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Lucknow Development Plan (shahid)

Lucknow Development Plan (shahid)

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09/04/2012

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Feedback Ventures Pvt. Ltd.
 August 14, 2006
Submitted 
Government of Uttar Pradesh 
City Development PlanLucknow
 
 
Executive Summary 
 
Lucknow City Development Plan 2006 
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The preparation of the CDP for Lucknow has been undertaken in the context of the JNNURM. AlthoughLucknow formally qualifies for JNNURM funding for being a state capital, it also is a million plus city andhas a rich heritage. The CDP offers a city assessment, a vision for the future development of the city anda three pronged strategy: infrastructure and service delivery improvement; basic services to the urbanpoor and institutional and governance reforms. The process of Lucknow’s CDP formulation was through aseries of stakeholder consultations, one on one interactions with key departments, selected functionariesand stakeholders and analysis of secondary information.
Economy and Demography
Lucknow is the capital of India’s most populous state and is surrounded by a number of small towns. Thecity has seen a steady increase in population arising from natural growth, the incorporation of peri urbanareas in the 1980’s and migration. The Master Plan 2001 estimates the population at 4.5 million.The service sector forms the main economic base of the city. Lucknow is also an important educationcentre, especially for primary and secondary education (relative to higher education), and houses anumber of research and development institutions. The state of infrastructure is one of several constraintsthat prevents the city from achieving its economic potential.
Physical Characteristics
Lucknow has witnessed a radial growth – greater along the Faizabad Road and the Trans Gomti area andin recent years, the city is witnessing a real estate boom with a large number of private developersentering the market. The latter has not been factored into the Master Plan – the formal basis forGovernment panning. Estimates of infrastructure requirements and population projections are thereforelikely to be conservative.The position of the City as the only large urban centre amidst a number of small towns in the surroundingdistricts makes it an attractive destination for job seekers and people in need of education and healthfacilities. One of the features of the city’s growth has been an increase in the number of slums butdisagreements about the definition of slums and about data hamper efforts to address service deliverychallenges in these areas.
Status of Infrastructure
Infrastructure development has not been commensurate with the growth of the city and there areproblems confronting the city in terms of access and coverage in key infrastructure sectors – watersupply, sewerage, housing, drainage, and transport. Overall service levels are inadequate and thesituation is worse for the urban poor.
a) Water Supply
Aside from water resource issues such as pollution of the River Gomti and the declining quality ofgroundwater, Lucknow carries a burden of old infrastructure and the absence of metering makes itdifficult to estimate costs and leakages. Information about assets in physical and functional terms isalso inadequate. Overlapping institutional roles make it difficult to hold the institutions clearlyaccountable.
b) Sewerage and Sanitation
Lucknow has seen no major investment in sewage infrastructure after the proposals in the 1948Sewage Master Plan. Taking into consideration the service latrines, latrines discharging into nallas,
 
 
Executive Summary 
 
Lucknow City Development Plan 2006 
 
ii 
existing public toilets and open defecation about 40% of the population do not have access toadequate sanitation. Informal sewers connecting a few households and discharging into nearbyopen drains are also seen. The existing main network therefore is for the most part not able tohandle additional load leading to the sullage being discharged directly into the River Gomti. In manyplaces the sewers have been choked by the disposal of solid waste in them as well asencroachment in sections. This does not allow complete cleaning of the network and aggravatesthe problem of discharge.The lack of current data and information on assets severely impacts planning. While in the newlydeveloped and developing areas, networks are being provided by developers, coordination with thestate planning process is tenous.
c) Drainage
While in general, the City is well drained, there are local pockets of water logging especially inareas where the carrying capacity of the drains has been reduced either due to encroachment orblockage. Such flooding has been observed in Hazratganj crossing and at Mawaiya Bridgecrossing almost each year during rains. In the newly developed areas, while the developer isresponsible for the provision of internal surface water drainage, the linking of these drains to thelarger local drains and nallahs is neglected, causing waterlogging problems at some places.Maintenance of drains is ‘reactive’ with the common practice to desilt the drains and dump thesludge near the edge of the drains to dry out before lifting. In practice, sludge either gets blownaway or ends up in open drains.
d) Solid Waste Management
The present solid waste management system is not synchronized. There are some pockets wheredoor-to-door collection has been introduced largely on the initiative of the local residents; there isno system of collection, transportation and disposal nullifies efforts at the household level. Thenumbers of existing waste depots are inadequate for the quantum of waste generated and are alsolocated far from the city, which encourages indiscriminate dumping. Behavioural patterns posehealth risks and therefore pose health risks for those working in this sector as well as residentsliving around waste depots. The indiscriminate dumping results in garbage finding its way back intosewers and contributing to their choking.
e) Transportation
The road network and public transportation system has not kept pace. Additionally, there has beena dramatic rise in vehicles. There is therefore heavy congestion of the existing network, severeparking problems especially in the market areas and along the main thoroughfares. Newlydeveloped outlying areas are not well connected with the other parts of the city. The present systemresults in huge time delays. The critical areas that need attention are designing an efficient publictransport system, enhancing the road network, and enhancing parking systems. The CDPrecommends that the city should focus on an efficient bus transport system in the short term. Adetailed feasibility study should also be undertaken for a comprehensive multi modal mass rapidtransport system such that overall transportation efficiency increases in the long run.
Institutional Arrangements
There are multiple agencies responsible for urban governance and provision and management ofinfrastructure and services. While, the Lucknow Nagar Nigam (LNN), Lucknow Jal Sansthan (LJS),Lucknow Development Authority (LDA) and UP Jal Nigam (UPJN) are the key urban service providers,other agencies include the Housing Board, Central and State Public Works Departments (CPWD andPWD), Transport Department, Industries Department and the Department of Environment. There is

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