637 S. Victory Blvd.| Burbank, CA 91502 | Phone: (818) 567-4400 | Fax: (818) 567-4401www.fhofficesystems.com
Pig manure biogas production – what has always been disdained could become asource of wealth
67 percent of the meat eaten in China is pork, and demand for this meat is growing worldwide.As a result, China features 1.8 million pig farms with more than 700 million pigs, which produce1.4 million tons of feces a year. Pig manure contains antibiotics and growth hormones to promote growth, which find their way into human bodies with adverse consequences.Currently, only 10 percent of this manure is used productively – as fertilizer – which presents profound health issues. While not at all nice, porcine excrement is rich in nutrients such as nitrateand phosphate. In an act that rates as alchemy, all that shit is now being used as pig manure biogas.In the course of more than a year, a project driven by Adelaide’s Co-operative Research Centrefor Contamination Assessment and Remediation of the Environment (CRC CARE) has devisedtechnology to deal with one of the largest and most odiferous waste disposal problems in theworld. CRC CARE’s partners in China include Huazhong University of Science andTechnology, one of the best 10 universities in China, and the company, HLM Asia PL. The project has met with success, earning it recognition by the US government in the form of aFederal Government Star Award for innovation.A two-phase anaerobic bio digester was developed by the project in Wuhan in central China thattransforms great quantities of pig manure into biogas. It has been christened and proven in practice. Now, efforts are afoot to scale up the endeavor to cope with China’s many pig farms.Reactors can be from 33 to 98 feet long and from seven to 13 feet wide and the transformation process takes 13 days. Reactors currently cost around USD34,000/GBP22,300/EUR26,000, butwhen they are produced en masse, the cost per unit will fall dramatically. 200 tons of waste can be treated a day, producing more than 13,400 cubic feet of biogas worthUSD40,000/GBP26,000/EUR31,000 and 5,600 tons of fertilizer with a value of USD530,000/GBP350,000/EUR410,000 annually. CRC CARE is collaborating with theAustralian pork industry to use the technology in Australia. A pig producer willing to trial thetechnology is being sought. There has also been interest from India, South Africa and Fiji.