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Table Of Contents

Actuator Disc Modelling
2.1 The Actuator Disc Principle
2.1.1 Annular Streamtubes - The Blade Element Momentum method
2.1.2 Aerodynamic Blade Forces
3.1 TheΨ−ω Formulation of the Navier-Stokes Equations
3.1.1 Numerical Implementation
3.2 The Constant Loaded Rotor Disc
3.2.1 Numerical Results
3.2.2 Grid Sensitivity
3.3 Simulation on Real Rotors - Tip Correction
3.3.1 Computation using LM 19.1m Blade Data
4.1.2 Blade Forces
4.2 Aerodynamic Modelling - Momentum Balance
4.2.1 A Modified BEM Method
4.2.2 The Actuator Disc Model - Applying Forces
4.3 Numerical Results for the Coned Rotor 25
4.3 Numerical Results for the Coned Rotor
4.3.1 The Constant Loaded Rotor
4.3.2 Simulation of the Tjæreborg Wind Turbine
4.3.3 Comparison with the BEM Method for the Tjæreborg Wind Tur- bine
4.4 Summary
The Yawed Rotor
5.1 Yaw Modelling
5.1.1 3D Geometry and Kinematics
5.1.2 Projection of Velocities
5.1.3 Blade Forces
5.1.4 Sub Models
5.2 Numerical Results for the Yawed Rotor
5.3 Summary
Modelling of Tunnel Blockage
6.1 Axial Momentum Theory
6.1.1 Actuator Disc Method
6.2 Navier-Stokes Computations
6.2.1 The Constant Loaded Rotor
6.2.2 Simulation of the LM 19.1m Blade
6.3 Summary
Actuator Line Modelling
The Actuator Line Model
7.1 The Flow Solver - EllipSys3D
7.2 Numerical Formulation
7.2.1 Blade Forces and Tip Correction
7.3 Determinations of Velocities
7.4 Distribution of Forces
3D Simulations - Numerical Results
8.1 Steady Computations
8.1.1 2D-3D Regularization and Tip Correction
8.1.2 Simulation of the Tjæreborg
8.2 The Coned Rotor
8.3 The Yawed Rotor
8.3.1 Discussion
8.4 Tunnel Blockage
Miscellaneous Investigations
The Heavily Loaded Actuator Disc
9.1 A Distributed Wake Method
9.1.1 Numerical Method
9.1.2 The Axially Loaded Rotor - Constant Loading
9.2 Numerical Results - The Axially Loaded Rotor
9.3 Distributed Wake Method - Numerical Results
The Influence of Pressure Forces
10.1 Expanding Stream Tubes
11.2 Inverse Computation of the Tip Correction Using the Actuator Line Model
11.3 Numerical sensitivity - The 2 Bladed Rotor
11.4 Tip correction - The 2 Bladed Rotor
11.4.1 Uncertainty About Accuracy
11.5 A Lifting Line Model for a Finite Wing with an Elliptic loading
Conclusions and Future Work
Derivation of the Governing Equations for the Actuator Disc
A.1 The Vorticity Transport Equation in Rotational Form
A.2 The ConservativeVorticity Transport Equation
A.3 The Conservative Azimuthal Velocity Transport Equation 91
A.3 The Conservative Azimuthal Velocity Transport Equa- tion
A.4 The Poisson Equation
A.5 The Pressure Equation 93
A.5 The Pressure Equation
A.6 The Heavily Loaded Actuator Disc
Sub Models
B.1 Elastic Model - A Modal Method
B.1.1 Structural Blade Damping
B.1.2 Integration of Structural Loads
B.2 Tower
B.3 Dynamic Stall 101
B.3 Dynamic Stall
B.4 Wind Shear
B.5 Runge-Kutta-Nystrøm Method 103
B.5 Runge-Kutta-NystrømMethod
Thrust and Power Coefficients for the Coned Rotor
Bibliography
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Actuator Disk

Actuator Disk

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Published by Giorgio Riva
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Published by: Giorgio Riva on Jul 30, 2013
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12/29/2013

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