Sub: Engineering Topic: Mechanical Engineering
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The lift force is produced by the relative motion between a solid object and a fluid.
While the drag force acts in parallel to the direction of the fluid’s flow, the lift force
acts in perpendicular to it. Lift force is important not only for aircraft wings andother flight control surfaces, but also for the design of propeller, compressor, andturbine blades; ship hydrofoils; and the body contours of commercial and racingautomobiles. The area of mechanical engineering that encompasses the interaction between structures and the air flowing around them is called
. When engineers are performing aerodynamic analysis of drag and lift forces,invariably they make approximating assumptions with respect to geometry and the behavior of the fluid. For in
stance, neglecting a fluid’s viscosity or compressibility
can simplify an engineering analysis problem enough for an engineer to develop apreliminary design or interpret the results of measurements. On the other hand,engineers are mindful of the fact that such assumptions, while meaningful in someapplications, could be inappropriate in others.Mechanical engineers often use
, to conduct experiments tounderstand and measure the forces generated when air flows around a solid object. Wind tunnels enable engineers to optimize the performance of aircraft, spacecraft,missiles, and rockets at different speeds and flight conditions. In such a test, a scalemodel of the object is built and attached to a special fixture for measuring the dragand lift forces developed by the airstream. Wind tunnels can also be used to