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Qur'an and Its Sciences

Qur'an and Its Sciences

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Published by: Sajid on May 21, 2009
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What is the secret of the number 7 and its multiples in the Holy Qur’aanand Sunnah? What is the secret of the number 7 in the Qur’aan andhadeeth?.
Praise be to Allaah.Undoubtedly the Qur’aan is miraculous, and there are many facets to its miraculousnature, such as linguistic, legislative, and so on. Its challenge to mankind and the jinn to produce something similar to it still stands. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):“Say: If the mankind and the jinn were together to produce the like of this Qur’aan, theycould not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another”[al-Isra’ 17:88].Ibn al-Qayyim discussed the number 7 in his book Zaad al-Ma’aad fi Huda Khayr al-‘Ibaad (4/90) when he discussed the hadeeth in al-Saheehayn: “The one who eats sevendates of al-‘Aaliyah in the morning will not be harmed that day by poison or witchcraft.”He said: As for specifying the number seven, it has to do with the creation and sahr’icommands of Allaah. Allaah created seven heavens, seven earths and seven days, andman’s creation is completed in seven stages; Allaah has prescribed that His slaves shouldwalk around the Ka’bah seven times (tawaaf) and go back and forth between Safa andMarwah seven times (saa’i), and stone the jamaraat with seven pebbles each, and thetakbeeraat of Eid are seven in the first rak’ah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Instruct your children to pray when they are seven.” When the boyreaches the age of seven he should be given the choice between his parents according toone report, and according to another report, his father has more right to him than hismother; according to a third report his mother has more right to him. When he was sick,the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered that water from sevenskins be poured on him. Allaah sent the wind against the people of ‘Aad for seven days.The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) asked Allaah to help him bysending upon his people seven (years) like the seven years of Yoosuf – i.e., seven years of famine. Allaah likened the reward of one who gives charity to a grain that produces sevenears, in each of which are one hundred grains. The number of ears of grain seen by thecompanion of Yoosuf (in the dream) was seven, the number of years for which they werecultivated was seven, and (the reward for charity) is multiplied seven hundred fold or more. Seventy thousand of this ummah will be admitted to Paradise without being brought to account.Then Ibn al-Qayyim commented: Undoubtedly this number has some special qualitiesthat are not shared by other numbers. … Allaah knows best about His wisdom, laws anddecree in singling out this number. End quote.Based on this, the correct view is to refrain from indulging in discussion of the reasonwhy this number is singled out for mention, except on the basis of clear, sound evidence.For more information please see the answer to question no. 69741.And Allaah knows best.Islam Q&A All Rights Reserved for IslamQA© 1997-2008 : 138.57Ruling on Musaajalah with Qur’aanic verses (i.e., where a person who has memorizedQur’aan is asked to quote a verse starting with the letter with which another verse ended)
What is the ruling on the musajalah of the Qura’anic verses in order toremember the verses and to fill the time with something of value? It isnot meant by it to belittle Allah’s verses.
Praise be to Allaah.There is nothing wrong with using means that help one to remember and properlymemorize the Holy Qur’aan, such as competitions and testing those who have memorizedit, and paying attention to verses that sound similar, rather these are things that arerecommended (mustahabb), because they reinforce one’s memorization and help with it.That includes what is called musaajalah, where a verse is recited to the hafiz then he isasked to recite a verse that starts with the letter with which the first verse ended.And Allaah knows best.Islam Q&AAll Rights Reserved for IslamQA© 1997-2008 : 121.41
The meaning of the hadeeth “ ‘Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad” is equivalentto one-third of the Qur’aan”
Answer #4156 item#2then there is no need to learn the entire quraan or to even read it during ramadaan,etc allyou have to do is to read sura Ikhlas.I think you made a mistake.Sura Ikhlas is thesubstance of 1/3 of the quraan.it is amazing to believe that reading the sura Iklas 3 timeswill give you the blessing of reading the ENTIRE quraan,then there is no point readingthe entire Quraan.Praise be to Allaah.Firstly: there follow some of the ahaadeeth narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which state that Soorat al-Ikhlaas (Qul Huwa AllaahuAhad) is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’aan.Al-Bukhaari (6643) narrated from Abu Sa’eed that a man heard another man reciting QulHuwa Allaahu Ahad and repeating it. The next morning he came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him about that. The manthought that it was too little, but the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, it is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’aan.”Muslim (811) narrated from Abu’l-Dardaa’ that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Is any one of you unable to recite one-third of the Qur’aan inone night?” They said, “How could anyone read one-third of the Qur’aan?” He said, “QulHuwa Allaahu Ahad is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’aan.”Muslim (812) narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Gather together, for I will recite to you one-thirdof the Qur’aan.” So those who could gather together gathered there, then the Prophet of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out and recited Qul HuwaAllaahu Ahad, then he went in. They said to one another, Perhaps there has been somenews from heaven on account of which he has gone inside (the house). Then the Prophetof Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came out and said, “I told you thatI was going to recite to you one-third of the Qur’aan. Verily it is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’aan.”Secondly: The bounty of Allaah is immense, and Allaah has bestowed His bounty uponthis ummah and has made up for its short life span by giving it more reward for simpledeeds. It is strange that with some people, instead of this motivating them to do more
good, this makes them apathetic and lazy in doing acts of worship, or they feel that this bounty and reward is strange and farfetched.
With regard to the meaning of the hadeeth:There is a difference between jaza’ (reward) and ijza’ (what is sufficient). What is makingthe brother confused is that he does not see the difference between them.Jaza’ means the reward which Allaah gives for obeying Him.Ijza’ means what is sufficient and takes the place of something else.Reciting Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad brings a reward equivalent to reciting one-third of theQur’aan, but it does not take the place of reading one-third of the Qur’aan.If a person vows – for example – to read one-third of the Qur’aan, it is not sufficient for him to read Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad, because it is equivalent to one-third of the Qur’aanin reward, but not in terms of being sufficient or taking the place of reading one-third of the Qur’aan.The same may be said of reciting it three times. If a person recites it three times in his prayer, that does not mean that he does not have to recite al-Faatihah, even though he will be given the reward of reciting the whole Qur’aan.A similar example is the reward given by the Lawgiver to one who offers a single prayer in the Sanctuary of Makkah, and that he will have the reward of one hundred thousand prayers. Does anyone take this divine bounty to means that he does not have to pray for decades because he offered a single prayer in the Haram that is equivalent to one hundredthousand prayers?Rather this has to do with reward; as for what is sufficient, that is another matter altogether.Moreover, none of the scholars has ever said that there is no need for us to read theQur’aan or that Qul Huwa Allaah Ahad is sufficient and takes the place of that. Thecorrect scholarly view is that this soorah has this great virtue because the Qur’aan dealswith three topics: one-third for rulings, one-third for promises and warnings, and one-
third for the Divine names and attributes.This soorah combines names and attributes.This is the view of Abu’l-‘Abbaas ibn Surayj, and Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah statedthat it was good in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 17/103. The Muslim cannot do without the two other issues, which are the rulings and the promises and warnings. His knowledge cannot be complete unless he looks at the Book of Allaah as a whole. The one who stops at Soorat al-Ikhlaas cannot know the other twomatters.Shaykh al-Islam (Ibn Taymiyah – may Allaah have mercy on him) said:Rewards are of different types, just as wealth is of different types, such as food, drink,clothing, houses, money and so on. If a man possesses one type of wealth, to the value of one thousand dinars, that does not mean that he can do without the other types. Rather if he has wealth in the form of food, he also needs clothing and a place to live, etc. Similarly
if it is a type other than money, he still needs other things. If he has nothing but money, hewill need all kinds of wealth that are usually needed. In al-Faatihah there are the benefitsof praise and du’aa’ which people need, and Qul Huwa Allaahu Ahad cannot replace it inthat sense. Although its reward is very great, he cannot benefit from it unless he alsorecites the Opening of the Book (al-Faatihah) in his prayer. Hence if a person recites onlyQul Huwa Allaahu Ahad in his prayer, without al-Faatihah, his prayer is not valid. Even if he recited the whole of the Qur’aan without al-Faatihah, his prayer would not be valid, because the al-Faatihah refers to the basic needs that people cannot do without.Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 17/131.And he said:

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