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Cloth Tow Target Astern Sleeve (1944)

Cloth Tow Target Astern Sleeve (1944)

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Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 03, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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12/05/2013

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2,402,156
une
18,
1946.
J.
W.
GRIESINGER
ASTERN'ATTACK TOW TARGET
Filed May
2'7,
1944
'2
Sheets-Sheet
l
IN
V
EN
OR.
 
June
18,
1946.
J.
w.
GRIESINGER
2,402,156
ASTERN ATTACK
TOW
TARGET
Filed
May
27,
1944
2
Sheéts-Sheet
2
>
>
INVENTOR.
c/o/wv
72/.
épxgs/Afez?
A
7%xveys
 
Patented
June
18,
1946
I
UNITED
sTATEs
PATENT
2,402,156
OFFICE
2,402,156
_
ASTER-N
ATTACK
TOW
TARGET
,John
W;
Griesinger,
Dayton,
Ohio
Application
May
7,
1944,Serial
No.
537,672
5
was.
(01.
273-1053)
(Granted
under
the
act
of
March
3,
1883,
as
amended
April
30,
1928;
370O.
G._
757)
1
V
The
invention
described
herein
may
be
manu
factured
and
used
by
or for
the
Government
for
governmental
purposes,
without
the
payment
to
me
of
any
royalty thereon.
"
'
'
This
invention
‘relates
to aerial
gunnery‘
tar
gets
and
particularly
to
that
class
of
targets
which
are
intended
to
be
attacked
While
being
towed
from
the
stern
of
an
aircraft.
7
It
is
a
part
of
Army
gunnery
training
to
attack
an
aircraft
from
astern,
the
trainee, for
practice,
being required
to
?re
at
a
towed
target
from
the
rear.
To
?re
into
the
rear
of
an
ordinary
tow
target,
however,
is
extremely
hazardous
for
the
aircraft
which
is
doing
thetowing,
yet
hereto
fore
no
satisfactory
device
has been
provided
which
bviates
this
danger.
It
is
therefore
an
object
of
the invention
to
pro
vide
a
tow
target
which
is
particularly
adapted
to
lessen
this
hazard
of
the
towing
plane.
More
particularly
it is
an
object
to
so construct
the
target
that
it
will
take a
path
which
is
parallel
to
the
path
of
the
towing
planebut
considerably
below
it
or
considerably
to
the
right or to
the
left
of
it
as
may
be
desired.
Other
objects
and
advantages
will
be
evident
as
the invention
is
further described
with
refer
ence
to
the
drawings wherein
Fig.
1is
a
side
elevationof
my
improvedtow
target.
Fig. 2
is
a
front
end
view
of
the
device.
Figs.
3
and
4 disclose
two
of
the
several
ways
in
which
the
device
may
be loaded
toalter
its
path
with
respect
to
the
path
of
the
towing
plane.
Fig.
5
shows
one
of
the
sand
bags,
a
plurality of
which
are
employed
to
determine
the
path
of
the
device
with
respect
to
the
towing
plane.
In
the drawings,
ahollowcone
II]
comprises
a
pluralityof
sectoral
panels
I2
joinedtogether
by
seams
Hi,
all
seams
being
reinforced
by
webbing
IS.
A
ingle
panel
I8
has
its
sides
joined
to
the
otherpanels
to
complete
the
cone,
the
panel
I8
being cut
away
as at 2B for
a
purpose
which
will
later
appear.
Panels
I2
are
composed
in
greater
part
of
a
relatively close
woven
cloth
which
is
substan
tially
impervious
to
the passage
of
air,
while
the
entire
panel
I8
and
asmall part
I9
of
each
sec
toral
panel
I2
near
the
apex
is
made
of
a
relatively
coarse
woven
mesh
through
which
air
may
pass
quite
freely.
The
perimeter
of
the
base
of
the
cone
It
is
reinforced
by
a
heavy
cord
22.
Attached
to
the
perimeter
of
the base
of
the
cone
In,
preferably
at
the
reinforcing
of
the
joints
between
panels,
are
a
series
ofbridle
lines
10
15
20
25
ii.“
40
45
5055
Z
24,
the
free
ends
of
‘which
are
brought
together
as at 26
to
form
a
loop
to
which
the
ine
from
the
towing
plane'may
be
connected.
Stitched
to
the surface
of
the
cone’
ID
at
the
base
are
several layers of
fabric
28,
the
stitch
ing
being
so
spaced
as
to
form
pockets
for
the
sand
bags
38,
Fig.
5.
It
is
the
circumferentialposition
of
the
sand
bags
30
with
respectto
the
cut
away
portion
20
which
determines
the
offset
between
the course
of
the
target
and
that
of
the
towing
plane.
Fig.
3
is
a
diagrammatic
view
of
the
cone
I0
viewed
from
the
rear
or
apex
end.
Here
the
perforate
cut
away
panel
I8
is
angularly
spaced
180
degrees
from
the
sandbag
load,
which,
of
course,
is
drawn
to
the
bottom
by
gravity.
When
the
target,
arranged
as
in
Fig.
3,
is
being
towed,
air
is
forced
laterally
through
the
perforatepanel
I8
and
simultaneously
spills
from
thecut
away
portion
20,
so
thatthe
reaction
of
the
air
moving
laterally
in
one
direction
tends
to
move
the
target
laterally in
the
opposite
direction,
whereby
the
target
will
take
a
course
parallel
to,
but considerably
below
that
of
the
towing
plane.
On
the
other
hand,
if
the
perforate
panel
I8
is
angularly
spaced
less
than
180
degrees
from
the
bottom
to
which
the
sand
load
gravitates,
as
forinstance,
to
the
left
of
top
center,as
seen
in
Fig.
4,
the
target
will
ride
a
course
which
is
belowbut
alsoto
the
rightof
the course
taken
by
the
towing
plane.
Other
positioning
of
the perforate
panel
l8
with
respect
to
the
load
position
will
result
in
still
other
relative
offsets
between
the
towing
plane’s
course
and
the course
of
the
target.
While
the
weight
means
28-30
is
carried
on
the
convex
surface
of
the
cone near
the
base,
it
will,
of
course
be understood
that
it
may
be supported
in
any
convenient
position
which
is
eccentric
to
the
cone
axis,
and
while the
opening
20
is
made
in
the
panel
I8
adjacent
the
base,
it
may
e
made
in
any
part
of
the perforated
panel
I8,
or
thepanel
I
8
may
be
made
of
imperforate
fabric
and
the
opening
20
made
sufficiently
larger
to
com—
pensate
for
the
lack
of
small
perforations,
the
object
being
to
provide
a
lateral
discharge
of
air
from
the
cone
which
will
react
and
deflect
the
cone
oppositely
from
its
normal
path
beyond
the
towing
plane.
Moreover,
while the
body
of
thetarget
is
in
the
form
of
a
cone,
any
other
suit
able
shell
having
the
forward
end
open
and
therearward
end
closed or partly closed
will
be con
sidered
within
the
scope
of
the
invention.
Having
described
an
embodiment
of
my
inven
tion,
I
claim:

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