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Table Of Contents

2.6.2.1 Cerun potong
2.6.2.2 Cerun tambakan
2.6.2.3 Cerun empangan tanah
2.7 Fenomena kegagalan cerun
2.8 Pergerakan cerun
2.8.1 Runtuhan ( fall )
2.8.2 Gelinciran ( slide )
2.8.2.1 Gelinciran putaran
2.8.2.2 Gelinciran translasi / peralihan
2.8.3 Hamparan ( spread )
2.8.4 Pengaliran ( flow )
2.9.4 Geometri cerun
2.9.5 Tanaman pada cerun
2.9.6 Kesan alam semulajadi
2.9.7 Sistem saliran
2.9.8 Geologi
2.9.9 Pengaruh hakisan
2.10 Kestabilan cerun
2.10.1 Kaedah penyiasatan kestabilan cerun
2.10.2 Analisis tegasan menyeluruh
2.10.2.1 Analisis melalui kaedah hirisan Swedish
2.10.3 Analisis tegasan berkesan melalui kaedah Bishop
2.10.3.1 Analisis tegasan berkesan melalui kaedah rapi
3.1 Pendahuluan
3.2 Metodologi kajian
3.3 Pengenalan kepada perisian Microsoft Access 2003
3.4 Pengenalan kepada ‘ Slope Priority Ranking System ( SPRS ) ’
4.1 Pendahuluan
4.2 Kerja – kerja perlindungan cerun
4.2.1 Kaedah tanaman litup bumi
4.2.1.1 Kaedah rumput vetiver
Rajah 4.1 : Rumput Vetiver yang tumbuh semulajadi
4.2.1.2 Kaedah fibromatting dan hydroseeding
4.2.1.3 Kaedah kepingan rumput berkelompok dan rapat
4.2.2 Kaedah pitching
4.2.3 Kaedah penyemburan mortar dan konkrit
4.2.4 Kaedah penghadang konkrit
Rajah 4.8 : Rekabentuk dan cara pembinaan crib wall
Rajah 4.9 : Penggunaan crib wall di kawasan cerun
4.3 Kawalan perparitan dan saliran
4.3.1 Sistem kawalan perparitan di permukaan cerun
4.3.1.1 Sistem parit saliran dan parit pintasan
4.3.1.2 Longkang pada teresan
4.3.1.3 Longkang bertingkat
4.3.1.4 Longkang pada bahu jalan
4.3.1.5 Saliran sump
4.3.2 Sistem saliran subpermukaan
4.3.2.1 Lubang leleh dan paip mendatar
4.4 Pembinaan tembok penahan
4.4.1 Jenis – jenis tembok penahan
4.4.1.1 Tembok penahan graviti
4.4.1.2 Tembok penahan julur
4.4.1.3 Tembok cerucuk keping
Rajah 4.13 : Tindak balas pada tembok cerucuk keping
4.4.1.4 Tembok gabion
4.4.2.1 Lubang lelehan
4.4.2.2 Salir belakang
4.4.2.3 Jalur tegak bahan penuras
4.4.2.4 Selimut penyaliran tegak
4.4.2.5 Selimut penyaliran mencondong
Rajah 4.20 : Selimut penyaliran mencondong
4.4.3.1 Kegagalan keupayaan galas
4.4.3.2 Gelangsaran ke hadapan
4.4.3.3 Gelinciran tanah di sekeliling
4.4.3.4 Putaran terhadap bahagian atas
Rajah 4.24 : Putaran terhadap bahagian atas
4.4.3.5 Terbalikan
4.4.3.6 Kegagalan struktur
4.5 Kesimpulan
5.1 Pengenalan
5.2 Pengumpulan data dan analisis teknikal
5.3 Pembangunan ‘ Slope Priority Ranking System ( SPRS ) ’
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50459428-kegagalan-cerun

50459428-kegagalan-cerun

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Published by Barizah Basri
kegagalan. geografi. pbs. 2013
kegagalan. geografi. pbs. 2013

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categoriesTypes, Research
Published by: Barizah Basri on Jul 30, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/26/2013

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