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Aerial Gunnery Target (1980)

Aerial Gunnery Target (1980)

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Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 02, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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01/18/2014

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United
States
Patent
[19]
Smith
et
al.
[54]
AERIAL
GUNNERY
TARGET
[75]
Inventors:
David
H.
Smith;
John
S.
Yates,
both
of
Fountain
Valley;
Paul
C.
Kochendorfer,
Laguna
Niguel,
all
of
Calif.
Prototype
Development
Associates,
Inc.,
Santa
Ana,
Calif.
[21]
Appl.
No.:
894,924
[73]
Assignee:
[22]
Filed:
Apr.
10,
1978
[51] Int. Cl.2
.............................................
..
B64D
3/02
[52]
US.
Cl.
.....................................
273/361
[58]
Field
of
Search
..........
..
273/
05.3,
181'
E,
184 R,
273/185 R,
102
B;
40/215
[56]
ReferencesCited
U.S.
PATENT
DOCUMENTS
1,837,627
12/1931
Mead
t
a1.
....................
..
273/102
B
2,342,651
2/1944 Dircksen
.........
.
273/1053
2,667,351
1/1954
McKinney
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
..
273/
05.3
2,807,287
9/1957
Frey
........
..
273/1053
X
3,000,634
9/1961
South
. . . . . . .
.
. . . . .
..
273/1053
3,072,410
1/1963
Simjian
......................
..
273/181
E
X
FOREIGN
PATENT
DOCUMENTS
496230 7/1919
France
................................
.
273/1053
Primary
Examiner-George
J.
Marlo
Attorney,
Agent,
or
Firm-George
F.
Bethel';
Patience
K.
Bethel
[57]
ABSTRACT
The
following
speci?cation
discloses
an
aerial
gunnery
target that
is
adapted
to
be
towed
by
an
aircraft
at
high
[11]
4,205,848
[45]
Jun.
3,
1980
speeds
for
gunnery
training
and
aircraft
weapons
quali
?cations.
The
assembly comprises
a
multiplicity
of
strands
or
cordssuch
as
twisted
and
plyed polypropylene
lines.
Each
of
said
strands
is
secured
at
the
forward
end
on
a
towing frame having
various
con?gurations
which
include
circles,
bars, radial
extensions,
and
other
con?gurations,
including
hexagons
and
triangles.
The
towing frame
is
pulled
bymeans
of
a conventional
tow
ing cable
and
may
have arms
that
extend
outwardly
upon
deployment
by
aerodynamic
forces,
or
may
be
rigidly
constructed
in
the
desired shape.
The
elongated
multiplicity
of
cords extend
backwardly
from
the
frame
to
a terminal
point,
such
as
an
analogous
frame
or
a
con?uence
point,
such
as
a
ring,
where
they
are
at
tached-in
coupled
relationship,
or
any
other terminal
means
for
securing
the
ends of
the
elongated
cord
ele
ments.
The
elongated
cord
elements avoid
the
coupling
of
vibratory
motion
from
one
cord
element
to
another
which
results
in
the
oscillatory
?apping
of
targets
con
structed
of conventional
fabric.
The
cords
are
provided
in
an
array
such
that
they
do
not
create
aerodynamic
lift
and
?uttering
when
being
towed.
They
further
prevent
the
erratic
?ight
that
is
frequently
encountered
in
con
ventional
rigid
targets
when
they
are
damaged by
gun
?re.
The
multiplicity
of
elongated
cord
elements pro
vide
a
visual
surface
that
appears
to
be
continuous
at
a
distance
for
target
purposes.
It
also
provides a
target
capable of
taking
substantial
hits
withoutbeing
de
stroyed,
due
tothe
loose
con?guration of
thestrands
or
cords.
20
Claims,
18
Drawing
Figures
 
4,205,848
S
Patsnt
Jun.
3,
1980
 
US.
Patent‘
Jun.
3,
1980
Sheet 2
of3
4,205,848
4
I8
/
FIG.
8

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