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PC Log Functns

# PC Log Functns

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Notes by Dr. David Archer
teacher of Calculus at Andress High
Notes by Dr. David Archer
teacher of Calculus at Andress High

Published by: Hector R. on May 24, 2009

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06/14/2009

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LogarithmicFunctions

For
x

>
0 and 0
<

a

1,
y
= log
a
x
if and only if
x
=
a
y
.The function given by
f
(
x
) = log
a
x
is called the
logarithmic function with base
a
.
Every logarithmic equation has an equivalent exponential form:

y
= log
a
x
is equivalent to
x
=
a
y
A logarithmic function is the inverse function of an exponentialfunction
.
Exponential function:
y
=
a
x
Logarithmic function:
y
= log
a
x
is equivalent to
x
=
a
y
A logarithm is an exponent!

y
= log
2
( )
21
=2

y
21
Examples
: Write the equivalent exponential equationand solve for
y.
1=5
y
y
= log
5
116=4
y

y
= log
4
1616=2
y
y
= log
2
16
SolutionEquivalentExponentialEquationLogarithmicEquation
16=2
4

y
= 4
21
=2
-1

y
= –116=4
2

y
= 21=5
0

y
= 0

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