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Low Cost Facilities for Livestock

Low Cost Facilities for Livestock

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Published by cdwsg254

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Published by: cdwsg254 on May 25, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Low-cost facilities for livestock 
Location: Taiwan R.O.C.
 Technical description
A used freight container is installed with a fan, watering system, illuminating lamp and air conditioner. The flooris slatted to help maintain cleanliness of the floor. Windows are installed on the surrounding wall for goodventilation. (See Fig. 1).
Uses and merits
Conventional weaner pig houses in the temperate climate of Taiwan have the disadvantage of fluctuatingtemperataures which can cause diarrhea in the weaners. The closed system can stabilize the inner temperatureof the weaner pig house. This pig house made from a used freight container can thus be a way of recyclingused containers.The pig house can help prevent heat stress in boars which may affect semen production. It can be adoptedfor segregated early weaning, and can increase the survival rate of weaners. The closed and sanitary systemcan prevent disease infection between pig houses.
Experts comments
It seems that the container pig house is not suitable for growing-finishing pigs. Also, the farmer must keepthe house clean all the time. It should not be used in the tropics because of the high temperatures.
Fig. 1.Pig house made from a used freight container
Location: Taiwan, R.O.C.
 Technical description
The far infrared heating lamp is used as a substitute for the traditiional mercury light bulg. The heater also usesa voltage modulator (See Fig. 2).
Uses and merits
The traditional mercury light bulb can cause environmental pollution when broken light bulbs are discarded.The heater can modulate itself to keep the temperature at a constant level. The farmer does not need to regulatethe height of the lamp when the temperature goes up or down.The heating hamp can be operated easily and safely. The far infrared heater is also more energy efficient thanthe traditional light bulb.
Reservations on its use
Although the heating lamp is self-regulated, it is critical that the weaner house be well insulated, to preventthe wind from blowing in and reducing the efficiency of the lamp
Fig. 2.Infrared heating lamp for weaners
Location: Taiwan, R.O.C.
 Technical description
The daily amount of feces and urine produced by a mature cow is about 8% of her body weight. Therefore,in a farm having 100 cows, the annual production of manure will be 2,000 tons per year. If this waste were washedand drained into the rivers and streams, it would not only need a lot of water, but would also cause a big pollutionproblem. However, the composition of cow manure is quite variabale and very useful for the improvement of soil quality. The device designed here collects manure in a waterless and highly efficient way. (See Fig. 3).
Uses and merits
Overuse of chemical fertilizer will be detrimental to the capacity of the soil. At the same time, the disposal of fairy wastes directly by washing them into the river will result in serious environmental pollution. To collectthe dairy wastes by using the devices described above will not only save water but will also ensure a clean farm.The utilization of used tires will reduce the space required for tire disposal. In additioin, the undiluted manurewill be an excellent source of organic fertilizer for athe improvement of soil quality.The device was designed to be connected to a general loader. With a special rubber made from an old truck tire cut to shape, manure can be removed from the concrete floor. The scraper pushes and pulls as the loadermoves in a fast and easy way. Also due to the flexibility of athe rubber part, the texture of the floor will not bedamaged during manure collection.
Experts comments
This device, when used with well-designed manure storage and a spreading area on the farm, will greatly reducethe problem of farm waste. If the rain-drain of the pen is constructed with a separate draining system, the storedmanure can be used in a more efficient way. The manure collection will be much more efficient if the runwayin the housing area can be constructed with an appropriate width.
Fig. 3.High efficiencyscraper for cowmanure

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