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Composite Fracture and Delamination

Composite Fracture and Delamination

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Published by Dan Wolf
This example models a honeycomb (core) structure with a face sheet between which exists an initial delamination. A hole is drilled in the core part, where a prescribed displacement is applied to the face sheet in order to study the effect of delamination of the face from the core. A plane strain assumption has been used and, for simplicity, the same isotropic material is used for the two parts. The delamination is modeled in two ways: with glued contact and crack growth using the VCCT option, and with interface elements using a cohesive zone model.
This example models a honeycomb (core) structure with a face sheet between which exists an initial delamination. A hole is drilled in the core part, where a prescribed displacement is applied to the face sheet in order to study the effect of delamination of the face from the core. A plane strain assumption has been used and, for simplicity, the same isotropic material is used for the two parts. The delamination is modeled in two ways: with glued contact and crack growth using the VCCT option, and with interface elements using a cohesive zone model.

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Published by: Dan Wolf on May 21, 2009
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08/09/2013

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Chapter 20: Composite Fracture and Delamination
20
Composite Fracture andDelamination
 
MD Demonstration ProblemsCHAPTER 20
366
Summary
TitleChapter 20: Composite Fracture and DelaminationFeaturesVCCT based crack propagationCohesive zone modelingGeometryMaterial propertiesIsotropic elastic material:E = 5000 ksi, = 0.3Cohesive material for interface elements: Exponential model usedCohesive energy = 4.409 lb/in; critical opening displacement = 0.005 inAnalysis typeQuasi-static analysisBoundary conditionsSimply supported as shown in the diagram aboveApplied loadsPrescribed vertical displacementElement type4-node plane strain; 4-node interfaceVCCT propertiesDirect crack propagation by releasing glued contact.Crack growth resistance = 4.409 lb/inFE results1.Plot of deformed shape for VCCT model.2.Plot of deformed shape for interface element model3.Force-displacement curve at applied load.
6 “Initial Crack 0.6 0.6 0.9 “0.9 “R = 0.5 “1.1 “0.078 “
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2Vertical displacement050100150200250
   R  e  a  c   t   i  o  n   f  o  r  c  e
Cohesive zoneVCCT
 
367
CHAPTER 20
Composite Fracture and Delamination
Introduction
This example models a honeycomb (core) structure with a face sheet between which exists an initial delamination. Ahole is drilled in the core part, where a prescribed displacement is applied to the face sheet in order to study the effectof delamination of the face from the core.A plane strain assumption has been used and, for simplicity, the same isotropic material is used for the two parts.The delamination is modeled in two ways:With glued contact and crack growth using the
VCCT
option.With interface elements using a cohesive zone model.Figure20-1illustrates the VCCT model. The face sheet is glued to the core. The center part of the face sheet is omittedfrom the contact body and thus defines the initial cracks. The grid IDs defining the crack tips are shown inFigure20-2.
Figure20-1 Definition of Contact Bodies for the VCCT Model
The model using interface elements is shown inFigure20-3. Here, we do not use contact; instead, there are interfaceelements between the core and the face which share the grids from the existing meshes. The interface elements havezero thickness, but they are shown with finite thickness inFigure20-3(the face part has been moved downwards forbetter illustration).For the VCCT model, a crack growth resistance is specified. The energy release rate is calculated for each crack ateach load level. When this energy release rate is larger than the crack growth resistance, the crack will grow. Thegrowth is accomplished by releasing the glued contact at the crack tip. The next grid along the interface isautomatically identified and a new calculation of the energy release rate is performed, and the check for growthrepeated. This continues at constant load until either the crack reaches a free boundary or the energy release rate isbelow the crack growth resistance.

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