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How to Make a Supercharge Motor

How to Make a Supercharge Motor

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Published by Orochimaroo Tataki

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Published by: Orochimaroo Tataki on Jul 25, 2013
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02/12/2014

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13
Automotive Superchargers andTurbochargers
William D. Siuru, Jr.*
U.S. Air Force, Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S.A.
INTRODUCTION
Supercharging uses a mechanically driven ‘‘air pump’’ to artificially supplythe engine cylinders with a greater amount of air/fuel mixture than would betaken in under normal atmospheric conditions. The basic concept in mostsupercharging devices is to increase the outlet pressure over the inletpressure and therefore the density of the air delivered to an engine aboveambient atmospheric conditions. This in turn increases the mass of airdrawn into the cylinders during each intake stroke. Then, if the optimumair-to-fuel ratio is still maintained, more fuel can be combusted to producemore power output.A supercharged engine of a given displacement size can producesignificantly more power and torque compared to the same engine whennormally aspirated, that is, not supercharged. Conversely, a smaller and
*Retired
Copyright © 2003 Marcel Dekker, Inc.
 
lighter supercharged engine can produce the same power as a larger andheavier normally aspirated engine (Fig. 1). The smaller engine (1) consumesless fuel under idle conditions, (2) has less mass and inertial loading, (3) haslower frictional and partial-load pumping losses, and (4) produces lessemissions under partial-load conditions. Smaller supercharged engines inturn allow smaller, more compact vehicles without sacrificing performance.Supercharging can compensate for the power loss that occurs with the lessdense air available as a vehicle climbs in altitude.A supercharger typically consists of a compressor to increase thepressure of the air inflow, which is usually driven off the engine crankshafteither by belts or gears(Fig. 2). A turbo supercharger, or simply a turbocharger, consists of a centrifugal compressor that is driven directly bya gas turbine, which in turn is driven by engine exhaust gases. It should benoted that a turbocharger is a form of supercharger. However, commonterminology will be used here. A mechanically driven compressor will becalled a supercharger, while an exhaust-driven turbine/centrifugal compres-sor combination is a turbocharger(Fig. 3).
Figure 1
Comparison of the performance between a turbo supercharged(turbocharged) diesel V-8 engine and a naturally aspirated engine (nonsupercharged). (Courtesy Hypermax Engineering, Inc.)
Copyright © 2003 Marcel Dekker, Inc.
 
Figure 2
A Roots-type supercharger driven off the crankshaft by a belt drive.(Courtesy B&M Automotive Products.)
Copyright © 2003 Marcel Dekker, Inc.

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