Journal of Physics Special Topics
P4_4 Travelling by Teleportation.
D. Roberts, J. Nelms, D. Starkey, S. Thomas
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH.
November 06, 2012
Teleportation of human beings is often featured in science fiction as being a marvel of transportation, instantaneously moving people large distances. This paper investigates the timeand energy requirements for the data transfers required to teleport a human being. It isconcluded that the data needed to fully map a human brain is so high that the time taken for a0.5GHz bandwidth is 4.85x10
years, making teleportation impractical.
P4_1 Travelling by teleportation.Introduction
Teleportation has long been a staple of science fiction for transporting people overlarge distances very quickly. Star Trek madesignificant use of teleportation in many of theiterations of the show. The transporter sendsthe data wirelessly and will send it throughatmosphere on a regular basis. This paperaims to calculate the power and timerequirements to send the data needed toteleport a human being. For this investigationthe transfer will be assumed to be from a
location on the Earth’s surface to
a spacestation in geostationary orbit directly above it.
To begin the teleportation process, everyhuman that is teleported will need to berepresented in transferable data. A human, atthe basic level, is represented by the DNApairs that make up the genomes in their cells.There are 4 possible combinations for DNApairs , which when represented in binarydata can be given by a minimum of 2 bits. Foreach human genome there are approximately3 billion base pairs  giving a total data for ahuman genome of 6x10
bits (b).Human beings are diploid organisms meaning that there are two genomes per celland so each cell has a data value of 1.2x10
b.A cell contains enough information toreplicate any other type of cell in the body.Therefore in this paper it is assumed that onlythe information of one cell is needed torebuild the person physically. Mentallyrebuilding a person is not as simple, as a full
information transfer of the traveller’s bra
in isrequired. The Bekenstein Bound Theoremallows for the calculation of the maximumamount of data to recreate the human brainon a quantum level. The value given by this is
b . Unfortunately errors canoccur when sending data due to interferencefrom noise. When rebuilding a human, anerror in the data could potentially lead todeadly consequences so error preventionmust be taken seriously. The assumption forthis paper is that the minimum effort that willprevent fatal errors is using a (7,4) Hammingcode, which brings up the total data for thesubject to 4.55x10
for transporting the data will bethe amount of data
divided by the datatransfer rate
plus the lag time; which will bethe distance the information travels
dividedby the speed of light
. (1)The data transfer rate will be the amount of data per signal (d) times the signal rate (S):