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UNHCR Thailand-Myanmar Cross-Border Bulletin-ENGLISH

UNHCR Thailand-Myanmar Cross-Border Bulletin-ENGLISH

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Published by Jutta Pflueg
First edition! UNHCR Thailand-Myanmar Cross-Border Bulletin. Find out the challenges and achievements of UNHCR humanitarian projects for refugees and persons of concerns. เล่มแรก วารสารการทำงานของยูเอ็นเอชซีอาร์ในประเทศไทยและพม่า

พบกับความสำเร็จและความท้าทายของยูเอ็นเอชซีอาร์ในการทำงานเพื่อมนุษยธรรม หาอ่านที่นี่ค่ะ
https://www.unhcr.or.th/th/news/general/1408
First edition! UNHCR Thailand-Myanmar Cross-Border Bulletin. Find out the challenges and achievements of UNHCR humanitarian projects for refugees and persons of concerns. เล่มแรก วารสารการทำงานของยูเอ็นเอชซีอาร์ในประเทศไทยและพม่า

พบกับความสำเร็จและความท้าทายของยูเอ็นเอชซีอาร์ในการทำงานเพื่อมนุษยธรรม หาอ่านที่นี่ค่ะ
https://www.unhcr.or.th/th/news/general/1408

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Published by: Jutta Pflueg on Jul 29, 2013
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09/03/2013

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Thailand Protection: Challenges and Achievements
one
A Protection database on UnaccompaniedMinors and Separated Children has been setup, coupled with inter-agency MonitoringMechanisms for Child Protection
Over 220,000 persons fleeing violencehave been admitted to safety since 1984© Chanchai W.
UNHCR and protection partners have accompanied Myanmar refugees over decades ofdisplacement. The impact of protection activities on the well-being of refugees has beensubstantial even though more remains to be done and a durable solution for some 128,000persons need to be secured.
Access to Safety and Services
The Royal Thai Government has providedthose fleeing armed conflict and persecutionwith access to safety and humanitarianassistance in nine Temporary Shelters orcamps along its border with Myanmar. TheProvincial Admissions Boards (PABs) ofwhich UNHCR is a member, determine theasylum claims of those cases presented toit, and to-date over 102,000 refugees havebeen registered by the Ministry of Interiorand UNHCR.O
cial registration by PABs howeverstopped in 2006. Access to servicesincluding food, shelter, health and educationis assured by NGOs to all 128,000 residentsof the nine camps, irrespective of whetherthey have been formally registered or not.Following UNHCR advocacy e
orts toensure family unity and family reunification,the Royal Thai Government agreed that thePABs re-convene to consider theapplications of unregistered refugeeswhose immediate family members wereunder resettlement process or havealready been resettled abroad. These so-called ‘Fast Track’ PABs are alsoconsidering unregistered individuals whohave serious protection concerns or su
erfrom an urgent medical condition thatcannot be treated in Thailand, so thatresettlement is also a
orded to them as adurable solution.
Locations of Refugee TemporaryShelters along the border
 
two
Dignity in Exile
UNHCR ensures that focused attention isprovided to the most vulnerable members ofthe refugee community, this includesunaccompanied, separated or neglectedchildren, female headed households, andunaccompanied older persons, persons withdisabilities or persons with a gender identitynot recognized by the community. Inpartnership with both international NGOs andcommunity-based organizations, UNHCR hasestablished projects to address gender-basedviolence (GBV) through prevention andresponse interventions as well as monitoringand reporting mechanisms on issues such aschild protection. UNHCR also providesprotection training to the refugees andhumanitarian workers in the nine camps.Birth registration constitutes a priority need forrefugees. According to the 2008 CivilRegistration Act of Thailand, all children bornon Thai territory are entitled to a birthcertificate. Following discussions, the RoyalThai Government extended the implementationof the act to refugee children. SinceSeptember 2010, over 6,000 birth certificateshave been issued in the refugee camps, andthe backlog of those children born in thecamps before 2010 but not yet provided a birthcertificate is slowly being addressed. E
ortsneed to continue so that children have anexistence before the law in Thailand but also intheir country of return or resettlement.It is important that refugees have full access tothe Thai justice system and are able to availthemselves of the protection of Thai law insituations when crimes are committed againstthem. A program of Access to Justice wasestablished with the IRC Legal Aid Centerswhich provide the option for refugees to seek justice through Thai law, if they so wish. This,for example, is particularly important forsurvivors of gender-based violence (GBV) whomay prefer to settle their case outside thecamp boundaries to avoid stigmatization andto ensure a judgment proportionate to theseverity of the crime committed.
Access to Thai Justice madepossible.
© A. Tyler
Child Protection Framework in place.
Awareness, prevention and responseto GBV in place.
Since 2010, birth registrationfor over 6,000 refugees born inthe camps.
 
three
Resettlement
POGESS in 2013
as o 30 June
Submissions
 
5,793
 
Departures
 
3,980
First family members admitted under the Fast Track PAB have been resettled in May.
USA initiatives rolling announcement for closures of group resettlement programme.The programme is now closed in 5 locations: Tham Hin, Ban Don Yang, Mae La, Nupo and Umpiem.Resettlement referrals will continue on an individual basis.
075001500022500300002005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
 
SubmissionsDepartures
Total
 
number
 
of 
 
departures
 
from
 
2005
 
-
 
2012
79,544
 Japan
45
Australia
7,872
New
 
Zealand
687
Sweden
843
Finland
1,373
Czech
 
Rep
.
23
Norway
1,025
 
United
 
Kingdom
 
220
Ireland
90
NetherlandsCanada
397
4,220
United
 
States
62,748
Destinations for Myanmar Refugees 2005-2012
UNHCR actively worked with the Royal Thai Government and interested countries to identify solutionsfor refugees who wished to resettle abroad. More than 83,000 refugees from the nine camps have beenable to start a new life in 14 countries. Resettlement also constituted a protection option for refugeesfacing a compelling medical situation or who were exposed to a particular protection risk in Thailand,such as survivors of GBV.
Realizing Solutions
Since 2005, close to two-thirds of the original refugee population has been able to start a new life in a country of resettlement.Since 2010, developments towards peace and reconciliation in Myanmar have led refugees to start exploring a possible futurereturn and to seek safeguards in this regard. UNHCR teams in both Thailand and Myanmar are working with refugees and otherconcerned actors to that end.

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