EXERCISE. Some words have been taken off the text . Complete itas you listen. Answers at the bottom of the page.
Do you know the word “impact”? “Impact” means theactionof hitting something with a lot of force. So, if twocars___1___ each other, we can talk about the “impact” of thecollision.But generally we use “impact” in afigurativeway–we use it to mean “a big effect”. For example,if someone__2__ their job, this will probablyhave a big impact on their lives and on their families.Or we might say that cars have a big impact onthe___3___.What piece of modern technology, do you think, has had the biggest impacton the way we live? Perhaps ___4___medical technology – like drugs totreatcancer. Or computers – I wrote this podcast on a computer. Now I amrecording it on a computer, and soon I will put the recording onto anothercomputer, so that you can ___5___it to your computer! Or maybe modernmeans of transport, like aircraft and cars – maybe they have had the biggestimpact on the way we live.I think, however, that the piece of modern technology which has had thebiggest impact is something which most of us carry with us almost___6___. You probably have one in your bag or your pocket. I am of course talkingabout mobile phones.I remember the first mobile phone that I ever saw. It was about 25 yearsago. The phone was the ___7___of abrick. You needed to be quite strong tocarry it. I asked the owner if I could make a call on it, and he agreed. It feltstrange to be ___8___in a field in the country, talking to someone on atelephone. Today, over half the___9___ of the world either own or use a mobile phone.At the end of last year, there were over 4.1 billion mobile phones in use inthe world. In most countries in Europe, in fact, there are more mobilephones than people. You might think that mobile phones would have the biggest impact in - ___10__countries where most people have one. However, I do not think thisis true. In Africa, for example, mobile phones have made a ___11____difference to people’s lives, because so much of Africa does nothave a network of fixedconventionaltelephone lines. In Gambia, forexample, there are only 50,000 fixed telephone lines. But there are 800,000mobile phone users – so, roughly, 16 times as many Gambians can use amobile phone as can use aconventionaltelephone. A few years ago, inmany parts of Africa, it was very difficult to send money from one person toanother, because most people did not live near a bank, or did not have a