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Three-layer Sandwich Shell under Normal Pressure Loading

Three-layer Sandwich Shell under Normal Pressure Loading

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Published by Dan Wolf
This problem demonstrates the ability to model pressure loading of a square composite three layer sandwich flat shell. Stresses and displacements are calculated and compared to a reference solution. Stresses and displacements are calculated at the surface of the composite three layer sandwich flat shell in MD Nastran. This test is recommended by the National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards (NAFEMS): Test R0031/3 from NAFEMS publication R0031, “Composites Benchmarks”, February 1995.
This problem demonstrates the ability to model pressure loading of a square composite three layer sandwich flat shell. Stresses and displacements are calculated and compared to a reference solution. Stresses and displacements are calculated at the surface of the composite three layer sandwich flat shell in MD Nastran. This test is recommended by the National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards (NAFEMS): Test R0031/3 from NAFEMS publication R0031, “Composites Benchmarks”, February 1995.

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Published by: Dan Wolf on May 21, 2009
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05/11/2014

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Chapter 8: Three-layer Sandwich Shell under Normal Pressure Loading
8
Three-layer Sandwich Shellunder NormalPressureLoading
 
121
CHAPTER 8
Three-layer Sandwich Shell under Normal Pressure Loading
Summary
TitleChapter 8: Three-layer Sandwich Shell under Normal Pressure LoadingGeometry2-D Shell (units: in)Length= 10Width = 10Thickness = 0.806Material propertiesFace sheetsCoreAnalysis typeQuasi-static analysisBoundary conditionsPlate is simply supported fixed at four cornersApplied loadsPressure of applied to the top face (most positive in the z-axis)Element type2-D shell, 3-D solid shellFE resultsStresses and displacements compared with NAFEMS solution
uniform normalpressureCEA1010yxsimply supportedon all four edges0.0280.7500.028zface sheetface sheetxall dimensions in inchescore
 E 
1
10 10
Psi
=
12
0.3
=
G
12
1.875 10
Psi
=
 E 
2
4 10
Psi
=
13
0
=
G
13
1.875 10
Psi
=
 E 
3
1 10
Psi
=
23
0
=
G
23
1.875 10
Psi
=The values withinthe parenthesis arechosen to have acomplete 3-Dmaterial modelnecessary for thesolid elements.
 E 
1
10Psi
=
12
0
=
G
12
10Psi
=
 E 
2
10Psi
=
13
0
=
G
13
3 10
4
Psi
=
 E 
3
10Psi
=
23
0
=
G
23
1.2 10
4
Psi
=
100Psi
Three-layer Sandwich Shell Results
 
CQUAD4 CQUAD4 CHEXAQuantity Units NAFEMS Linear
PSHLN1PCOMPLS
at Cin-0.123-0.123-0.122-0.122at Ckpsi34.4534.02934.21233.932at Ckpsi13.9313.29413.16713.406at Ekpsi-5.07-5.040-5.006-5.020
u
 z
11
22
12
 
MD Demonstration ProblemsCHAPTER 8
122
Introduction
This problem demonstrates the ability to model pressure loading of a square composite three layer sandwich flat shell.Stresses and displacements are calculated and compared to a reference solution.
Requested Solutions
Stresses and displacements are calculated at the surface of the composite three layer sandwich flat shell in MD Nastran.This test is recommended by the National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards (NAFEMS): TestR0031/3 from NAFEMS publication R0031, “Composites Benchmarks”, February 1995.
FEM Solution
A numerical solution has been obtained with MD Nastran’s SOL 400 for the configuration shown inFigure8-1. Theplate consists of three layers, a core layer and two face sheets covering this layer. Thicknesses of the layers are showninFigure8-1. Only one quarter of the part is analyzed with the appropriate symmetry boundary conditions, and thetwo edges on the boundary of the plate are fixed. The three layers are modeled using the
PCOMP
entry, where thethickness of both layers is 0.028 in.
PCOMP 1 0. 0.1 .028 0. YES 2 .75 0. YES1 .028 0. YES
Figure8-1 Three-layer Sandwich Shell under Normal Pressure Loading
Each lamina is modeled as one layer in the composite. The materials for the face sheets and core have the followingorthotropic properties:
uniform normalpressureCEA1010yxsimply supportedon all four edges0.0280.7500.028zface sheetface sheetxall dimensions in inchescore

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