Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Tow Target Release Mechanism (1944)

Tow Target Release Mechanism (1944)

Ratings: (0)|Views: 13 |Likes:
Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 02, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
2,382,854
ug.
14,
1945.
A.
E.
BRICKMAN
AIRPLANE
TOW
TARGET_RELEASE DEVICE
Filed
Jan.
22,
1944
,
\
.n
mE
INVENTORI
VA
 
'
Patented
Aug.
14,
1945
2,382,854
UNITED
STATES
PATENT
orrvicg
AIRPLANE
TOW
TARGET
ELEASE
DEVICE
Alan
E.
Brickman,
New
aven,
Conn.,
assignor
to
The
American
Steel
and
Wire
Company
of
New
Jersey,
a
corporation
of
New
Jersey
Application
January
22,
1944, Serial
No’.>519,385
11
Claims.
(01.
2735-1054)
'
This
invention
relates to
airplane
tow
targets,
and
particularly, to
an
improved
means
or device
forreleasing targets
towed by
aircraft
for
use
in
gunnery
practice.
(It
is
now
common
practice
to
employed
a
re
lease
device
on
the
end
of
a
target
tow
cable
for
replacing
the
used
target
beingtowed
with
a
new
target.
In
order
to
replace
the
target
being
towed'with a
new
target,
the
latter
target
which
is
folded
and
secured
by
a
rip cord,
is
secured
to
a
ring
placed
on
the
tow
line
and
launched
from
the
plane.
The
ring
is
threaded
onto the
tow
cable
and
the
forward
motion
of
the
plane
draws
the
tow
cable
and
release
device
through
the
ring
until
the
ring
strikes
a
projecting
portion
usually
carried
by
the
release device.
The
resultant
jerk
releases
the
rip
cord
and
the
target
opens
up
due
to
the
wind
velocity
and
is
in
tow.
After
a
pre
determined
amount
of
target
shooting,
a
new
target,in
bundled
form,
is
launched
in
the
same
manner.As
the
ring
passes over
the
releasing
device,
it
depresses usually
a
trigger
arrangementwhich
in
turn
withdraws
the
projecting portion
15
to
which
the
ring
of
thespent
target
is
attached
.
and
the
ring
passes
off
the
release
device
and
the
'
target
releases
it
from
tow
and
it
falls
to
the
earth
for
recovery
and
scoring.
' ' '
Various
types
of
release devices
have been
here
tofore
suggested
and
used.
One
of
the
most
common
types
used
consists
of
a
longitudinally
extending rather
heavy
cylindrical
body
member
having a
trigger
and
hook
release
mechanism.Such
a
release
device
has been found
to
be
un
satisfactory for several reasons.
place,
the
ring
member
of
the
replacement
target
oftentimes
sheared
the
tow
cable
at
a
point
‘im-‘
mediately next
to
the
heavy body
member
due
to
the
speed
at
which
the
ring
passes
over
the
tow
cable
and
the
Weight
of
the
release
mechanism‘.
Also,
a
heavy
release
device or
assembly
tends
to
whip
about
on
the
end
of
the
tow
cable
and
often
times,
the ring
of
the
replacement
target
passesoverthe
trigger
without
releasing
the spent
tar
get
and,
at
other
times,
both
the
new
targetto
gether
with the
spent
target would‘
pass
com
pletely
over
and
off
the
release
device
with
the
result
that
there
was
a
loss
of
a
target
and
that
no
target
was
in
tow.
Thus,
it
will
be
seen that
the use
of
such a
release
device
not only
resulted
in
damaging
the
tow
cable
but
also
resulted
in
loss
of
the
target
at
times,
and
delayor
incom
pletion
of
gunnery
practice.
Accordingly,
it is
the
general
object
of
the
present invention to provide
an
improved
tow
In
the
first,
40
45
v50
55
target'release
devicewhereby
all
of
the
above
mentioneddisadvantages
are
eliminated.
}
,
It
is
anotherobject
of
thisinvention
toprovide,
an
improved
tow
target
release
device
which
is
relativelylight in
its
construction,
and,
substan
tially
foolproof
in
its
use
so
as
to insure-the
re-‘
placement
of
a
spent
target
with
a
new
arget...
,
It
vis
a
further
objectofthis'invention
to
pro
vide-an
improvedtow
target
release
device
which
is
simple
and
inexpensive
in
its
construction,
and,~
at
the
same
time,
efficient
andv
effective
in
its
use.
Various
other
objects
and-advantages
of
this
invention
will
be
more
apparent
in
the course
of
the
following speci?cation
and
will
be
particularly
pointedout
n
the
appended
claims.
I
.-
,
In
the-accompanyingdrawingthere
is
shown,
for
the
purpose
of,
illustration,
‘an-embodiment
which
my“
invention
may
assume
inpractice.
In
thedrawing:
»
i
g
, »
Figure
is
aside
elevational
View
of
the
outer
end
of
an
airplane
tow
target cablein
tow,
show
ing'
the
improved
release
device of
my-invention
incorporatedtherewith
together
with
a
tow
target
connectedqthereto;
"
‘I
- 1 -
l-
'
~
,
Figure
2
is
an
enlarged
side
elevational
view
of
my
improvedrelease
device
showing
the
partsthereof
in
theirreleasable
position;
Figure
3'is
an
enlarged
side
view
of
the outer
end
of
my
improved
release device;
and
,
Figure
4
is
a
sectional
view taken
on
line
IV-'—IV
of
Figure
3.
' ' r
'
Referring‘more
particularly to
the
drawing,
‘there
is
:shown
in
Figure
1,
a
target
tow'cable
2'having
the"
inner
end
thereof
attached
to
an
aircraft;
On
the outer ‘end
of
the
tow
cable,
there
is
arrangeda
connecting
member
3
having
an
eye'portion,
>4
vto
which
the
improved
releasedevice‘
5v
of
the
present invention
is
pivotally
connected
in'a
manner
hereinafter
to
\be
.de
scribed.
On
he
outer
end
of
the
release
device
5,
there
is
releasably
connected
thereto,
a
target
lead cable
6
having
a
traveler ring
1
arranged
orithe
inner
end
thereof
by
which
it
is
attached
to
the
release"device',
and on
the
outer
end
of
the
lead
cable,
there
is
disposed
a
target
8.
'
The'improved
release
device
5
of
‘the
present
invention,
as
more
clearly
shown
in
Figures
2,
v3
and
4,
comprises
a
resilient
metallic
member,
preferably
made
of
round
wire,
which
is
bent
uponitself
so'as
to‘provide a
longitudinally
ex
tending
body
member
having
a
substantially
Ushaped
portion
9
arranged
on
one
end
thereof
with
the
free
ends
l0
and
I2
of
the
same
beingnormally
spaced
from
each
other
due
to
the
resiliencyv
thereof.
On
he
outer
side
of
the outer
 
2
end
of
the
free
end
IIJ,
there
is
disposed
an
enlargedportion
I3
which
is
preferably
formed
by
bending
the
end
of
the
free
end
into
the
form
of
a
hook
and
inserting
an
irregular-shaped
mem
ber
or slug
I
4
in
the
hook
portion,
as
more
learly
shown
in
Figure
3
of
the
drawing.
The
insert
member
I4
is
preferably
welded
in position in
the
hook
portion
so
as
to
be
securely
held
therein
and
constructed
so as
to
entirely
?ll‘
the
same.Intermediate
the length
of
the
free
end
I0,
there
is
arranged
an
outwardly
extending
0r
cam
por-
'
tion
I5.
In
other
words, the
free
end
I0
is
pref
erably
bent
so
as
to
form
a
cam
portion
on
the
outer
side
thereof intermediate
the length
of
the
same.
I . _
I
g
The
outer
end
of
the
opposed
free
end
I2
is
bent inwardly
and
outwardly
so
as to
provide
an
angular
or,
preferably
an
arcuate-shaped
portion
I6
adjacent
the
end
thereof.
On
the
extreme
outer
end
of
the
free
end
I2
beyond
thearcuate
shaped
portion
I
6,
there
is
arranged
a
longi
tudinally
extending
?nger-like
portion
I!
which
is
disposed
beyond
the enlarged
portion
I
3
of
the
free
end
I0.
'
'
There
is
attached‘
to
the
free
end
I
2
at
a
point
adjacent the
arcuate-shaped
portion
I6
thereof,
preferably
an‘inwardly
extending
metallic
U
shaped
member
I8
with
the
extreme
ends
of
the
free
ends
of
the
U-shaped
members
disposed
to
either
sideof
the
free
end‘
I2
and
secured
thereto
preferably
bya
ball
and
peen
connection
as
at
I9.
The
U-shaped“
member
I8
straddlesthe
opposed
free
end
I0
and
is
positioned
between
the
cam
portion
I5
and
the
enlarged
portion
I3
carried thereby.
By
providing’
such acon
struction,
it
will
be
seen that
the
free
end
I0
is
movable
relative
to the
opposed
free
end
I2
to
gether
with
the U'-shaped
member
I8
carried
thereby.
The
free
end
I2
preferably
has a
cam
portion
20
arranged
therein
at
a
point
imme
diately'
forwardly
of
the
U-shaped
member
I8
for
a
purpose
later
to
be
described.
The
sides
of
both
free
ends
I8
and
I2
at
a
point
opposite
the
U-shaped
member
I8
are preferably
?attened
as at
2|
so
as
to
provide
an
area
of
greater
bear
ingsurface
for
the U-shaped‘
member
I8.
The
improved‘
release
deviceof
my
invention
functions in
the
following
manner.
It will
be
as
sumed
that a
target
isin
tow
and
under
such
con
ditions,
the
tow
cable,
the
release
device
and
the
tow
target
will
assume
the
position,
as
shown
in
Figure
1
of
the drawing.
It
willbe
seen
that
the
U-shaped
portion
9
of
the
release
device
5
is
positionedin
the
eye-
4
of
the connection
3
on
the
end
of
the
tow
line‘
so
as
to
be
pivotally
attached
thereto.
When
he
target'is-
inxtow,
it
will
beseen
that the
traveler
ring
I'
of
the
target
is
disposed
on
theouter
end‘ of
the"
release
device
so
that
one
side
thereof
rests
upon
the outer
or
upper
side of
the
U-shaped
member
I8
and
abuts
againstthe enlarged portion
I3'
of
the
free
end
In
of
the
body
member
and
the
opposite
side
of
the
traveler
ring
abuts
againstthe ?nger-like
portion
II
of
the
free
end
I2.
In
other words,the
enlarged
portion
I3
and
the ?nger-like
por
tion
I!
are disposed diametrically opposite
each
other within
the
traveler-ring
'I
and
rest
against
the inner
periphery
of
the
ring.
It.
will
be
understood
that
in
order
to
maintain:
thetraveler
ring
on
the
end
of
the
release
devicein
sucha
manner,
that thedistance
between
the
inner
side of
the enlarged
portion
I3
and
the
outer
end
of
the ?nger-like
portion
I1
is
greater
than
the inner
diameter‘
of
the
vtraveler
ring
11.
As
shown
in
Figure
1
of
the
drawing,
after
a
Cl
10
30
4555
65
75
2,382,854
su?icient
amount
of
gunnery
practice
has
been
had
with a
target
in
tow,
and
it is
desired
to
replace
this
spent
target
with
a
new
target,
the
travelerring
1
of
a
new
arget
in
bundled
form
is
threaded
at
the
aircraft
onto the
tow
cable
2,
and
the
travelerring
1
together
with
the
new
target
8
attached
thereto passes
back
over
the
tow
cable
and
over
theconnection
3
onto
the
release
device
5,
as
shown
in
the
broken
linesof
Figure
2,
due
to
the
velocity
of
the
aircraft
and
the
wind.
Upon
reaching the
release
device
5,
the
traveler
ring
I
will
continue
in
its
sliding
movement
thereover
and
strike
the
cam
portion
I5
of
the
free
end
Ill
thereby
depressing
the
sameand moving
it
toward
the
free
end
I2,
as
shown
in
the
full
lines
of
Figure
2.
In
order
to
obtainthis
depressing
action,
it
will
be
understood
thatthe
distance
normally
between
the
outer
side
of
the
cam’
portion
I5
of
the
free
end
In
and
the
outer
side
of
the,
free
end
I2
is
greater
than
the
inner
diameter
of
the
traveler
ring
I.
When
he
free
end
I0
is
depressed
or forced
toward
the
opposed
free
end
I2,
it
will
be
seen that
theen
larged portion
I3
carried
thereby‘
is
moved
in
wardly
or
below
the
outer surface
of
the
U
shaped
member
I8,
asshown
in
Figure
2,
thus
permitting the
traveler ring
I
of
the
spent
target
to
pass
off
vthe
end
of
the
release
device
5
and
the
spent
target
then
falls
to
the
earth.
After
the
traveler ring
I
of
the
replacement
or
new
target
has
passed
over'the
cam
ortion
I5
of
the
free
end
II),
thisfree
end
will
move
outwardly
and
away
from
the
free
end
I2
due
to
the
resil~
iency thereof
and
again
assume
its
normal
posi
'
tion
against
the inner
side
of
the
U-shaped
mem
ber
I8
with the
enlarged
portion
I3
projecting
therebeyond,
as
shown
in
the
broken
lines of
Figures
2.
The
traveler
ring
I
of
the
new
target
will
continue
to
slide
overthe
release
device
and
pass over
the
U-shaped
vmember
I8
until
the
inner
or
upper
sideof
the
travelerring
I
strikes
the
enlarged
portion
I3
of
the
free
end
II].
The
opposite‘
or
lower
side‘
of
the
travelerring
I
will
continue
to
moveup
over
the
arcuate-shaped
portion
IIi
of
thefr'ee
end
I2
until
the
outer
side
thereof
strikes
the
?nger-like portion
I!
carried
thereby during
which
time
the
target
8
will
open
up
from
its
original
bundled
form‘
to
the ex
panded form
as indicated at
the
extreme
rightat
8
in
Figure
1
of
the
drawing.‘
It
will
be
seen
that
the
cooperation
of
theenlarged
portion
I3
and
the ?nger-like
portion
IT
with
the
traveler
ring‘! prevents
any
further
movement
of
the
same
over
the
release
device
5
and
it
is
releasably
held
thereon
until
it
is
desired to
replace
this
target
with
another
new
arget. It
is
the
purpose
of
the
cam
portion
28
on
the
free
end
I2
to
direct
the
side of
the
traveler ring to
the
outer
side of
the
'U-shaped
portion
I8.
Itwill
be
understood
thatthe
impact
of
the
traveler
ring,
when
it
reaches
its
position
on
the
end
of
the
release
device,
is
absorbed‘by
thecombination
of
the
longitudinal'resiliency
of
the
arm
I0
and
the
cantilever
resiliency
of
the
finger-like
portion
II
of
the
free
end
I2.
As
a
result
of
my
nvention,
it
will
be'seen that
there
is
provided
a
release
device
which
will‘tend
toneither
rotate
nor‘whip
when
n
use
due
pri
marily
to
the
greatly
reduced weight
of
the
bodymember.
In other
words,
the
tow
cable,
the
re
lease
device
and
the
target
will
always
be
in
align
ment
with
each
other
so
as
to
provide
'a
straight
line tow,
so
that
all
the
forces
exerted
on
the
release
device
are
longitudinal
and
absorbed
by

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->