The Cold War at Home
1. 1949 – the leader of the Conservative Party tried to make the spread of communism, or the
– the term used to describe the Soviets– an issue. He accused the government of keeping communists in the civilservice.2. Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent refused to outlaw communism, stating thatthis was a tactic of dictatorships, not democracies.3. Union leaders who fought for better conditions for workers came undersuspicion of being communists. Defence industries secretly sent lists of their employees to Ottawa for screening. Workers suspected of communistsympathies found themselves dismissed for no apparent reason.4. In Quebec, Premier Maurice Duplessis took a strong stand againstcommunism.
Police raided offices and private homes searching for “revolutionary”material.
was used to shut down suspected organizations andnewspapers.
When a poorly constructed bridge collapsed in Trois-Rivieres in 1951,Duplessis blamed communist sabotage.
NATO AND THE WARSAW PACT
1. 1949 – Canada, the U.S., Britain, and other Western European nations joined in a military alliance – the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
aimed at protecting Western countries from the threat of invasion by theSoviet Union
If conventional weapons were not enough, NATO members would usetactical nuclear weapons – atomic bombs and artillery shells.
As a last resort, they would be prepared to wage total nuclear war.2. When NATO included West Germany as a member, the Soviet Union feltthreatened and established the
made up of Eastern European countries to protect themselves and theSoviet Union from attack