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Handout3

Handout3

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Published by djoseph_1
from mit ocw
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Published by: djoseph_1 on Jul 28, 2013
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07/28/2013

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Course 18.327 and 1.130
Wavelets and Filter Banks
Filter Banks: time domain
(Haar example) and frequency domain;
conditions for alias cancellation
and no distortion
2
Simplest (non-trivial) example of a two channel FIRperfect reconstruction filter bank.
Haar Filter Bank
h
0
[n]h
1
[n]
éééé
2
éééé
2x[n]y
0
[n]y
1
[n]
åååå
2
åååå
2Analysis
0
[n]
1
[n]
0
[n]
1
[n]x[n]^Synthesisv
0
[n]v
1
[n]t
1
[n]t
0
[n]h
0
[n] =
0
[n] =011
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
2-10
1
 
3
h
1
[n] =
1
[n] =-1
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
2-1
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
201-10Analysis:
0
[n] = (x[n] + x[n œ 1]) lowpass filter y
0
[n] = r 
0
[2n] downsampler y
0
[n] = (x[2n] + x[2n œ 1]) -----------------
jjjj
 
Similarlyy
1
[n] = (x[2n] œ x[2n œ 1]) ------------------
kkkk
 
1
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
2
4
Matrix form
4444
=
4444
 
y
0
[0]y
0
[1]
::::
 
4
 
::::
 
y
1
[0]y
1
[1]1
µµµµ
2
4444
 
3
 
1 1 0 0
3333
 
3
 
0 0 1 1
3333
 
3
 
-1 1 0 0
3333
 
3
 
0 0 -1 1
3333
 
4444
 
::::
 
x[-1]x[0]x[1]x[2]
::::
 
::::
 
-------------------
llll
 
y
o
y
1
=LBx
2
 
5
Synthesisy
0
[n/2] n event
0
[n] = upsampler 0 n oddv
0
[n] = ( t
0
[n + 1] + t
0
[n]) lowpass filter y
0
[n/2] n eveny
0
[ ] n odd
 & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) (
1
µµµµ
2
 & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) (
=
 
1
µµµµ
21
µµµµ
2n + 12
6
Similarlyv
1
[n] =
 & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) (
1
µµµµ
2
y
1
[n/2] n even
1
µµµµ
2
-y
1
[ ] n odd
n + 12
 & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) ( & )  ' ) (
1
µµµµ
2
(y
0
[n/2] + y
1
[n/2]) n even^So, the reconstructed signal isx[n] = v
0
[n] + v
1
[n]=
1
µµµµ
2
(y
0
[ ] -y
1
[ ]) n odd
n + 12n + 12
3

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