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Comedy Film

Comedy Film

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Comedy film
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected fromComedy movies
 
)Jump to:navigation, search
Comedy film
is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is onhumor . Also, films in this style typically have a happy ending. One of the oldest genres in film, some of thevery first silent movies were comedies. Comedy, unlike other  film genres, puts much more focus on individual stars, with many former stand-up comics transitioning to the film industry due to their popularity. While many comedic films are lighthearted storieswith no intent other than to amuse, others contain political or social commentary (such as
 and 
 
).
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[edit] Types
Acomedy of mannersfilm satirises the manners and affectations of a social class, oftenrepresented by stock characters. The plot of the comedy is often concerned with an illicitlove affair or some other scandal. However, the plot is generally less important than itswitty dialogue. This form of comedy has a long ancestry, dating back at least as far as
by William Shakespeare. In a "fish out of water"-style comedy, the main character (or characters) finds himself inan unusual environment, which drives most of the humor. Situations can be swappinggender roles, as in
(1982); an age changing role, as in
(1988); a freedom-loving individual fitting into a structured environment, as in 
(1984); arural backwoodsman in the big city, as in
, and so forth.
 
A parody or spoof filmis a comedy that satirizes other film genres or classic films. Suchfilms employ sarcasm, stereotyping, mockery of scenes from other films, and theobviousness of meaning in a character's actions. Examples of this form include
(1974),
(1980), and
(1974).Theanarchic comedy film uses nonsensical, stream-of-consciousness humor which often lampoons some form of authority. Films of this nature stem from a theatrical history of anarchic comedy on the stage. Well-known films of this sub-genre include 
(1933),
(1978) and
(1975).The black comedyfilm deals with normallytaboosubjects, including, death, murder, suicide and war, in a satirical manner. Examples include 
(1944),
(1947),
(1949),
(1955),
(1964),
(1965),
(1970),
(1983), 
(1989),
(1989), and 
(2005).Gross-out filmsare a relatively recent development, and rely heavily on vulgar, sexual or "toilet" humour. Examples include
(1982),
 (1994),
(1998), and 
(1999).Theromantic comedy sub-genre typically involves the development of a relationship  between a man and a woman. The stereotyped plot line follows the "boy-gets-girl", "boy-loses-girl", "boy gets girl back again" sequence. Naturally there are innumerable variantsto this plot, and much of the generally light-hearted comedy lies in the social interactionsand sexual tensions between the pair. Examples of this style of film include 
(1939), 
(1940),
(1954),
 (1989),
(1990), and
(1994).It was not uncommon for the early romantic comedy film to also be ascrewball comedyfilm. This form of comedy film was particularly popular during the 1930s and 1940s.There is no consensus definition of this film style, and it is often loosely applied toslapstick or romantic comedy films. Typically it can include a romantic element, aninterplay between people of different economic strata, quick and wittyrepartee, someform of role reversal, and a happy ending. Some examples of the screwball comedy are:
 (1934),
 (1938),
(1940), 
(1940), and more recently
(1972).
[edit] Hybrid genres
Action comedy
films blend comic antics and action where the film stars combinewit and one-liners with a thrilling plot and daring stunts. The genre became aspecific draw in North America in the eighties when comedians such asEddieMurphystarted taking more action oriented roles such as in 
and
 
. These type of films are often  buddy films, with mismatched partners such as in
,
and 
.slapstick  martial arts films   became a mainstay of Hong Kong action cinemathrough the work Jackie Chan  among others. It may also focus onsuperheroessuch as The Incredibles&
 Hancock.
Comedy horror
is a type of horror film in which the usual dark themes aretreated with a humorous approach. These films are either use goofy horror clichéssuch as in
, 
, 
,
and
where campy styles are favoured. Some aremuch more subtle and don't parody horror, such as
. Another style of comedy horror can also rely on over the top violence and gore such as in
(1992), 
(1981), and
. The BollywoodBlockbuster "Bhool Bhulaiya" was yet another example.
Fantasy comedy
films are types of films that usesmagic, supernaturaland or  mythological figures for comic purposes. Most fantasy comedy includes anelement of parody, or satire, turning many of the fantasy conventions on their head such as the hero becoming a cowardly fool, the princess being a klutz.Examples of these films include
,
, 
,
 and 
.
Sci-fi comedy
films, like most hybrid genre of comedy use the elements of science fiction films to over the top extremes and exaggerated science fictionstereotypical characters. Popular examples of these types of films include 
,
, 
,
, 
,
, and 
.
[edit] History
[edit] 1895–1930
Comedic films began to appear in significant numbers during the era of silent films,roughly 1895 to 1930. The visual humor of these silent films relied on slapstick and burlesque. A very early comedy short was
(1895) by theLumière brothers. In American film, the most prominent comic actors of the silent era wereCharlie Chaplin (although born in England, his success was principally in the U.S.),Buster Keatonand Harold Lloyd. In his native France and throughout the world,Max Linder was a major comic feature and might qualify as the first true film star.A popular trend during the 1920s and afterward was comedy in the form of animatedcartoons. Several popular characters of the period received the cartoon treatment. Amongthese wereFelix the Cat,Krazy Kat, andBetty Boop. Comedy film is a genre of film in which the main emphasis is on humor. Also, films in this style typically have a happyending. One of the oldest genres in film, some of the very first silent movies werecomedies. Comedy, unlike other film genres, puts much more focus on individual stars,

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