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MS-1 Part 3 - Wright Family Photograph Collection

MS-1 Part 3 - Wright Family Photograph Collection

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Published by: Stargazer on Jul 30, 2013
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04/08/2014

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PART III
WRIGHT FAMILY PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION
 This series includes many original photographic prints made by the Wrights fromtheir own negatives shortly after the images were taken. The Wrights exposed atleast 303 gelatin dry plate negatives in the course of documenting their processof invention. All of their glass plate negatives were given to the Library of Congress in 1949, but many of their original prints remained with the Estate of Orville Wright. Many of the Wright Brothers’ original negatives were damaged inDayton’s great flood of 1913, when they were submerged for up to four days. TheWright State University collection includes some images for which no negativesexist at the Library of Congress and so many of these prints are unique. Inaddition, this collection includes hundreds of prints collected by the Wrightsthrough their association with other aviation pioneers such as Octave Chanute,and a great variety of aeronautical prints either collected by them, or sent to themby well-wishers through the years. While the major prints exist in bothcollections, both the Wright State University collection and the Wright collectionin the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress contain manyimages that are unique to each collection.Wilbur and Orville Wright began photographing their experiences on the OuterBanks using a 4 x 5 inch dry plate camera. In 1902 they purchased a Koronaview camera which used 5 x 7 inch dry plates. They developed their negativesand made prints in the darkroom they set up at their home in Dayton. The sizesof the early prints tend to follow the original negative size suggesting that theywere created as contact prints. The fact that the Wrights’ glass negatives were damaged in 1913 provides ameans to attribute a date range for those prints showing activities at Kitty Hawkand Huffman Prairie between 1900 and 1905. In this listing, prints made from theWright negatives before the 1913 flood, which show no damage, are describedas
early
. Those older prints showing the extensive post flood emulsion damagecharacteristic of the negatives in their present condition, are described as
later 
. There are also a number of much later copy prints made on photographic papersin use between the 1930’s and the 1970’s. These are generally described as
recent
or
modern
. The Wright Brothers personal photographic record of their process of invention,and the great achievement represented by their early Flyers, is contained here inboxes 15 and 16. The images in boxes 17 through 31 are, with exceptions, thosethat were collected (rather than made) by Wright Family members over thecourses of their lives. This collection is a premier resource for archival images of the pioneering yearsof flight.
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Series 1
HOME, BICYCLE SHOP, LABORATORY, WIND TUNNEL, AND AIR FOILSBox 15, File 1: Orville Wright’s laboratory, Hawthorn Street, and the bicycleshop
1. Orville Wright’s laboratory at 15 North Broadway, Dayton, c.a. 1930. Sent toO.W. in July 1944 by H.R. Lookabill. Orville’s Franklin Brougham automobileis parked outside.2. Laboratory, closer front view, c.a. 1930.3. Wright family home installed at Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village,Dearborn, Mich. Corner view. Image taken September 7, 1947.4. The Wright home installed at Greenfield Village. Front view. September 7,1947.5. The Wright home at 7 Hawthorn Street, Dayton, about 1900.6. The Wright home at 7 Hawthorn Street, Dayton, about 1897.7. View of Hawthorn Street showing the Wright home (second from right) duringDayton’s great flood, March 1913.8. The Webbert Building at 1127 West Third Street, Dayton, including the WrightCycle Company shop and the neighboring Keller and Cramner, undertakers.Circa 1909.9. Retouched print of the same image of the Webbert Building, 1909.10.The Webbert Building, home of the Wright Cycle Co. shop, installed at HenryFord Museum and Greenfield Village, Dearborn, Mich. Image taken and sentto O.W. by Karl B. Mills of Dayton, 1944.11.The Wright Cycle Co. shop (Webbert Building) at Henry Ford Museum andGreenfield Village. Image taken by “Dr. Knudtzen” and sent to O.W. in 1947.12.Side view of the Wright Cycle Co. shop taken about 1927-1930 by H.R.Lookabill. Image includes a gentleman, possibly Orville Wright, with twoyoung boys who may be his nephews, watching construction on a site next tothe shop.
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Box 15, File 1: Orville Wright’s laboratory, Hawthorn Street, and the bicycleshop continued…
13.Rear angle view of outbuildings behind the Wright Cycle Co. shop in Dayton.Unknown photographer, about 1930.14.Rear view of the Wright Cycle Co. shop in Dayton, prior to its removal toGreenfield Village.15.Interior view of the Wright Cycle Company shop showing men working atlathes producing Wright airplane parts and engines, Summer 1910. See 3139 for best quality enlargement.16.Interior view of the Wright Cycle Co. shop showing Wilbur Wright at work.About 1897. Early copy print. Usually attributed to Orville Wright.17.Interior view of the Wright Cycle Co. shop showing Wilbur Wright at workabout 1897. Mounted original print. Usually attributed to Orville Wright.18.Interior view of the Wright Cycle Co. shop showing Orville Wright (left) andEdwin Sines at work. About 1897. Usually attributed to Wilbur Wright.19.Interior view showing a corner of the parlor room and hearth of the Wrighthome at 7 Hawthorn Street, about 1897. Print is from a copy negativenumbered 22418 from an unknown source.20.Distant view of the Wright home and bicycle shop installed at Henry FordMuseum and Greenfield Village. About 1938.21.View looking south on Hawthorn Street about 1910. The Wright home issecond from the right. Image taken by Paul Thompson, New York City.
Box 15, File 2: Wright 1901 wind tunnel reproductions
1. Ford’s replicaof the Wright 1901 wind tunnel taken at Wright Field (Wright-Patterson Air Force Base), April 1939. Copy print made 1948. Front (intake)view.2. Side view of wind tunnel reproduction made by the U.S. Army Air Corps forexhibit in the restored Wright Cycle Co. shop at Greenfield Village, Dearborn,Mich.3. Side view of the National Cash Register reproduction of the 1901 wind tunnel,1949.4. Side view of the Greenfield Village wind tunnel reproduction.
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