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Aerial Tow Target (1943)

Aerial Tow Target (1943)

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Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 02, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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02/14/2014

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2,376,754
ay
2,
1945.
A.
E.
BRICKMAN
AIRPLANE TOW TARGET
Filed June
21,
1943
INVENTOR:
Z
M4N,
'
TTORNEY
4mm
.
BRICK
BY:
 
Patented
May
2,
1945
2,375,754
'
umrso
‘STATES
PATENT‘
OFFICE,
;
Alan
E.
Brickman,
New
Haven,
Conn.,
assignor
to
The
American
Steel
and Wire
Company
of
New
ersey,’
a
corporation
of
New
ersey
Application
June
21,
1943,
Serial,
No.
491,711
4
Claims.
(Cl.
2'73—105.3)
.
This
invention‘
relates to
airplane
tow
targets
a‘nd'particularlyto
an
improved
removable
insert
member
for
thelead‘cable ring
thereof.-
'
In
an
airplane
tow
target,
it is
the usual
prac
tice
to
provide
a
length
of
wire
tow
cable
having
a
relatively
heavy tow
target
releasev
member
or
mechanism
attached
to
its‘free
end which
is
low
ered
from
theplanewhile
in
?ight.
The
release
member
consists
generally
of
a
longitudinally
exf
tending
body
portion,
which
s
usually
cylindrical
in
shape
with
a
cone-shaped
portion
arranged
on
the inner
end
thereof
or
that
end.
which
is
at
tached
to
thewire
tow
cable.
There
is
also
pro
vided
a
relatively
short
lead
cable
having
a
sleeve
target
attached
to
one
end
‘thereof
which
is
adapted
to
be
towed
by
the plane,
and
a
ring
member
pivotally
attached
to
a
connection
or
ter
minal arranged
on
the
opposite 'end
"or
‘the
lead
cable.
Afterthe
tow
cable
has been dropped
from
the
plane
with
the
release
member
?oating
freelyin
the
atmosphere,
the short
lead cable
isthen
dropped
from
the
plane
together
with
the
sleeve
target
attached
thereto
with
the
ring
member
r
the
leadcable
passing along the
tow
cable.
The
forward
travel of
the plane
draws
the
tow
cable
through
the
lead
cable ring at
a
terri?c rate
of
speed
and
as
the
ring
member
approaches
the
body
portion
of
the
release
member,
the
ring
passes
thereover
and
catches
on
an
outwardly
projecting?nger-like
release‘member
carried
by
the
body
portion
50
as
to
prevent
thepassing
of
the
release
mechanism
all
the
way
through
the
ring
member.
The
target
is
then
in
position
on
the
end
of
the
tow
cable
and
ready
for
gunnery
practice.
_ '
Such an
arrangement
s
unsatisfactory
for
the
reason
that
oftentimes,
thering
member‘
n
passing
along the
tow
cable
shears the
same
at
a
point
immediatelynext
to
the
cone-shaped
portion
of
the
body
portion
of
the
release
member
due
to
the
speed
at
which
the
tow
cable
passes
through
the
ring
member
and
the
weight
of
the
release
mech
anism.
This
condition
results
in
the
loss
of
the
release
mechanism
which
s
hazardous
to
persons
on
the
ground
and
may
esult
in
terminating the
?ight thereby
involving considerable
expense
and
loss
of
time.
. v
Accordingly,
it
is
the general
object
of
the
pres
ent
invention
to
insure
that the
ring of
the
lead
cable
of
a
tow
target
is
properly
guided
to
and
passes
over the inner
end
of
the
release
mecha
nism
without
shearing
the
tow
cable
so as
to
eliminate
the
foregoing disadvantages.
It
is
a
more
speci?cobject
of
this
invention
to
provide
an
improvedremovable
insert
member
or
15
'20
45
the
ring
of
the
lead
cable
of
a
tow
target
having
a
limited
openingarrangedtherethrough
through
which
the
tow
cable
passes
so
as
to
guide the
ring
to
position
opposite
the
inner
end
of
the
release
mechanism
with
the
insert
member
adapted‘to'be
forced
from
the
position‘in
the‘ring
upon
strik-
ing
the
inner
end
of
the
body
portion
of
the
re
lease
mechanism.
.
' . '
It
is
another
object
of this
invention
to
provide
an
insert
member
for
the
ring
of
the
leadcable
01
a
tow
target
which
is
simple
and
inexpensive
in
its
construction,and,at
the
same
time, ef?cient
and
effective
in
its
use.
'
'
Various
other
objects
and
advantages
of
this
invention
will
be
more
apparent
in
the
course
of
the following speci?cation
and
will
be
particu
larly
pointed out
in
the
appended
claims.
'
In
the
accompanying drawing
there
is
shown,
for
the
purpose
of
illustration,
an
embodiment
which
my
nvention
may
assume
in
practice.
' '
In
the
drawing
.
Figure
1'
is
a
side
elevational
View
of
the
outer
end
of
an
airplane
tow
target cable
showing'the
improved
insert
member
of
my
invention
incor
poratedwith
the
ring'of
the
‘lead
cable
of
the
tow
target;
'
Figure
2
is
a
side
elevationalview
similar‘
to
Figure
1
showing
more
in
detail
the
tow
targetrelease
mechanism
and’
the
position
the
tow
arget
assumes
hereon
when
n‘use}
'
~
' '
f
'
Figure
3
is
a
front
elevational
view
of-one
of
the
halves
of
the
improved
insert
member‘ oflmy
invention
showing
how
t
is
assembled
inpositioninto
ring
of
the lead
cable
of
the
tow
target;
and
Figure
4
is
a
sectional
view
taken
on
line
IV—IV
of
Figure
.
e .
>
-
Referring
more
particularly to
the
drawing,
there
is
shown
in
Figures
1
and
2 thereof,
the
lower
end
of
a
wire
tow
cable
2
having'a
relatively
heavy
tow
target
release
‘mechanism
3
arranged
on
one
end
thereof.
The
release
mechanism
3
consists
generally
of a
longitudinally
extending
cylindrical
body
member
having
a.
cone-shaped
portion
4
arranged
on
the inner
end
thereof
to
which
one
end
of
the
tow
cable
2
is
attached.v
_
Intermediate
the length
of
the
body
portion
of
the
55
release
mechanism,
there
is
arranged
in
alongi
tudinally
extending
groove
5
therein,
a
release
member
which
s
pivotally
attached
to
the
body
member,
as
at
T.
On
the
outerend
of
the
release
member
6,_there
is
arranged
a
hook
or
?nger
like
member
8
which
extends
through
the
body
member
and
outwardly
to
one
side
thereof.
At
thefront
end
of
the
groove
5
in
the
body
mem
ber,
there
is
arranged
a
trigger
9
which
is
pivot
 
ally
attache'dto the
body
member,
as at
In,
and
cooperates
with
the
release
member
6
to
move
he
same
about
its
pivotal
connection
1
so
as
to
move
the ?nger-like
member
or
hook
8
intothe
body
memberfor
a purpose
hereinafter
to
be
described.
,
,
There
is
adapted
to
be
attached
to
the
release
mechanism
6,
a
relatively
short
target lead cable
l2
having.
aiterminal c0nnecti0n'l3
arranged
on
.
one
end
thereof
to
which
a
suitable
sleeve
target‘
(not
shown)
is
attached.
On
the
other
end
of
2,376,754
are
held
in
position
therein primarily
due
to
the
resiliency
of
the
eg
portions
thereof.
'
The
target lead cable
12,
together
with
the
sleeve
target,
and
the
lead cable ring
l1,
together
10
the
lead‘cable
I
2,
there‘is
arranged
preferablyia.
;
terminaleyeconnection
I4
having
a
slotted
hole"
'
15
disposed
therein.
There
is
arranged‘
throughv
the
slotted
hole
l5,
preferably
,a
swivel‘mernber,
l6
which
is
pivotally
attached
to
a
argetlead
.
cable
or
traveler‘ring
IT,
as
at,
18..
It
will,
be
7'
understood‘that
both
the
tow
cable
2
‘and
the
target"
lead
cable
l2,
as
shown
in
the
drawing,
-'
are disposed
substantially
inthe
positionv they,
assume
when-they
are
dropped
from
the
airplane
'
and‘are
towed
through
he
air
thereby.
~l
»
According
to
thepresent
invention; as
shown
inli‘igures
Brand
of
the
drawing,‘
there
is'lpro
videdi
a
‘pair.
of
complementary
‘substantially,
U;
I
shaped'members
IQ
for
insertion into
the
target
lead‘cable ring
l1.‘
Each
of
the
members-‘l9
is
preferably
made
from
resilient
sheetm'etal-and
the
_-leg
portions
20
thereof
are
preferably
ar
cuatediboth
laterally
and
longitudinally~ thereof,
and'
there
is
arranged
in
each
of
the
legs
centrally
,
thereof;v
a
groove
2|;
The
bottom
side
of
each
of
the
nsert
members
I9
is
substantially
?at
and
there
is
arranged
centrally of
the
?at
bottom
sur
face,
a
semi-cylindrical
groove
22
which
extends
substantially‘
perpendicular
to
the
legs
20
and
the
grooves
|,»
therein;
There
is
struck
up
from
the
flat
bottom
surface‘of
each
of
the
members
l9,
a
centrally thereof preferably
anoutwardly
ex
tendin'g'lug
portion
23
which
is
disposed
to
one
side
of
the
semi-cylindrical
portion
22 therein.
On
he
opposite
side
of
the
semi-cylindrical
por
tion22
of
each
of
the
members
19,
there
is'ar
ranged
a
ole
24.
' . .
.
;
The
two
complementary
insert
members
H!
are
positionedv
in
the
target
lead-cable ring
IT
in
the
following
manner.
together
so'that
the
flat
‘bottomsurfacesthereof
are
superimposed
relative
tov
each
other
with
the
lugportion
23
of
one
of
the
members
positioned
in
the
hole
24
of
the other
member
So
that’
the
"
two-members
are
maintained
in
alignment
wit:
each
other.‘
By
rranging the
two
members
l9
in
such-‘a
manner,
it
will
be
seen
that
there
is
‘pro
vvided
through
the
'c‘enter’thereof,"
a
cylindrical
hole/due
to
the“cooperation
of
'thetwo
semi-
;
'
cylindrical portions
22'dof
these
members.’
The
.
twocomplementary members,
as
an
assembly,
are
now
ready
to
be
positioned
within the
lead
cablev
ring
I1.
They
are held together
and
are forced
.
into-
the
leadcable
ring,
and
itwill
be
seen
thatv
the inner periphery
ofthe
‘ring will
ride
over
theouter
edge
portion
25v
of
the,
leg
portions
2!!
which
edge
portions are smaller
in
diameter
than
theinner
diameter‘
of
the.
ring,
thereby
com-4
pressing'the
outer.
ends
of
the
leg portions.
"
Af~
ter
the
assembly
has
been
moved
into
the
lead
c'ablel‘ring
so'that the
groove
2|
in
each.
ofthe
members
I
9V
is
positioned
directly,
opposite,
the"
inner periphery
of
the
ring,
it
will
beseen
thatthe
legportions
20
are
moved
outwardly.
due
to
the
resiliency
thereof
and
that
the
nnerperiph
ery
of
the
lead
ring
I]
will
then
be
disposed
in
the
grooves‘,2|
of
each
of
the
complementary
insert
members
l9,
and
that
the.
insert
members
These
members
!)
are
placed
25
35
with
the
two
complementary
members
l9
ar
ranged
therein,
is
now
ready
for
use
and
adapted
to
be
positioned
on
the
release
mechanism
3
for
gunnery
practice.
It will
be understood
that
thehole
arranged.
through
the
insert
members
l9
formed by
the cooperation
of
the
semi-cylindri
cal
portions
22
carried thereby,
is
slightly
larger
than
the
diameter
of
the
tow
cable
2.
The
upper
-'
end‘
of;
the
towcable
2
is
then threaded through
the
hole;
formed
by
the
insert
members
and
is
dropped from
the
plane.
As
the
plane
moves
along, itwill
be seen
that the
lead
cable
ring
l1,
together
with
the
insert
member
assembly
ar
ranged
therein;
passes
along
the
cable
due
to
‘the
'speed‘of.
the
plane
until
the lead cablering
I!
‘approaches
the'conical-shaped
portion
v4
of
the
body
portion oftheirelease
mechanism
3.
It
will
be
seen
.thatthe
insert-[members
I9 will
strike
the
conical-shaped:portion
4
of
the
elease
mechanism
withaterri?ic
force thereby springing the
legportions=20 of
both
of
the
insert
members
I9,
so
as
to
force
them from
position
in
the
lead ring
I1.
7,
When
he
insert
members
l9
are
forced
from
positionrin‘the lead ring
11,
it
will
be
seen
that
the
lead
‘ring
is
centered over
the
upper
end; of
the
qconical-shaped
portion
-
4
of‘the
release
mechanism,
and
‘upon
further
movement
of
the
lead
cablering
|'!,
it
will
pass-over the
conical
portion
4'
and
back
over
the
release
mechanism
until
it
strikes
the
?nger-like
member
or
hook
'
8
extending-
outwardly from the
body
portion
of
the
release;.mechanism.
This
target
lead
cable,
with‘the
isleevetarget
carriedthereby,
is
then
towed throughthe
airpbythe plane
and-is
then
>
in position
on
the‘end’ of
the
tow
cable
ready
for
4,0
gunnery-practice.
. '
After the
desiredamount
of
gunnery
practice
v
hasbeen-
had
with
this
target,
a
new
target.
is
dropped.
from
the plane
and
the lead
cable ring
.I'lnthereof
passes
along
the
tow
cable
2
in
the
same
manner
ashas
been
described.
The
insert
members
19-
of
the
lead cable
ring
I]
of
this
new
~
target
areforced
from
their
position
inthe
lead
ring
in
thesame manner
as
the
?rsttarget
ring
upon-strikingthe
upper
end
f
the
conical-shaped
portions
4
of
the
release
mechanism
3."Asl the
leadcablering
of-thisnew
target
passes
overthe
conical-shaped
portion
4
andg'back
over the
body
portioniof
‘the
release
mechanism,
it
will‘be
seenthat
it;_strikes‘the
trigger
9
which,
in turn,
moves
the
release
member
about
ts
pivotal
connection
1.
so
as
tomove
the
?nger-like
member-
or
hook
.
8:.into
thebody
of
the
releasemechanism.
Upon
movementof
the
?nger-like
member,
or
hook
8
»
into
the
body member,
it
will
be
seen that
the
60
65
70
75
lead
cable
of
the
?rst
targetpassesoven
the
outer
'
end'of-
therelease
vmechanism
andv
falls'to
the
ground.
Other
new
targets
are
positionedon
the
loweren'drof
the-
tow-cable
n
a
similar
manner.
It
:will
be,
understood that both
of?
the
insert
members
l9,
‘when
forced
from
he
lead
ring
I'I,
fall
to
the ground
andjare,
used, unless recovered,
for positioning
only
one
target
on
the end
of
‘the
'
tow
able,
> . ' . - ' - ~ '
As a
result of
my
nvention,'it
will
be seen
that
the
tow
cable
2
iscenteredwithin
the
lead
cable
ring
I
1
when‘the- lead
cable
ring-
reaches
thelinner
end
of
the
release
mechanism
3'.‘
By
providing
such
an
arrangement;
‘itr'willbelsee'n
that’
the
release-mechanism
‘passes
freely‘
intoand
through
the
:lead-
ring
thereby
preventing.
contact
of
the‘

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