Not only are natural forces unable to explain theorigin of life and of intelligence, but they cannotexplain THEIR OWN ORIGIN. Take, for instance,Gravitation, the simplest and best understood of theseforces. Although its operation is so uniform and sowell known, none can tell us why a stone falls to theground, and why it falls sixteen feet in the first second.These are questions which elude utterly all scientificresearch. As we pursue them, they retire into theUnseen, and thus point to their origin. NaturalScience does but tabulate phenomena in their coexistence and sequence. It does nothing whatever totrace them to their ultimate source. To do this, is thetask of Theology. It thus enters and pursues a pathopened for it by man s observation of nature and bythe more careful researches of Natural Science, andseeks a goal to which Natural Science can never lead.Nor can natural forces explain the ORIGIN OFMOTION. For the forces inherent in matter, such asgravitation and chemical affinity, tend always towardsequilibrium and rest. The various movements in theworld to-day reveal some primal impulse acting ina direction different from that of the inherent forces.That first impulse, whether or not it was simultaneouswith the creation of matter, marks off what may becalled the first moment of time. It cannot beaccounted for by any of the known forces of the universe around us. Therefore, like the universe itself with its inherent forces, and like the origin of life, itreveals the operation of a higher Power.LECT. II.] THE VISIBLE AND THE INVISIBLE. 15Our study of the material world leads us one stepfurther. All observation assures us that the variousnatural forces are closely related. Indeed their harmony suggests that they are but various forms of someone mysterious force. From the manifest unity of nature we infer with confidence that its SOURCE is ONE.And that Source must be higher and better than thehighest derived from it.Another phenomenon demands attention. Whilewe contemplate the beauty of the universe and studythe wonderful adaptation of its parts, their exhaustlessvariety, and their profound unity, the eye which contemplates gains immensely in clearness and penetrationand width of view. The visible world is a great lessonbook spread out before us. And the lessons it teachesDEVELOP THE INTELLIGENCE that learns them, andthus give to human life ever-increasing pleasure andworth. So wonderful and important is this development that it cannot be accidental. The value of thelesson reveals the presence 01 a Teacher infinitely wise.Man s own thoughts about nature suggest irresistiblythat nature itself is a realisation of still higher thought.In other words, the effect of nature on man s intelligence proves, in agreement with our previous inference,that the Author of nature is Himself intelligent.It is now evident that the visible universe is notcomplete in itself, but is only a PART OF A LARGERWHOLE. For it fails utterly to account for itself ; andthus points to a source other than itself. This Sourcemust be in every respect superior to everything derived16 PRELIMINARIES. [PART I.