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4-6

4-6

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Published by Rajendra Chimauriya

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Published by: Rajendra Chimauriya on Jul 27, 2013
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07/27/2013

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@)@& ;fn df3 !) ut]lrtjgsf]/Tggu/ gu/kflnsf–# 6fF8L, dfhlGdPsf v]d yklnof g]kfnL qmflGtdfsndsf]dfWodaf6 ;+3if{/t\5g\. yklnofn]ev{/}dfq snf ;flxTodf b'O{ nfOg ;+3if{gfds k':ts ahf/df NofPsf 5g\. ;f]xL lstfjdf pNn]v ls dfS;{jfbL / cj;/jfbL sfo{lbzfsfaLrsf];+3if{nfO{b'O{nfOg ;+3if{elgG5 . snf ;flxTosf] l;h{gfTds sfo{ju{;+3if{sf pkh dflgPsf]k':tsdf snf / ljrf/wf/fsf]cljefHo ;DaGwnfO{h/}b]lv s]nfOPsf]5 . hxfFljrf/wf/fnfO{ ;fdflhs r]tgfsf ljleGg ¿kx¿sf]Jojl:yt k|0ffnL dflgPsf]5 . @&^ k[i7 nfdf] pSt k':tsdf g]kfnnfO{;fd|fHojfb / lj:tf/jfbx¿n]gfª\uf] ¿kdf s;/L s;/L lqmsf08 ul//x]sf]5 eGg]b]vfOPsf]5 . ctM snf / ;flxTosf dfWodaf6 /fi6«jfbL / /fi6«lj/f]wLx¿nfO{lstfadf s];|f s];|fdf s]nfOPsf] 5 . hxfF afa'/fdåf/f;+ljwfg;efsf]xTof / k|r08 To;sf] dltof/ ePsf]pNn]v 5 . k|fSsygsf] bf];|f]k]hdf elgPsf]5– …g]kfnnfO{ ;fd|fHojfb / lj:tf/jfbn]gfª\uf]¿kdf lqm8f:yn agfPsf 5g\. oxfFltgsfbnfn tyf s7k'tnLx¿n]v'ndv'Nnf /fi6«3ft ul/x]sf 5g\. xfd|f]/fli6«otf :jfwLgtfnfO{sdhf]/ kfg] {b':k|of; lg/Gt/ hf/L 5 . d'n'sn]7" nf]s'af{gLkl5  k|fKt u/]sf];+ljwfg;ef afa'/fde§/fO{åf/f xTof ul/Psf]5 . k'iksdn bfxfn To;sf]d'Vo dltof/ ag]sf 5g\ ;f]xL k':tssf s]xL emnsx¿ o:tf 5g\ cf:yf–cfbz{ljrf/nfO{df/]/ cflTdo d[To'/f]Hg]of]k|j[lt d" ntM qmflGtnfO{ tf]8kmf]8 / lj;h{g ug] {, km'6 / ljefhg Nofpg], ljv08gåf/f lj;h{gdf k'¥ofpg] ;+:s[lt xf]. o:tf]k|j[lQsf lj?4 ;+3if{ ug] {xfdL xfd|f]st{Jo 7fGb5f} F. g]t[Tjn] af6f]sf]w'nf]df ˆofFs]sf]/ftf]em08fnfO{ k'gM dfly p7fpg];fx; ug} {k5{. o;af/] km];a'ssf]sd]G6– qmflGt x'G5 t/ of] tfnn]x' Fb}g . of]t u'6aGbL xf]. kf6L{, qmflGt / /fi6«nfO{w/fkdf kg] {u'6aGbL rflxFb}g . kf6L{km'6fpg kfOFb}g . lsgeg] o;df nfvf} Fnfv >dhLljx¿sf]/ut / kl;gf ldl;Psf]5 . -h]h:tf dfG5]kf6L{Pstfsf gfddf lelqP, ltgnfO{b]Vbf cfTdUnfgL / kL8f x'G5 . xfd|f 6fpsfsf]df]n tf]lsFbf xfdLnfO{;fdflhs kmfF;LjfbL eg]/ k|ltlqmofjfbL ;/sf/l;t :j/ ldnfpg]x¿ Pstfsf gfddf 7" n}g]tf ag]/ xfd|f];nfd vfO/x]sf 5g\. k':tsdf lgef zfxsf];dfj]z ul/Psf] Pp6f sljtf– dfcf]jfbL lhGbfjfb eGb}k|r08kysf a]n'gx¿ dfly dfly p8]kl5  /fd;fOnLn]cfˆgf]gfd /fvLnfn;fOFnL . ltg}nfn;fOFnLsf xftuf]8fx¿ u'd]alb{ofsfdf]rf{x¿df xf]ltg}nfn;fOFnL cfh u'd]sf v'§fx¿ vf]lh/x]sL l5g\sxfFu'd]< nfnf;fOFnLsf v'§fx¿ vf]Hof}st}< b]Vof} Fst} b]Vg]n]eg]k|r08ky an]/f]sf kfª\u|f x'Gnf;fOFnLsf v'§fx¿otf nfn;fOFnL l3l;|PsL l3l;|Ps} ptf an]/f]s'b]sf]s'b\o}5 Û - aGb's, dfbn / sndsf]plrt;dfof]hgåf/f dfn]dfjfbL;f}Gbo{sf]ljsf; u/]sf]5 . hgo' 4 k|an ePsf u|fdL0f Onfsfdf k'/fgf]wfld{s s§/tf, hftkft, ?l9, cGwljZjf;,e]befj, zf]if0f, pTkL8g, lkt[;Qf jf h:tf ;fdfGtL d" No dfGotf,Wj:t x' Fb};dfgtf / :jtGqtfsf] gofFhgjfbL ;+:s[ltsf]ljsf; eO/x]sf] 5 . dxfg\hgo' 4n]ju{;+3if{df t'kmfgL s]Gb|x¿nfO{;flxTodo agfOlbPsfn]cfh ufpFufpF, 6f]n 6f]nb]lv x/]s txleq ;'Gb/ ;flxTo l;h{gf ePsf 5g\. -;]g OR5'snfO{tTsflng ;Qsf hNnfbx¿n]@)%( ;fn h]7 ^ ut]afhn]5f]k];/x sf7df8f} Faf6 lu/ˆtf/ u/]. s[i0f;]g OR5's Pp6f sndhLlj cfbz{kfqx'g'x'GYof]. lx6n/n]ox'bLdfly klg ;fob} olt;Dd qm'/ / aa{/tfsf]gfs6Lo lx+;|s k|j[lQ k|bz{g u/]gg\xf]nf . jf:tjdf ;]gsf]xTof k|ltzf]wsf]efjgfn]r'/ gk' +;sj[lQ lyof]. ef/tLo lj:tf/jfb / cd]l/sL ;fd|fHojfbsf]h'7f]k'/f]vfPsf, pgs}aGb's, uf]nL / a'6sf]k|of]u u/]/ b]zeSt ;k" tx¿nfO{anfTsf/ ug] {, a]kQf kfg] {, ljeT; ug] {s[T; ;fob tL k|ltlqmofjfbLx¿sf wd{g}lyP . k|;+u xfd|  }xf]. dfS;{jfbL bz{gn]ljZjnfO{ ;du|tfdf cWoog ub} {;fdflhs hLjgsf] cg';Gwfg u/]/ To;sf]ef}lstjfbL wf/0ffsf]ljsf; ub{5 . lxhf]sf]g]kfn / cfhsf]g]kfndf w]/}cQ/ cfO;s]sf] 5 . lxhf]sf]sfNklgs 3f]8fbf}8 ug{  ] afbzfxx¿ cfh Oltxf;sf]sG6]g/dfk'l/Psf 5g\. slyt d'¶Le/sf ef6afx] k~rfotL / Pj+ax'bnLo sfnsf]/fi6«ufg t s;}n]dfg]gg . >Ldfg\ uDeL/===== / ;of} Fy' +uf==== sf];f/df pxL, Pp6}rl/q ljBdfg ePsf]x' Fbf o:tf]/rgf t'?Gt vf/]hL hgtfsf]cfjfh xf]. ljZj ;fd|fHojfb ljz]ifu/L cd]l/sL ;fd|fHojfbn]ljZj/sf >dhLlj hgtflj?4 o' 4 yf]k/]/ ToxfFsf c;nL lrhx¿sf] bf]xg ug] {u/]sf]tYo ;j{ljlQt}5 . of] ;Dk" 0f o' 4sf :j¿kx¿ /fhgLltsj}rfl/s, cfly{s kmf}hL, ;fF:s[lts tyf dgf]j}1flgs cflb OToflb x'g]u/]sf 5g\. oL tdfdvfn];Dk" 0f{o' 4sf]ceLi6 eg]sf] ljZje/sf dfgj ;+zfwg tyf k|fs[lts ;|f]tx¿nfO{cfˆgf]cfly{s Pj+/fhgLlts cwLgdf s}b u/L To;dfly zf]if0f, pTkL8gyf]kg' {/x]sf]:ki6 b]lvG5 . cfh cfGbf]ng leq b'Zdgsf lj?4 k|of]u ul/g]l8kmfOg, l8efO8, l8df]/nfOh, l8:6«f]o tyf ofDr/ h:tf ljlwx¿ cfˆg}ju{leq k|of]u x' Fb} cfof]. 8\o'6Lljgf Ao'6L aGg]xf]8afhLn] s]uGtJodf k'Ug ;lsPnf <
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;/sf/sf ;lrj txsf ljlzi6>]0fLsf sd{rf/LÚ eGg] lyof] t/ah]6df …lgjt{dfg clt ljlzi6JolStTjÚ eGg]/x]sf]5 . dGqfnosf ;lrj lszf]/ yfkfn]s]sf/0fn]o:tf] x'g ePsf]eGg]af/]df 5nkmn eO/x]sf] / l5§}:ki6 x'g]hfgsf/L lbP . pgn] oxL sf/0faf6 pRrkb:y JolStTjsfnflu ;/sf/L cfjf; Joj:yfkg sfo{g/f]lsg]hfgsf/L;d]t lbP . ;jf{  ]Rr cbfntsf GofofwLzsf nflu @%cnucnu 3/ / ;lrj txsfljlzi6 >]0fLsf sd{rf/Lsf nflu @%j6f ;+o'St cfjf;sf nflu klxnf]r/0fdf vl/b k|lqmof cufl8a9fOPsf]5 .
 
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  “
lbNnLsf]g]kfn;+u ag]sf]bL3{sflng ;d:ofsf];fdfGo ;dfwfgsf ¿kdf ef/t ;/sf/n];+:yfkgsf]e/kbf] {k|ltlglw /fv]/ sf7df08f}sf]ljBdfg ;/sf/nfO{x6fpg]s]xL t/Lsf ckgfpg;S5 . k|sf/fGt/df of]k|To'Tkfbs x'g;Sg]ePsf]n], o;nfO{;fk]If ¿kdf laleÌ t/Lsfn];DkÌ ug{;lsG5 M h;df, k|ToIf ef/tLo;}lgs x:tIf]k yf]/}kl/jlt{t ¿kdf ef/tLo ;]gfdf axfn /x]sfuf]vf{/]hLd]G6 jf ef/t lgafl; e" tk" j{uf]vf{;]gfnfO{k|of]u u/]/ g]kfnsf]qmflGtsf/L cfGbf]ngnfO{ ck|ToIf ;xof]u dfkm{t\x:tIf]k u/]/ jf ;Dk" 0f{¿kdf cfly{s gfsfaGbL u/]/ of]sfd k" /f ug{ ;lsG5 . o;dWo]sf s'g}klg t/Lsf k|foM ;kmn x'g ;S5g\/ ef/tLo x:tIf]ksf la?4k|ltx:tIf]k ug] {tfut k'Ug]u/L zfxL ;QfnfO{;dy{g lbg], ;Dejt, rLg ;lxt, s'g}klg t]>f] /fHo x'g] 5}g .of]s'/f dflgPsf]5 ls g]kfnsf]eljio /fHosf]ljefhgdf g}/x]sf]5 h;df ;dy/ e" efu - t/fO{_ ef/tn]lng]5 / kxf8 rLgn]. h]ePklg k|lt/f]wug] { Ifdtfsf]ljsf; gx'Gh]n ;Ddsfnflu of]k/L0ffd ef/tsf]s'g}klg ;/sf/n]:jLsf/ ug] {5}g / gof
  " 
lbNnLsf]cfwf/e" t k|lt/Iff gLlt lrlgofF;}Go zlQmnfO{lxdfnosf]ca/f]w;Dd l;dLt ug' { /xg]5 .ÚÚ-----
Leo E Rose ‘NepalStrategy for Survival’, page291, OUP,1971)
Dffly pw[t ul/Psf]/fhgLltsljin]if0f $@ aif{cufl8 Pscd]/Lsg n]vs
Leo Rose
n]g]kfn–ef/t dfldnfsf af/]n]v]sf] k':tssf]c+z xf]. pgn]cf} +NofPem} + g]kfndf ef/tsf]k|ToIf ;}Go x:tIf]ksf];+efjgf, olb rLg / ef/tsf aLrdf o' 4 gePsf]eP /o; If]qdf rLgsf]zlQm ;'b[9 x' Fb} gcfPsf]eP, ;+ej klg x'g;SYof]. xfn ef/tdf uflePsfhDd'sflZd/, x}b/fjfb nufotsf /fHox¿ lj?4 To;n];}Gox:tIf]ks}gLlt ckgfPsf]lyof]. bf]>f]ljZjo' 4kl5 ljZjel/ km}lnPsf]gjpklgj]zjfb lj/f]lw cfGbf]ngsf]k|efj, ^) sf] bzsb]lv c;+nUg cfGbf]ngsf] k|efj cflb ;d]tn];}Go x:tIf]ksf] ;+efjgfnfO{sdhf]/ agfPsf] sf/0fn]dfq g]kfn ef/tLovt/faf6 hf]luPsf]lyof]. uf]vf{ ;}Go o" lg6 jf ef/tdf a;]sf u/]sf e" k" uf]vf{;}lgsx¿nfO{ k|of]u u/]/ g]kfnnfO{ljno ug] { ;+efjgf rflx+ sdhf]/ lyof].
Leo Rose
sf]lgisif{k9\bf g]kfnLx¿df hlt pT;'stf hfUb5,Tof]eGbf s}of} +u'gf al9 u+eL/ agfpFb5g\pgsf tLgj6flgisif{x¿n]. pgn]n]v]  ]em+  }ef/tn] g]kfndf )@% ;fn / )$% ;fndfcfly{s gfsfaGbL nufP/cfTd;k{0f u/fpg]k|of; ul/;s]sf] 5 . …qmflGtsf/L cfGbf]ngÚnfO{ck|ToIf ¿kdf ;dy{g u/]/ g]kfnsf]cl:tTjnfO{;dfKt kfg] { To;sf]of]hgfsf]c+usf ¿kdf xfdLn]dfcf]jfbL hgo' 4 / dw]z cfGbf]ngsf k|of]ux¿ x]l/;s]sf 5f} + eg] 
Leo Rose
n];+s]t ug{ vf]h]sf];dy/ e" efu -t/fO{_sf] ljefhgsf]¿knfO{…cfTdlg0f{oosf] clwsf/ ;lxtsf];du|dw]z k|b]zÚsf]dfudf k|i6 ¿kdf b]Vg ;lsG5, h;sf]d'Vo cfwf/gful/stf P]g / gSsln gful/stfk|s/0fx¿ x'g\. )( ;fnlt/ g}eb|sfnL ld> /a]bfgGb emfFdfkm{t\To;n]…:jtGq t/fO{Ú / g]kfndf ef/tLo ;]gfsf] pkl:yltsf]dfu ug{nufO{;s]sf] lyof]. o;}k|of]hgsf nflu dft[sf sf]O/fnfsf]kfnfdf g]kfnleq …ef/tLo ;}lgs ldzgÚ cfPsf]lyof]. t/ To;sf]nuQ}kl5  6+sk|;fb cfrfo{sf]pbo, ljeflht sf+u|  ];sf g]tf ljkL sf]O/fnfdf ef/tk|ltsf]k'/fgf];f] +rdf cfO/x]sf]kl/jt{g, sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf]lj:Tff/ / rLg–ef/t o' 4 h:tf sf/0fn]To;n]cfˆgf]of]hgfnfO{cl3 a9fpg ;s]g . nfdf];dokl5 uh]Gb|gf/fo0f l;+xnfO{k|of]u u/]/ ef/tn]k'gM eb|sfnL ld>x¿sf]dfunfO{d'v/ ug{yfNof]/ )$^ ;fnkl5 :jfoQdw]z, lxGbL efiff / gful/stfsfd'2f2x¿ p7fpg nufof]. )(;fnb]lv uh]Gb|gf/fo0fsf] pTyfg;Ddsf 36gfx¿n]s]b]vfpF5g\eg]ablnPsf]kl/j]zdf To;n]g]kfn lj?4sf]k|fylds xltof/sf ¿kdf ;}Go sfjf{lxnfO{geP/ :jfoQtf / hg;+Vofcltqmd0fsf]lbzfaf6 t/fO{sf]ljefhgsf]if8oGqnfO{cufl8a9fPsf]5 .ef/tLo gLltsf]k" /s c+usf ¿kdf dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]x b]lvG5 . dw]zLx¿sf]ana'tfdf dfq t/fO{ laefhgsf]cfwf/ agfpg ;+eagb]lvg'g}dfcf]jfbL k|of]usf]d'Vo sf/0f xf]. cf>o, xltof/, k};f,tflnd ;a}lbP/ To;n]dfcf]jfbL g]t[Tjaf6 …cfTdlg0f{oosf]clwsf/ ;lxtsf]:jfoQ dw]z k|b]zÚsf] av]8f p7fpg nufof]. oL d' 4fx¿ dw]zL u'6x¿af6 p7fpg nufpFbf To;leqsf]p2]Zo k|i6;+u a'lemg] 8/n]To;n]dfcf]jfbLnfO{k|of]u u/]sf]lyof]. dfcf]jfbL g]t[TjnfO{ k" /}lgoGq0fdf lnP/ k'iksdn– afa'/fdsf]kxndf …afx|a' Fb]Úsf] a]nf ef/tLox¿nfO{gful/stf lbg]ljifodf ePsf]c3f]lift ;xdltcg';f/ g}tfTsflng * bnsfgfdaf6 …hGdsf cfwf/dfÚgful/stf ljt/0f ug] {P]g kfl/t ul/Psf]lyof]. o; sf]0faf6 x]bf{ dw]zjfbL u'6x¿nfO{t/fO ljefhgsf cfwf/ / dfcf]jfbLk+lQmnfO{>f]tsf ¿kdf k|of]u ul/Psf]tYo k|i6 x'G5 . ef/tn]g]kfn lj/f]lw of]hgfdf k|of]u u/]sf dfcf]jfbLx¿df afa'/fd e§/fO d" Vo ;" qwf/ lyP . pgLnfO{h;n]xNsf 9+un]a'em]sf]5, To;n]pgsf]Oltxf;nfO{ulx/f] b[li6af6 x]g{h?/L 5 . e§/fO{tL JolQm x'g, h;nfO{;g\!(*# df pgL cWoIf /x]sf]…clvn ef/tg]kfnL ljBfyL{;+3Úsf]Pp6f sfo{qmd ef/tn]ljxf/sf]/fFrLl:yt cfˆgf];}lgs SofDkleq cfof]hgf ug{nufPsf]lyof]. To;}a]nf w]/} ;xeflux¿n]cfZro{k|s6 u/]sf] ;f]sfo{qmddf Clifs]z zfx, kb\d/Tg t'nfw/, e/tdf]xg clwsf/L, emngfy vgfnnufotsfx¿sf]pkl:ylt lyof]./fFrL sfo{qmsf]nuQ}g]kfn kms] {sf afa'/fd cfa4 ePsf] klxnf];+u7g …g]kfn dfgj clwsf/ ;+u7gÚ lyof], h;sf]cWoIf /x]sf Clifs]z zfx ltg}AolQm x'g\, h;n]ljkLnfO{ k|wfgdGqLaf6 ckb:t ug] {ef/tsf]of]hgfdf /fhf dx]Gb|/ hjfx/nfn g]x¿sf aLrdf s'/fcfbfg k|bfgsf]dfWodsf]sfd u/]sf lyP . dfcf]jfbLcfGbf]ngnfO{lj;lh{t ug{lg0ff{os j}rfl/s e" ldsf v]n]sf log} afa'/fdn]cfˆgf]k|wfgdGqLTj sfndf g]kfn st}klg …dh{Ú -ljno_ x'g;Sg]k|;+u p7fP, h'gs'/f
LeoRose
 
n]…qmflGtsf/L cfGbf]ngnfO{ck|ToIf ¿kdf ;dy{g u/] ef/tn]g]kfnsf]cl:tTj ;dfKt kfg{;S5 elg $@ aif{klxn]u/]sf] ljin]if0fsf];+be{;+u 7\ofSs} ldNb5 .dfcf]jfbL / dw]zLx¿nfO{k|of]u u/]/ ef/tn]eGg ug{nufPsf] …dh{Úsf]cleJolQm cfPkl5 la=P;=bf; gfds Pshgfef/tLon]……Pp6f u'd]sf]b]zsf] syfÚÚ lzif{sdf n]v k|sflzt -)&) h]i7 $ sf]sflGtk'/ b}lgs_ u/], h;df pgn]eg]sf lyP, …g]kfn, e'6fg / l;lSsdsf]lxdfno >[ +vnf ef/tLo ;'/Iff kl/lw xf]eGg]dfGotf o;}sf/0f :yflkt eof],h;nfO{rLg nufot ljZj ;d'bfon]dfGotf lbPsf]5 .Ú lxdfno>[ +vnf;Ddsf]g]kfn, e'6fg / l;lSsdsf]e" –efunfO{cfˆgf];'/Iff nfOg -cfˆgf]e" efu_ 7fGg]ef/tsf]  ] bflanfO{rLg / ljZj;d'bfon]dfGotf lbPsf]5 eGg]bf;sf]syg st}af6 k'li6 ePsf]5}g t/ ;g\ !(^) df hjfx/nfn g]x¿n]olxljifo p7fpFbf g]kfnsf k|wfgdGqL ljkL sf]O/fnfn]cfklQ hgfPkl5 pgn]ef/tsf]nf]s;efdf cfˆgf] af]lnnfO{lkmtf{lnPsf]3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP . ljkL sf]O/fnf g]x¿sf]lzsf/ x'g'df of]klg Pp6f sf/0f lyof].
Leo Rose
Pshgf cd]l/sLn]vs tyf /fhgLltscg';Gwfgstf{lyP . ljz]iful/ g]kfn, rLg, ef/tsf]ljb]z Pj+ /Iff dfldnfsf]ljZn]if0f;+u hf]l8Psf pgsf]bfla cg';f/ ef/tåf/f g]kfnsf];fj{ef}d;Qfsf] x/0fsf]of]hgf ;DalGw of]lgisif{ g]kfn / ef/tsf /fhgLlts,s'6lglts tyf /Iff;+u ;DalGwtljz]if1 JolQmx¿;+usf]nfdf] 5nkmn / ef/tsf]g]kfn gLlt;+u ;DalGwt y'k|  }of]hgfx¿nfO{cufl8 /fv]/ lgsflnPsf]xf]. l7s o:t} k|sf/sf]lgisif{a]nfotL s'6lglt1
JP Cross
n]cfˆgf]k':ts
Thecall of Nepal
-k[i7 *&–*(_dfklg lgsfn]sf 5g\.
Leo Rose
 
sf]ljin]if0f;+u hf]l8Psf]clxn]sf];Gbe{n] Oltxf;sf sltko 36gfx¿sf]k'gd"  {Nofs+g ug' {kg] {cfjZostf b]vfPsf]5 . k+rfotL Joj:yf / /fhtGqsf]lj:yfkg, )$^ ;fnsf]ax'bn, dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]x, zflGt k|s[of, ;+ljwfg;efsf]u7g / /fHosf]k'g;{ +/rgf ;DalGw p7]sf d'2fx¿ s'g}n]klg g]kfnsf] ;fj{ef}d;Qf, If]lqo cv08tf Pj+ hgclwsf/sf]k|Zgdf ;sf/fTdskl/0ffd glbPsf]kl/k|  ]Ifdf g]kfnsf] Oltxf;sf]k'gd"  {Nof+sgsf]ljifonfO{ ef/tLo if8oGqsf]Jofks;Gbe{leq x]g{h?/L 5 eGg] b]vfpF5 .ef/tLo if8oGq / g]kfnsf]jt{dfg cj:yfsf af/]df oxfFsf ;Qf s]lGb|t /fhgLlts JolQm, sd{rf/L Pj+af}l4s j[t sf]lx cgle1 5}gg\. t/ o;af/]sf]df}gtfn]s] b]vfpF5 eg]g]kfnleqsf]bnfn / u'Ktr/x¿sf]Pp6f k+lQm b]znfO{ ef/tdf ufEg]jf ljefhg ug] {of]hgfdf ;xdt eO;s]sf]5 / csf] {k+lQmn]cfˆgf]:jfy{sf nflu t'li6s/0fsf]gLlt lnPsf]5 . ut xKtf ef/tLo ljb]zdGqL ;ndfgv'l;{bsf]rfs8Lsf]xf]8df rf/ bnsf g]tfx¿n]cfk"  mnfO{h;/L lgj{:q b]vfOlbP, o;n]g]kfn gfh's df]8df k'lu;s]  ]sf] oyfy{tfnfO{;+s]t ub{5 .o:tf] cj:yfdf ef/t, rf/ blnol;lG8s]6 / ;/sf/sf]k" 0f{ lgoGq0fdf /xg]u/L u/fpg]3f]if0ff ul/Psf];+ljwfg;efsf]lgjf{rg s] k|of]hgsf nflu xf]eGg]k|Zgdf u+eL/tfsf;fy ljrf/ ug' { kb{5 . aflx/af6 x]bf{/fd|f b]lvg];a} ;fwgx¿ ;sf/fTds ;fWosf nflu;fws x' Fb}gg\. To;leqsf]lglxtfy{, ljsf; k|s[of Pj+;Gbe{s]xf]eGg] s'/f g}d'Vo kIf xf]. log}bnx¿n] lxhf]/fhtGqnfO{b]zsf]Psdfq ;d:of ePsf]atfpFb};dfwfgsf] cr's ljsNksf ¿kdf cl3 ;f/]sf]u0ftGqsf]cfs{ifs t:jL/ b]z / hgtfsf nflu /fhtGq eGbfvt/fgfs ;fljt eof]. slytzflGt k|s[of / /fHo k'g;{ +/rgfsf /+lug gf/fx¿ klg ;dfh ljefhgug] {xltof/sf ¿kdf k|of]u ul/P . ;+ljwfg;efsf]hfb'ul/ tl:j/ klg o;sf]ckjfb aGg ;Sb}g .pQfpnf]kgdf gaxlsP/ ;a}n]Oltxf;af6 kf7 l;Sg o; sf/0fn]klg h?/L b]lvPsf]xf]ls h'g tTjx¿n];+ljwfg;efnfO{cr" s cf}iflwsf ¿kdf avfg ul//x]sf5g\, ltg}tTjx¿n]cfˆgf nflu cg's" ntf gb]v]kl5 ;+ljwfg;efsf] lj36g u/]sf lyP .
Leo Rose
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ef/tn]g]kfn lj/f]lwof]hgfdf k|of]u u/]s dfcf] jfbLx¿df afa'/fde§/fOd"Vo ;"qwf/ lyP .pgLnfO{h;n]xNsf 9+un]a'em]sf]5, To;n]pgsf] Oltxf;nfO{ulx/f]b[li6af6x]g{h?/L5 . e§/fO{tL JolQmx'g, h;nfO{;g\!(*#df pgLcWoIf /x]sf]clvn ef/t g]kfnLljBfyL{;+sf]Pp6f sfo{qmd ef/tn]ljxf/sf]/fFrLl:yt cfˆgf];}lgs SofDkleq cfof]hg ug{nufPsf]lyof]. To;}a]nf w]/};xeflux¿n]cfZro{k|s6 u/]sf];f] sfo{qmddf Clifs]z zfx, kb\d/Tg t'nfw/, e/tdf]xg clwsf/L, emngfy vgfn nufotsfx¿sf]pkl:ylt lyof]./fFrLsfo{qmsf]nuQ}g]kfn kms]{sf afa'/fd cfa4 ePsf]klxnf] ;+u7g g]kfn dfgj clwsf/ ;+u7gÚlyof], h;sf]cWoIf /x]s Clifs]z zfx ltg}AolQmx'g\, h;n]ljkLnfO{k|wfgdGqLaf6 ckb:t ug]{ef/tsf]of]hgfdf /fhf dx]Gb|/ hjfx/nfn g]x¿sf aLrdf s'/f  cfbfg k|bfgsf]dfWodsf]sfd u/]sf lyP . dfcf] jfbLcfGbf]ngnfO{ lj;lh{t ug{lg0ff{os j}rfl/s e"ldsf v]n]sf log}afa'/fdn]cfˆgf] k|wfgdGqLTj sfndf g]kfn st}klg …dh{Ú-ljno_ x'g;Sg]k|;+u p7fP, h'gs'/f 
Leo Rose
n]qmflGtsf/LcfGbf]ngnfO{ck| ToI¿kdf ;dy{g u/]/Úef/tn]g]kfnsf]cl:tTj ;dfKt kfg{;S5 elg $@ aif{klxn]u/]sf]ljin]if0fsf];+be{;+u 7\ofSs}ldNb5 .
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ut xKtf ef/tLo ljb]zdGqL;ndfg v'l;{bsf] rfs8Lsf]xf]8df rf/ bnsf g]tfx¿n]cfk"mnfO{ h;/Llgj{:q b]vfOlbP, o;n]g]kfn gfh's df]8df k'lu;s]]sf]oyfy{tfnfO{;+s]t ub{5 .o:tf] cj:yfdf ef/t, rf/ blno l;lG8s]6 /;/sf/sf]k"0f{lgoGq0fdf /xg]u/Lu/fpg]3f]if0ff ul/Psf];+ljwfg;efsf]lgjf{rg s]k|of]hgsf  nflu xf]eGg]k|Zgdf u+eL/tfsf;fy ljrf/ ug'{ kb{5 . aflx/af6 x]bf{/fd|f b]lvg];a};fwgx¿ ;sf/fTds ;fWosf nflu ;fws x'Fb}gg\.  To;leqsf]lglxtfy{, ljsf; k|s[of Pj+;Gbe{s] xf]eGg]s'/f g}d'Vo kIf xf].

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