Pick-up Truck Frontal Crash
Auto companies perform crash tests simulation to increase safety of the vehicles and comply with governmentregulations such as those of FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards). This is anexample of a pick-up truck frontal crash at 15 m/s (34 m.p.h.) against a rigid wall. To model the simulation, contact was defined between the truck and the rigid wall to predict the stress and deformations of the structure.
A numerical analysis will be performed to find the behavior of a pick-up truck during crash simulation.
Three contacts are defined in the simulation:1.The truck and rigid wall surface2.The truck tires and the ground surface3.Self contact for the truck to avoid penetration among various components
is an executive control entry in SOL 700 that defines a set that contains some grid points. The set will later bereferred by the
entry in the bulk entry section.
SET 990009 = 105843 105655..
describes the number of Time Steps (10) and Time Increment (9.e-3 sec.) of the simulation. End time is theproduct of the two entries. Notice here, the Time Increment is only for the first step. The actual number of TimeIncrements and the exact value of the Time Steps are determined by SOL 700 during the analysis. The step size of theoutput files is determined by the Time Increment as well.
TSTEPNL 20 10 9e-3 1 5
To define a 3-D contact region,
specify a contact body byelement properties and element IDs, respectively.
BCPROP 1 1 2 3 4 10 11 12..BSURF 5 5 6 7 8 9 10 11..
Concentrated masses are defined by
CONM2 1990624 91344 1e-06
Rigid nodes which are attached to a reference node are defined by
RBE2 5 104247 123456 104272 104614 104615 105038 105039..
Applied forces and motions in the model are gravitational force and the initial velocity on the truck.