Mathematics reveals hidden patterns that help us to understand the world around us.Much more than arithmetic and geometry, Mathematics today is a diversifieddiscipline, which deals with data, measurement and observations from science; withreference, deduction and proof, and with mathematical models, natural phenomena,human behaviour and social systems. As a practical matter, mathematics is a scienceof patterns and order. Its domain is not molecules or cells, but numbers, chance, form,algorithm and change. As a science of abstract object, mathematics relies on logicrather than on observation as its standard of truth, yet employs observation,simulations and even experimentation as means of discovering the truth. The result of mathematics theorems and theories are both significant and useful; the best resultsare also elegant and deep. In addition to theorems and theories, mathematics offersdistinctive mode of thought which are both versatile and powerful, includingmathematical modelling, abstraction, optimisation, logical analysis, inference fromdata and use of symbols. Due to diverse application of mathematics, the variousmathematical toolsare required which are interlinked with each other. It is the tallshape of mathematics.
The Education Commission (1964-66
) recommended Mathematics as acompulsory subject for all school students up to class X. There is hardly any disciplineof study without the numbers. Thus Mathematics enjoys unique status in a schoolcurriculum.
The National Policy of Education (NPE-1986)
also emphasizes the Mathematicsshould be visualized as the vehicle to train a child to think, reason, analyze andarticulate logically, apart from being a specific subject, it should be treated asconcomitant to any subject involving analysis and reasoning. But it has been observedthat many school students find difficulty with learning of Mathematics and fail inMathematics. The plausible cause for the failure is that the teachers quite often pay