, 250 mL tap water, 2.5 g glucose, 2.5 g NaOH, 1 mL of 0.1%methylene blue (percentage by weight or volume; it doesn’t matter since the concentration is so low)1.
Add 250 mL of tap water to Erlenmeyer flask.2.
Dissolve 2.5 g of glucose in the flask 3.
Dissolve 2.5 g of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in flask 4.
Add ~1 ml of 0.1% methylene blue to the flask.