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ic3workbook

ic3workbook

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Published by cchiarain

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Published by: cchiarain on May 20, 2009
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10/11/2011

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Coláiste Chiaráin IC3 Notes
Coláiste ChiaráinIC3 Textbook
Page | 1
 
Coláiste Chiaráin IC3 Notes
Section 1: Types of Computers
1.
Supercomputer:
Extremely large and powerful computer.It is used for complex tasks (e.g weather prediction).Custom software is used. Cost millions so limited to large companies andgovernments.2.
Mainframe Computer:
Very large computer designed to process many things atonce. They are used by banks governments. Used for ticketing and databases.Sometimes called
centralised 
systems because smaller computers called
terminals
can be connected to the mainframe.Centralised systems can be cheaper for companies because they only needto secure and maintain one computer.An
ATM
is an example of a terminal connected to a mainframe.3.
Network Servers:
Computers that manage, support and control networks The school has a number of servers in the server rack in the red carpet area.Each server performs a set tasks (e.g. a
mailserver, webserver, domaincontroller
(handles logons),
fileserver
(shares folders e.g. your u: drive).4.
Personal Computer:
Designed to be used by one person. The most common are
desktop computers
(e.g. the computers in the labs).
Desktop
computers are sometimes called
microcomputers
. The advantages of desktops over laptops etc. are that they are cheaper and morepowerful
PC Vs MAC:
Most personal computer use the Windows operating system.
Apple
manufacture a computer called the Macintosh. The
Apple Mac
is popular with graphic artists, musicians, video editing, desktoppublising etc.5.
Laptop / Notebook:
A Portable computer similar to a desktop.It is very compact and runs off a battery. Advantage: portability.A
tablet
pc is a laptop with a touch screen or stylus pen that can recognised textyou write.Page | 2
 
Coláiste Chiaráin IC3 Notes
6.
Netbook:
Extremely light and portable laptop, usually with a 10” or smaller screenand no CD Drive.Other types of small laptops are
Palmtops and Ultra Mobile Computers.
7.
PDA (Personal Digital Assistant):
A small handheld computer used with a pencalled a
stylus
. Modern phones with PDA software (windows mobile etc) are called
smartphones.
Page | 3

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