truth." This he supports by appealing to the " OneGod and One Mediator of God and men who gaveHimself a ransom for all." Similarly in ch. iv. 10 :" Saviour of all men, especially of believers." Christ isa Saviour specially of believers, because in them isactually accomplished His purpose of salvation. And,that He is called Saviour of all men, implies that Hispurpose of salvation embraced all men. In the samesense, in Titus ii. 1 1 the grace of God is said to be" saving towards all men " : crwrtipios Traviv avOpooTrow.These last words, all men, found also in Rom. v. 12, 18,I Tim. ii. I, 4, iv. 10, are much more definite thantheir English equivalent ; and include conspicuously theentire race.The same universal purpose of salvation is clearlystated in the words of Jesus recorded in the FourthGospel. In John iii. 16, 17 the Teacher from Goddeclares that God s gift of His only-begotten Son wasprompted by love to " the world," and that its aim wasthat " every one who believes in Him may have eternallife," that thus " the world may be saved through Him."The Son will give His flesh " for the life of the world : "ch. vi. 51. He came that He "might save the world :"ch. xii. 47. In ch. i. 29 the Baptist teaches that Christis "the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of theworld." Consequently, in i John iv. 14 He is calledthe " Saviour of the world." Still more definitely, inch. ii. 2, " He is the propitiation for our sins, and notfor ours only but for all the world." These passages,LECT. XXIII.] FOR WHOM DID CHRIST DIE? 209like those quoted above from the pen of Paul, implyclearly that God s purpose of salvation through thedeath of Christ embraced all men, and that consequentlythey who perish do so not because they were excludedby God from His purpose of salvation but simply andonly because they refused the offered salvation.Against the above there is in the Bible nothing tosetIn Eph. v. 25, Acts xx. 28 we read that Christ lovedthe Church and gave Himself for it, and purchased itwith His own blood. In John x. 11, 15 Christ declaresthat He was about to lay down His life for the sheep ;and in ch. xv. 13 He compares His love for His disciples to that of a man who lays down his life for hisfriends. In ch. xi. 52 we are told that He was aboutto die in order that the scattered sheep of God maybe gathered into one. But this limited view of thepurpose of the death of Christ by no means contradictsthe universal purpose stated in the passages quotedabove. Indeed, the limited and the unlimited aspectsof the purpose of salvation are stated together inI John ii. 2, iv. 9, 14, I Tim. iv. 10. In His eternalpurpose of salvation Christ foresaw its accomplishmentin the actual salvation of so many as He foresawwould accept salvation. These were therefore in aspecial sense the objects of His purpose. But, inasmuch as God resolved to bring to bear on all meninfluences which if yielded to will lead each one tosalvation, both Christ and Paul speak of the purposeof salvation as universal.210 THE DEATH OF CHRIST. [PART III.