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Handout11

# Handout11

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07/28/2013

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Course 18.327 and 1.130
Wavelets and Filter Banks
Orthogonal wavelet bases: connectionto orthogonal filters; orthogonality inthe frequency domain. Biorthogonalwavelet bases.
2
Orthogonal Wavelets
2D Vector Space:Basis vectors are
,
j

orthonormal basis

x

x

x

and

are the projections of

onto the
x

and

axes:

x

=

,

=

,
j

j

1

������
 
 
�

�

,

=[
x

]01=
x
Inner ProductOrthogonal multiresolution spaces:V
j
has an orthonormal basis {2
j/2
(2
j
t œ k): -
 

k
 
}
j,k
(t)W
j
has an orthonormal basis {2
j/2
w(2
j
t œ k): -
 

k
 
}w
j,k
(t)
3
Orthonormal means

j,k
(t) ,
j,l
(t)

=


2
j/2
(2
j
t œ k) 2
j/2
(2
j
t -l)dt =
[k -l]
-

w
j,k
(t) , w
j,l
(t)

=


2
j/2
w(2
j
t œ k) 2
j/2
w(2
j
t -l)dt =
[k -l]
-

For orthogonal multiresolution spaces, we have
�

�

�

�
V
j
W
j
So

j,k
(t) , w
j,l
(t)

=0
4
2

5
Projection of an L
2
function, f(t), onto V
j
:
j
(t) =

a
j
[k]
j,k
(t)witha
j
[k] =
f(t),
j,k
(t)

Haar example
k
f(t)
j
(t)t01/2
j
2/2
j
3/2
j
4/2
j
2
j   /   2
a
j
[   0   ]
2
j   /   2
a
j
[   1   ]
Projection of f(t) onto W
j
:g
j
(t) =

b
j
[k]w
j,k
(t)
k
withb
j
[k] =
f(t), w
j,k
(t)

6
3

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