As a consequence symptoms like drying and necrosis of tail and ear tip,swelling of legs and then drying, necrosis and gangrenous lesion on foot,reduction in
production by 70-80% were observed in buffaloes fed to suchstraw. In Nepal such conditions were reported from districts like Jhapa,saptari, siraha, Rautahat, Chitwan, nawalparasi, Kathmandu, Nuwakot,Bankeand Lamjung. The vet doctors and technicians working in such areas weretreating such condition diagnosing as FMD, Black Quarter etc but withoutsuccess.
What´s in other south Asian countries?
There is interesting fact about above mentioned symptoms, geographicallocation and livestock production system. During 1930s in Punjab Province of Pakistan, the health of buffaloes fed with rice straw from vicinity of Deg Riverdeteriorated with symptoms similar to aforementioned. The British animalhealth technician J.E.Sirllow working there during that time named thedisease with all above symptoms as DEGNALA. But he was unable to pin pointthe exact cause of that disease.There is evidence that during 1960-70s the veterinarians in Punjab area of Pakistan and India again discussed about this disease. In 1973 the rice strawfrom disease area of Punjab Ludhiana of India was found to be infected withfungus Fusarium SPP tested in kyu surrey laboratory of UK. The investigatorshave claimed that due to feeding to fungus infected feed and straw, the toxinproduced during metabolism is the cause of disease and symptoms in buffaloes.In present context above mentioned disease is not only prevalent in vicinity of Deg River but also prevalent in all those areas where buffaloes are kept fedwith rice straw. In India this disease is seen annually in Panjab, Hariyana, UttarPradesh, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Bengal, Jharkhand, chhatisgard states.In Nepal
was first reported in 1988 in Banke district butepidemic outbreak was in 2000 AD in Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Siraha, Saptari,Banke, and Bardia districts. Again this time after 12 yrs this disease isreappeared in above mentioned districts of Nepal situation is not different inother countries in this region and winter rain is responsible for it.
The cause of symptoms in this disease has been thoroughly studied by thiscolumnist during his Master degree in veterinary medicine. The
produced by the metabolism of Fusariam fungus dissolves the collagen and