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Zambia 2010 Living Conditions Monitoring Survey Report

Zambia 2010 Living Conditions Monitoring Survey Report

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Published by Zambian-Economist
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Published by: Zambian-Economist on Jul 28, 2013
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Available at Central Statistical Office
 L N GCO N  DO N  S M O N O R N GS R E R EO R2006and2010
Republic of Zambia
Central Statistcal Office
Published by
Living Conditions Monitoring Branch,Central Statistical Office,P. O. Box 31908, Lusaka, Zambia.Tel: 251377/251370/253468/256520 Fax: 253468/256520E-mail:info@zamstats.gov.zm Website: www.zamstats.gov.zm
November 17, 2011
Extracts may be published if sources are duly acknowledged.
In recent years a number of developing countries have undergone major changes in both theirpolitical and economic systems. In order to monitor the effects of these changes on the livingconditions of the population, Living Conditions Monitoring Surveys are conducted to provide thenecessary statistical monitoring indicators.In Zambia, the need to monitor the living conditions of the people became more pronouncedduring the 1990s when the country vigorously started implementing the Structural AdjustmentProgrammes (SAP). The Government and it’s cooperating partners realized that a segment of thepopulation was adversely affected by these policies and programmes meant to reform theeconomy. Deteriorating socio-economic conditions in the country further prompted theGovernment and donor community to reassess various development and assistance strategies fromthe point of view of poverty alleviation. The reassessment culminated into the development of thePoverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) in 2001. However, the successful implementation of suchpolicy-oriented strategies requires institutionalisation of monitoring framework both at householdand community levels. The Central Statistical Office (CSO) has been conducting the household based Living ConditionsMonitoring Surveys (LCMS) since 1996 for monitoring various Government and donor policies andprogrammes. The LCMS surveys evolved from the Social Dimensions of Adjustment Priority Surveysconducted in 1991 (PSI) and 1993 (PSII). So far, five LCMS Surveys have been conducted. These are: -(i)
 The Living Conditions Monitoring Survey I of 1996(ii)
 The Living Conditions Monitoring Survey II of 1998(iii)
 The Living Conditions Monitoring Survey III of 2002/2003(iv)
 The Living Conditions Monitoring Survey IV of 2004(v)
 The Living Conditions Monitoring Survey of 2006 The Living Conditions Monitoring Survey 2010 (or Indicator Monitoring Survey) was conductedbetween January 2010 and April 2010 covering the whole country. The major objective was toprovide poverty estimates, and provides a platform for comparing with previous poverty estimatesderived from cross-sectional survey data. Using similar survey design to that earlier conducted in1998, the poverty estimates from the 2004 survey are comparable to the survey of 1998 and 1996. Itshould be noted that, although the Central Statistical Office conducted another survey for 12months during 2002/2003, the poverty results could not be compared to the 1998 Living ConditionsSurvey that was used to provide baseline poverty estimates for reports that include the PovertyReduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) of 2002-4 and the Millennium Development Goals. The povertyresults of the LCMS 2010 and LCMS 2006 cannot be compared to the results of the 2004, 1998, 1996,PSII 1993 and PSI 1991. This is because the results of the LCMS 2006 and 2010 used year specificangle ratios to derive the food share while the rest used a fixed angle. The 2006 LCMS and 2010LCMS used items prices to update the poverty lines. The main objectives of the LCMSVI Survey are to:
Monitor the impact of Government policies, programmes and donor support on the wellbeing of the Zambian population
Monitor and evaluate the implementation of some of the programmes envisaged in thePoverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)
Monitor poverty and its distribution in Zambia
Provide various users with a set of reliable indicators against which to monitor development

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