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MaNET Report

MaNET Report

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Published by khandelwalalok
full report on maNET

adhoc networks
full report on maNET

adhoc networks

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Published by: khandelwalalok on May 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/17/2013

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1.INTRODUCTION
A Network is defined as the group of people or systems or organizations who tend to share their information collectively for their business purpose. In Computer terminology the definition for networks is similar as a group of computers logically connected for the sharing of information or services (like print services, multi-tasking, etc.). Initially Computer networks were started as anecessity for sharing files and printers but later this has moved from that particular job of file and printer sharing to application sharing and business logic sharing.These networks may be fixed(cabled, permanent) or temporary.A network can be characterized as wired or wireless. Wireless can be distinguished from wired asno physical connectivity between nodes are needed.A mobile ad-hoc network (MANET) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes, a kind of awireless network where the mobile nodes dynamically form a network to exchange informationwithout utilizing any pre-existing fixed network infrastructure.For a MANET to be constructed,all needed is a node willing to send data to a node willing to accept data. Each mobile node of anad-hoc network operates as a host as well as a router, forwarding packets for other mobile nodesin the network that may not be within the transmission range of the source mobile node. Eachnode participates in an ad-hoc routing protocol that allows it to discover multi-hop paths throughthe network to any other node.
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fig 1.1MANET is the infrastructureless approach to WLANs and WLLs etc. It is a self-configuringnetwork of nodes and routers connected by wireless links, which in synchronization form adynamic topology. These networks operate in standalone manner where routers and nodes arefree to move and organize themselves randomly, causing a rapidly changing topology. This iswhy, these networks are very flexible and suitable for several types of applications, as they allowthe establishment of temporary communication without any pre installed infrastructure.The transmission range of a mobile node in the network is limited to a circular region around thenode, whose radius depends on the transmitted power, receiver sensitivity and propagation lossmodel. If the destination node is not in the transmission range of the source node, then themobile ad hoc network works like a multi hop network with one or more node acting as routingnode.Due to the limited wireless transmission range of each node, data packets then may be forwardedalong multi-hops. The three types of traffic in MANETS are1) Peer –to Peer: Communication between two nodes with one hop2) Remote to Remote: Communication beyond one hop but existence of stable route3) Dynamic Traffic: Nodes are dynamic and routes are reconstructed frequently.fig 1.2
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2.WIRED V/S WIRELESS NETWORKS
The different types of networks available today are Wired and Wireless networks. Wiredare differentiated from wireless as being wired from point to point.
2.1 WIRED NETWORKS
These networks are generally connected with the help of wires and cables. Generally thecables being used in this type of networks are CAT5 or CAT6 cables. The connection isusually established with the help of physical devices like Switches and Hubs in betweento increase the strength of the connection. These networks are usually more efficient,less expensive and much faster than wireless networks. Once the connection is set thereis a very little chance of getting disconnected.
2.1.1 ADVANTAGES
A wired network offer connection speeds of 100Mbps to 1000Mbps
Physical, fixed wired connections are not prone to interference and fluctuations in
Available bandwidth, which can affect some wireless networking connections.2
.1.2 DISADVANTAGES OVER WIRELESS NETWORKS
Expensive to maintain the network due to many cables between computer systems andeven if a failure in the cables occur then it will be very hard to replace that particular cable as it involved more and more costs.
When using a laptop which is required to be connected to the network, a wired network will limit the logical reason of purchasing a laptop in the first place.
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