Background of water scarcity and water quality problem.
Water is important element in human life. Someone can not survive without water, so thatwater is the one that can support in our life. The water availability in this world is overflow, but just a little that can be used to drink. From the total amount of water in this world, only three percent that available to drink, and the other is salty water. Beside that, the problems aredecreasing of clean water supply. The increasing of population in this world, make the need of drinking water are going larger. So the availability of clean water is getting less than before.Today, the using of water in this world is rising two times but the availability isdecreasing. As a consequence, water scarcity will be happen in more than forty percent of theworld inhabitant. Water scarcity has negative effect in all of sector, belong to health. Without thehygienic drinking water, make 3800 children died everyday because of decease.Beside of increasing population, the environment damaging is one the cause of decreasing clean water source. Abration can contaminate water source in underground. Justthrowing away the garbage in the river, can make the water in the river are getting dirty andhealthy to use it. In Indonesia, almost sixty percent the rivers have been polluted any kind of waste. Fell down the trees in the forest can decrease the absorption of the land to the water andmake the decreasing of clean water supply.
is a common chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all knownforms of life.
is water that can be used in our daily routines.
is water that has been preceded so can be drunk.
is all water that found in the surface.
is all water that found in the lower side of the ground (underground).
is an imbalance of supply and demand under prevailing institutionalarrangements and/or prices.
is the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water inrelationship to a set of standards.
CAUSES OF WATER SCARCITYSome causes of water scarcity are natural, others are human agency :1.Growth of population