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American Press Back 2 School Special Section

American Press Back 2 School Special Section

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Published by American Press
In this American Press special section, which was published on July 13, you will find stories on bullying, the pros and cons of using the internet for schoolwork and school bus safety. Also included are schedules for every school in Southwest Louisiana.

This guide also offers tips and suggestions for getting your student back on a normal sleep schedule, improving test-taking skills, getting homework done, packing a healthy and tasty lunch, building a strong parent-teacher relationship and picking the right major in college.
In this American Press special section, which was published on July 13, you will find stories on bullying, the pros and cons of using the internet for schoolwork and school bus safety. Also included are schedules for every school in Southwest Louisiana.

This guide also offers tips and suggestions for getting your student back on a normal sleep schedule, improving test-taking skills, getting homework done, packing a healthy and tasty lunch, building a strong parent-teacher relationship and picking the right major in college.

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Published by: American Press on Aug 01, 2013
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C2
AMERICAN PRESSSAtuRdAy, July 13, 2013
BACK TO SCHOOL 2013-2014
Specal to the Amercan Press
Children grow and develop theirpersonalities in various ways.While many youngsters are teasedor receive some good-natured rib-bing at some point in their schoolcareers, some teasing can eventu-ally turn into bullying.The National Education Associa-tion estimates that 160,000 childrenmiss school every day due to fearof attack or intimidation by otherstudents. Furthermore, more than70 percent of students report inci-dents of bullying at their schools. Although children in lower gradeshave reported being in more fightsthan those in higher grades, thereis a higher rate of violent crimes inmiddle and high schools than in el-ementary schools. According to theassociation Make Beats Not BeatDowns, harassment and bullyinghave been linked to 75 percent of school shooting incidents.Bullying can take many forms,and learning the warning signs asa parent can help prevent harass-ment and potentially dangeroussituations.
Verbal:
If your child reports be-ing called names, being the recipi-ent of racist, sexist or homophobic jokes, or being spoken to in anoffensive or suggestive way, this canbe a form of verbal bullying.
Cyber:
Social media, email andtext messaging has become a wayfor bullies to spread malicious mes-sages or photos. In the era of digitalmedia, this type of bullying hasincreased considerably.
Physical:
Some bullies engage inphysical attacks, including hitting,kicking, spitting, or other forms of physical confrontation. Destroyingpersonal property also is consid-ered physical bullying.
Indirect
: Gossiping and spread-ing nasty rumors about a person isanother form of bullying. This typeof bullying may go hand-in-handwith cyber bullying.
SigS Ou CHiLiS Big BuLLi
Parents can recognize certainsigns that their child is being bul-lied at school. Bullied childrenfrequently make excuses to avoidgoing to school. While the desireto stay home is something manychildren may express, those whoare bullied may do so much morefrequently.Bullied children tend to avoidcertain places and may be sad,angry or withdrawn. They may havetrouble sleeping or experiencechanges in appetite, and bulliedyoungsters’ academic performancemay suffer. Also, parents may noticethat children return from schoolmissing some of their belongings.
SigS Ou CHiLiS TH BuLL
Parents may not want to imaginetheir children bullying other stu-dents, but bullies do exist. Childrenwho bully other kids have strongneeds for power and negative domi-nance. They may find satisfactionin causing suffering to others. Somesigns that your child may be a bullyinclude:
l
easily becoming violent withothers
l
having friends who bully others
l
blaming others quickly
l
comes home with belongingsthat do not belong to him or her
l
getting in trouble with teachersor school administrators
l
picking on siblings
l
not accepting responsibility foractionsThere are ways parents canteach their children to act properlywhen faced with a bully. First, par-ents should explain that bullying isnot the child’s fault and he or shedoes not deserve to be picked on.Next, parents can let childrenknow that being assertive but notviolent with bullies may diffuse thesituation, as some bullies thriveon the fear of their victims. If thebullying behavior continues, thestudent should speak to an adult orauthority figure.Parents of bullies may need to beespecially mindful of their chil-dren’s behavior. Counseling couldbe necessary to determine whatis compelling kids to bully otherstudents.
Learn the early warning signs of bullying
Special to the American Press
Bllyn can take many forms, and learnn the warnn sns as a parent can help prevent harassment and po-tentally daneros statons.
Specal to the Amercan Press
These days, bullying isn’t onlyhappening in the schoolyard. TheInternet has changed things tosuch an extent that students arenow vulnerable to bullying at-tacks at any time of day or night.Cyberbullying can have seriousconsequences and should betaken seriously.What is cyberbullying? It is theharassment of an individual thatcomes in the form of insulting,degrading, or threatening actsthrough emails, instant messag-ing, private or public posts andcomments on social networks anddiscussion groups. Even if themessages are not spoken out loud,the consequences can be disas-trous: loss of self-confidence,social isolation and even suicide.
LOg A COPLAiT
It is imperative to do some-thing about this type of situationas soon as it first arises. Studentsshould inform their parents or amember of the school’s personnel.Threats should be reported tothe police. People must be awarethat slander, extortion, criminalharassment, fabricated messages,and the uttering of threats areconsidered to be violations of thecriminal code. Civil courts area recourse for that type of case.Before lodging a complaint orattempting to sue a cyberbully,it is important not to delete themessages in question, as they willbe required as proof.
PTiO
It is possible to prevent cyber-bullying. Some actions to take:never respond to a bully; protectpersonal information; inform theInternet or cell phone serviceprovider about incidents; andimmediately close the Web envi-ronment where the intimidationis taking place. Lastly, parentsshould monitor what their chil-dren are using the Internet forand be vigilant for any signsof distress, such as an unusualreluctance to go to school, fear oranxiety.
Cyberbullying can have serious consequences
Parents, you can alreadypicture those first morn-ings of the school year: thechallenge of dragging crankykids out of their beds at dawnafter two months of mellowsummer mornings.Each year, many of usswear we’ll do it differently.We will listen to the experts.We will adjust our children’sbedtimes back to a school-year schedule as soon as August arrives. We will workwith biology, not against it,by dimming the lights anddrawing the curtains in theevenings. We will rememberthe power of a good bedtimeroutine.It does sound wonderful.But each year, many fami-lies embrace the spontaneityof summer and the long, lightevenings, ditching routinesand enjoying late nightswith the kids. Or maybe wereally do try to get them tobed early, but Little Leaguebaseball games run late andvacations to other time zonesmake it impossible.Then we try to get ourkids up early for the first dayof school and their bodiesnaturally rebel. It’s nevereasy to be “waking up at thetime you’re biologically readyto be asleep,” says Dr. PeterFranzen, child sleep expertand assistant professor of psychiatry at the Universityof Pittsburgh’s Sleep Medi-cine Institute.Lack of sleep can affectkids’ ability to learn, to re-member and to handle emo-tions, he says.So here are some tips forgetting them back to a sen-sible bedtime:Begin adjusting bedtimeat least two weeks beforeclasses begin, says familysleep counselor Dana Oble-man, founder of the SleepSense system for gettingbabies and toddlers to sleepwell.“You don’t have to jumpinto going to bed at 7:30and being really strict,”she says. “But do an evalu-ation of where the bedtimehas been falling and moveback toward that by about 15minutes every third night.”(Of course, if you’ve alteredyour kids’ bedtime by morethan an hour, you’ll need tomake those changes in largerincrements.)For young kids, the mosteffective routine includesa warm bath and reading afavorite book. Skip televi-sion, which has a stimulatingeffect.With older children,Obleman suggests having asit-down meeting two weeksbefore school begins. Dis-cuss the importance of beingrested during the first weeksof school.Plan a solid bedtime rou-tine together, making surethey understand how muchsleep is necessary. Children,from toddlers to adolescents,need 10 to 12 hours of solidnighttime sleep, Oblemansays. Teens are likely to needat least 9 hours.“People say, ‘If my childgot eight hours, that’s ad-equate.’ And it might be ad-equate,” Obleman says. “Butyou want to be giving themgreat, awesome restful sleepat night.”Once you’ve chosen abedtime, agree to turn off electronic screens one hourearlier, because the lightfrom these devices signalsour bodies to stay awake,Franzen says. Kids alreadyhave a harder time get-ting sleepy at night as theyreach their teen years due tochanges in their body chem-istry, he says. Looking at thelight of electronic devicesonly delays that responsefurther. A regular bedtime routinetriggers a child’s naturalurge to sleep, and also cre-ates treasured memories of quiet moments with mom anddad, notes Lorraine Breffni,director of early childhood atNova Southeastern Univer-sity’s Mailman Segal Centerfor Human Development, inFort Lauderdale, Fla.
By elssa ayworthAssocated Press
Early to bed, early to rise can take effort at summer’s end
“Do an evaluation of where the bedtimehas been falling andmove back towardthat by about 15minutes every thirdnight.”
ana OblemanFonder of Sleep Sense
See
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Saturday, July 13, 2013aMErICaN PrESS
C3
BACK TO SCHOOL 2013-2014
Children engaged in aprekindergarten programare more likely to be readyfor kindergarten, accord-ing to the Calcasieu ParishSchool Board’s director of early-childhood education.Sheryl Piper said about1,400 students enroll in apre-K program annually,giving them the advantageof being better preparedacademically and sociallyfor kindergarten. The pro-gram also helps familiarizethe young students with aschool setting and developa foundation for futuregrowth and development,she said.Piper said that whena child starts kindergar-ten they are expected todisplay cognitive abilities,including early literacy,alphabetic understanding,vocabulary, listening com-prehension and emergentwriting skills.Kindergarten studentsare also expected to knowbasic numeric concepts,like counting, and makeobservations using theirsenses.Piper said early-child-hood education programsalso give children oppor-tunities to engage in earlylearning.With programs avail-able in elementary schoolsacross Calcasieu Parish,Piper said the program hasbecome more popular overthe years.“Family engagementin children’s learning hasincreased and families andcommunities are gainingmore awareness of nec-essary skills related tokindergarten readiness,”Piper said in an email.“Support and resourcesare provided to encouragefamilies to enroll childrenin a preschool program.”Piper said that in ac-cordance with the state’searly-learning and devel-opment standards, chil-dren enrolled in early-childhood programs learnliteracy and languageskills; social, math andmotor skills; basic numericconcepts; problem-solving;and science and socialstudies concepts. And theylearn to participate.On entering kindergar-ten, students are ex-pected to have social andemotional competenciesincluding self-regulation,self-identity, self-relianceand respect for others.She said that to be eli-gible for a pre-K programchildren must be 4 yearsold by Sept. 30.
By Natalie Stewartnstewart@americanpress.com
Pre-K program a plusfor kindergarteners
Special to the American Press
The classroom atmospherefamiliar to today’s childrenis likely very different fromthe atmosphere their parentswere accustomed to whenthey were students. Many of these changes can be tracedto technology, which hasgradually had an increasingpresence in the classroomover the last several decades.Thanks in large part tothe Internet, technology alsohas changed the way kidsapproach their schoolwork athome. Though a potentiallyvaluable learning tool, the In-ternet also poses some prob-lems for today’s students. Thefollowing are some of the ad-vantages and disadvantagesof relying on the Internet tocomplete schoolwork.
TH POS
The accessibility of theInternet can be a significantbenefit to students. Studentshave a wealth of resourcesavailable to them online, andthose resources can make iteasier for kids to understandkey concepts on nearly everysubject. Whereas studentsmight once have been forcedto trek to the library to re-search a given subject, nowthey can do so from the com-forts of home. And unlike thelibrary, the Internet nevercloses, so information is atstudents’ disposal regardlessof when they sit down to dotheir schoolwork. Another advantage to us-ing the Internet to completeschoolwork is that the Inter-net can be an extension of the classroom beyond schoolwalls. Educational websitesabound on the Internet, andmany of these sites are writ-ten and monitored by profes-sional educators. These sitescan be valuable resourcesfor students who may findthemselves struggling withcertain lessons. Many of theirquestions or concerns mayalready be addressed, andcertain topics may be moreeasily explained on a websitewritten by a professionaleducator or scholar in a givenfield. Rather than waiting toaddress an issue in class, stu-dents can visit such websitesto answers to their questionsimmediately.The Internet also can pro-vide students with a forum todiscuss their studies whichdoes not always exist in theclassroom. That forum mayengage students and makethem better students.
TH CONS
Much of the concern aboutusing the Internet to com-plete schoolwork is the reli-ability of the information onthe Internet. Many sites offerreliable and well-researchedinformation, but many do not.Students, especially youngerstudents, may not be capableof discerning fact from fic-tion and will simply take thewritten word on the Inter-net as truth. That may landstudents in hot water or makeit more difficult for them tounderstand their subjects. Another significant disad-vantage to using the Internetto complete schoolwork isthat students may be temptedto cheat. Because the In-ternet is so vast, studentsmight be tempted to cut andpaste answers to homeworkproblems from the Internetor copy information fromwebsites and claim it as theirown, feeling as if there is noway their teachers will everfind out. Some students maynot even understand thatsuch cutting, pasting or copy-ing is wrong. Such behavioralso makes it harder forstudents to learn the mate-rial, which will make it moredifficult for them to grasp keyconcepts going forward.Social networking sitescan quickly distract kidsfrom their schoolwork, cost-ing them valuable time theyshould be devoting to theirstudies.
Pros, cons of using Internet for schoolwork
Metro Creative Connections
Technology, namely the Internet, has changed the way stu-dents approach their schoolwork.
Special to the American Press
Homework time can be adifficult moment for childrenas well as parents. Betweenmaking dinner, daily chores,and children who grumbleor who refuse outright to dotheir homework, it is not easyto stay Zen! Here are seventricks to help you:
l
Establish a routine atthe beginning of the schoolyear and stick to it. Home-work should be done at thesame time each day, in thesame place (a quiet, well-litroom), and for about the sameamount of time.
l
Ban all forms of distrac-tion. No television, music, oraimless wandering about byother family members wherechildren are doing theirhomework.
l
Let your children emptytheir own schoolbags andorganize their school mate-rial. Give them time to lookat their teachers’ homeworkschedules and ask them whatthey have to do.
l
Stay present and avail-able, without succumbing tothe temptation of doing thehomework yourself. If yourchildren need help, showthem that you are payingattention and are willing togive advice.
l
Let your children readinstructions out loud. Thiswill enable them to stay con-centrated on their homeworkand you will also know howfar along they are.
l
If they get stuck, askthem to explain to you intheir own words what theyunderstand. Then tell themwhat you understand. Byworking together you maysucceed in solving the prob-lem.
l
Always try and makehomework time a positiveexperience, punctuated withencouragement for every ef-fort. Your children will be allthe more motivated.
Helpful tricks for getting homework done
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EDS does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national and ethnic origin, or gender inadmission of its educational policies, admissions policies, scholarship and loan programs andathletic and other school administered programs.
• Strong Academic Programs• Safe, Nurturing Environment• Full Range of Enrichment Classes• Low Student / Teacher Ratio• Competitive Sports• Weekly Chapel & Eucharist
B
ISHOP
N
OLAND
E
PISCOPAL
D
 AY 
S
CHOOL
 www.episcopaldayschool.org 337-433-5246

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