Automotive Superchargers andTurbochargers
William D. Siuru, Jr.*
U.S. Air Force, Colorado Springs, Colorado, U.S.A.
Supercharging uses a mechanically driven ‘‘air pump’’ to artiﬁcially supplythe engine cylinders with a greater amount of air/fuel mixture than would betaken in under normal atmospheric conditions. The basic concept in mostsupercharging devices is to increase the outlet pressure over the inletpressure and therefore the density of the air delivered to an engine aboveambient atmospheric conditions. This in turn increases the mass of airdrawn into the cylinders during each intake stroke. Then, if the optimumair-to-fuel ratio is still maintained, more fuel can be combusted to producemore power output.A supercharged engine of a given displacement size can producesigniﬁcantly more power and torque compared to the same engine whennormally aspirated, that is, not supercharged. Conversely, a smaller and
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