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Estimation in Engineering

Estimation in Engineering

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Published by ClassOf1.com
In the stages of a design process, engineers make precise calculations to solve technical problems. Engineers nearly always make approximations when they solve technical problems
In the stages of a design process, engineers make precise calculations to solve technical problems. Engineers nearly always make approximations when they solve technical problems

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Published by: ClassOf1.com on Jul 26, 2013
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Engineering
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Sub: Engineering Topic: Mechanical Engineering
*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Mechanical Engineering Homework Help at Classof1.com
E
STIMATION IN
E
NGINEERING
 
In the stages of a design process, engineers make precise calculations to solvetechnical problems. Engineers nearly always make approximations when they solvetechnical problems. Those estimates are made to reduce a real system, as imperfectand non-ideal as it may be, into its most basic and essential elements. Approximations are also made to remove extraneous factors that complicate theproblem but that otherwise have little influence on a final result. Engineers arecomfortable making reasonable approximations so that their mathematical modelsare as simple as possible, while leading to a result that is accurate enough for thetask at hand. If the accuracy needs to be increased later on, for instance, as a design becomes finalized, then they need to incorporate more physical phenomena ordetails about the geometry, and the equations to be solved would likewise becomemore complicated.Given that some imperfections and uncertainty are always present in real hardware,engineers often make
order-of-magnitude estimates
. Early in the designprocess, for instance, order-of-magnitude approximations are used to evaluatepotential design options for their feasibility. Some examples are estimating the weight of a structure or the amount of power that a machine produces or consumes.Those estimates, made quickly, are helpful to focus ideas and narrow down theoptions available for a design before significant effort has been put into figuring outdetails.
 
 
Sub: Engineering Topic: Mechanical Engineering
*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Mechanical Engineering Homework Help at Classof1.com
Engineers make order-of-magnitude estimates while fully aware of theapproximations involved and recognizing that reasonable approximations are going
to be necessary to reach an answer. In fact, the term “
order of magnitude
implies that the quantities considered in the calculation are accurate to perhaps afactor of 10. A calculation of this type might estimate the force carried by a certain
 bolted connection to be 1000 lb, implying that the force probably isn’t as low as 100
lb or as great as 10,000 lb, but it certainly could be 800 lb or 3000 lb. At first glance, that range might appear to be quite wide, but the estimate isnevertheless useful because it places a bound on how large the force could be. Theestimate also provides a starting point for any subsequent, and presumably moredetailed, calculations that a mechanical engineer would need to make. Calculationsof this type are educated estimates, admittedly imperfect and imprecise, but betterthan nothing.These calculations are sometimes described as being made on the back of anenvelope because they can be performed quickly and informally. Order-of-magnitude estimates are made when engineers in a design process begin assigningnumerical values to dimensions, weights, material properties, temperatures,pressures, and other parameters. You should recognize that those values will berefined as information is gathered, the analysis improves, and the design becomes better defined.

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