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Pick-up Truck Frontal Crash

# Pick-up Truck Frontal Crash

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Auto companies perform crash tests simulation to increase safety of the vehicles and comply with government regulations such as those of FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards). This is an example of a pick-up truck frontal crash at 15 m/s (34 m.p.h.) against a rigid wall. To model the simulation, contact was defined between the truck and the rigid wall to predict the stress and deformations of the structure.
Auto companies perform crash tests simulation to increase safety of the vehicles and comply with government regulations such as those of FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards). This is an example of a pick-up truck frontal crash at 15 m/s (34 m.p.h.) against a rigid wall. To model the simulation, contact was defined between the truck and the rigid wall to predict the stress and deformations of the structure.

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05/11/2014

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Chapter 32: Pick-up Truck Frontal Crash
32
Pick-up Truck Frontal Crash

MD Demonstration ProblemsCHAPTER 32
512
Summary
TitleChapter 32: Pick-up Truck Frontal CrashGeometryMaterial propertiesThree different material types are used:Elastic material:
MAT1
Elasto-plastic material:
MATD024
Rigid material:
MATD020
Almost all structures are made by elasto-plastic material(Young’s modulus) = 2.1e+5. N/mm
2
(Poisson’s ratio) =.3(density) = 7.89e-9 tonne/mm
3
(ultimate plastic strain) =.9Analysis typeTransient explicit dynamic analysisBoundary conditionsFixed condition of the rigid wallApplied loadsInitial velocity of 5000 mm/sec. defined for the pick-up trucElement type1-D beam element2-D shell element3-D solid elementFE results
Width= 1,954 mmLength= 5,454 mmHeight= 1,841 mm
E
pu
t = 90 ms

513
CHAPTER 32
Pick-up Truck Frontal Crash
Introduction
Auto companies perform crash tests simulation to increase safety of the vehicles and comply with governmentregulations such as those of FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards). This is anexample of a pick-up truck frontal crash at 15 m/s (34 m.p.h.) against a rigid wall. To model the simulation, contact was defined between the truck and the rigid wall to predict the stress and deformations of the structure.
Requested Solutions
A numerical analysis will be performed to find the behavior of a pick-up truck during crash simulation.
FEM Solution
Three contacts are defined in the simulation:1.The truck and rigid wall surface2.The truck tires and the ground surface3.Self contact for the truck to avoid penetration among various components
SET
is an executive control entry in SOL 700 that defines a set that contains some grid points. The set will later bereferred by the
CSPOT
entry in the bulk entry section.
SET 990009 = 105843 105655..

TSTEPNL
describes the number of Time Steps (10) and Time Increment (9.e-3 sec.) of the simulation. End time is theproduct of the two entries. Notice here, the Time Increment is only for the first step. The actual number of TimeIncrements and the exact value of the Time Steps are determined by SOL 700 during the analysis. The step size of theoutput files is determined by the Time Increment as well.
TSTEPNL 20 10 9e-3 1 5
To define a 3-D contact region,
BCPROP
and
PSURF
are used.
BCPROP
and
PSURF
specify a contact body byelement properties and element IDs, respectively.
BCPROP 1 1 2 3 4 10 11 12..BSURF 5 5 6 7 8 9 10 11..
Concentrated masses are defined by
CONM2
entry.
CONM2 1990624 91344 1e-06
Rigid nodes which are attached to a reference node are defined by
RBE2
entry.
RBE2 5 104247 123456 104272 104614 104615 105038 105039..
Applied forces and motions in the model are gravitational force and the initial velocity on the truck.