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Aerial Advertising Banner (1933)

Aerial Advertising Banner (1933)

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Published by CAP History Library
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CAP History Library on Aug 03, 2013
Copyright:Public Domain

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04/09/2014

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March
22,
1938.
c.
D.
YOUNG'
2,112,204
STREAMERADAPTED
FOR
TOWING
BY
AIRCRAFT
FiledMay
11,
1933
.,
'
v v
N
.
a
N
,
I
_
INVENTOR:
>4
.
dharw/sl).
16mg,
 
5
10
40
45
cu
Li
Patented
Mar.
22,
1938
UNITED
STATES
2,112,204
PATENT
'
FF
2,112,204
STREAMERADAPTED
FOR TOWING
BY
AIRCRAFT
Charles
D.
Young,
Haverford,
Pa.,
assignor
to
Kellett
Autogiro
Corporation,
Philadelphia,
Pa.,
a
corporation
of
Delaware
Application
May
1,
1933,
Serial
No.
670,391
6
Claims.
This
invention
relates
to
streamers
adapted
'for
towing,
by
aircraft,
and more
particularly
to
streamersbearing
words
or
symbols
displayed
thereon
in
such
manner
as
to constitute
a
sign
jclearly
legible
from
the
ground
and
therefore
‘useful
for
the
purpose
ofadvertising.
The
streamer
of
this
invention
may
also
beused
to
advantage
inaerial
signalling,
as
an
aerial
target for
anti-aircraft?re,
and
for
other
pur
poses,
wherever
it
is
desired
to-
make
an
an
nouncement
to
the
ground
quickly
over
a
large
area.
Generally
stated
the
object
of
my
invention
is
to
provide
a
streamer
of
simple
and
inexpen
'
sive
construction
so
designed
that
when
towed
behind
an
aeroplane
or
other
aircraft
it
will
assume a
position
in
a
substantially
vertical
plane
with
its
longitudinal
axis substantiallyparallel
ing
level
ground.
More
speci?cally
the streamer
.is
characterized
by
a
particular
form
of
bridle
at
its
leading
edge
and
a
flexible
connection
between
the
tow
line
and
bridle,
whereby under
different
conditions
of
?ying
speed
and wind
the
streamer
has
capacity
for
self-adjustment
iand'“
tends
to
maintain
the
desired
position
of
“?ight.
_
Other
objects
and
advantages
characterizing
my
present invention
will
become
‘more
fully
‘apparent
from
the
description
of
certain
ex~
amples
or
embodiments
thereof
which
are
here
‘inafter‘set
forth
with
reference
to
the
accom
‘panying drawing.
Of
the
drawing:
Fig.
I
represents
a
side
elevation
of
a
streamer
of
my
invention
with
the
tow
line
substantially
taut.
»
Fig.
11
represents
a
similar
view
of
the
same,with
slack
in
the
tow
line
showing
how
the
‘streamer
adapts
itself
to
changed.
conditions;
and,
Fig.
III
represents
a
side
elevation
of
a
por
tion
of
a.
modi?ed
streamer
in
which
the
bridle
is
differently
constructed.
With
reference
to
the
streamer
illustrated in
Figs.
I
and
II,
it
will
be observed that
the
same
comprises
a
rectangular
skeleton
framework
in~
eluding
rigid vertical
members
I
disposed
in
spaced
parallelrelation
and
longitudinal
non
rigid
members
2,
3
and
4,
disposed
at right
angles
to
the
vertical
members
I
and
parallel
to
each
other.
Preferably the
vertical
members
I
may
take the
form
of
bamboo
poles,
whereas
the
upper
and
lower
longitudinal
members
2,
3
are.
desirably
made
of
stout
cord,
and
the
intermediate
longi
tudinal
members
4
of
?ner
cord;
The
letters
or
symbols
5
to
be
displayed
on
the
framework
of
the
streamer
are
secured
by any
suitable
means
to
the intermediate
longitudinal
members
4,
or
they
may
extend
from
the
upper
longitudinal
2
to
thelower
longitudinal
3,
the
present
inven
(Cl.
40-127)
tion
notbeing
concerned with
the
mode
of at
tachment
of
the
display
signto
the
framework.
At
the
forward
or
leading
end
of
the
streamer
I
employ
a
loop
bridle
6
joining
the
upper
and
lower
ends
of
the
foremost
vertical
member
I
and
forming
therewith
a
triangularconnection
between
the
tow
line
i
and
the
framework
of
the
streamer.
The
tow
line
i
terminates
in
an
eye or
thimble
8
surrounding
the
bridle
6
and
slidable
thereon.
In
order
to
give
adequate
strength
to
the
foremost
vertical
member
i
with
out
unduly
increasing
its
weight,
a
strut
9
is
positioned
behind
the
member
bracing
it
at
its
medial
portion.
The
strut
9
is
held
in
place
by
a
stay
wire
l0
including
a
turnbuckle
H
by
means
of
which
the
wire
may
be tautened
to
the
desired degree.
While
the
streamer
is
illustrated
in
the
draw
ing
with
a longitudinal
axis
assuming
a
horizon
tal
position,
it
is
to
be
understood
that
under
actual
?ying
conditions
the
longitudinal
axis
may
be
inclined
to
an
angle
of
twenty
degrees
or
thereabouts
with
the
horizontal,
and
the
words
“horizontal”
and
“vertical”
are
therefore
used
herein
in
a
general
sense.
Moreover,
the
streamer
may
be
of
considerably
greater
length
in
pro
portion
to
height
than
represented
in
the
par
ticular illustrated
embodiment
of
theinvention.
Throughout
the
framework
of
the streamer
I
preferably
employ
diagonal
members
l2,
one
for
each
panel
of
the
framework,
thediagonals
join~
ling
the
upper
end
of
veach
vertical
member
I
with
the
lower
end
of
the
next
vertical
member
to
the
rear
thereof.
At
the
rear
end
of
thestreamer
there
is
provided
a
trailing
loop
M
in
the
form
of
a
line
joining
the
upper
and
lower
ends
of
the
rear
most
vertical
member
I.
The
trailing
loop
I
4
‘constitutes
a
counterpart
of
the
bridle
6
at
the
‘forward
end
of
the
streamer.
To
the
trailing
‘loop
hi
there
is
slidably
connected
a
drag
ele
ment
I5
which
may
take
the
form
of
the
well
known
“wind
sock”,
and
which
offers
su?icient
resistance
to
maintain
the
stability
of
the
streamer
during
flight.
The
drag element
l5
preferably
is
attached
to
the
trailing
loop
[4
by
means
of
an
eye
or
thimble
it,
or alterna
tively
?xed wind
socks
are
attached
to
the
ends
of
the
rearmost
vertical
member
.
By
the
construction described above, the
framework
of
the
streamer
is
in
effect
pivoted
for
revolution
about
a
longitudinal
towing
axis:c-a:
which
variesin
its
position
according
to
the
speed
of
the
towing
vehicle,
wind
conditions
and
other
factors.
Inorder
to
maintain
the
streamer
in
substantially
vertical
plane
and
With
out
causing
it
to
sag
intermediate
its
forward
and
rear
ends,
the
framework
is
weighted
at.
the
two
lower
corners,
the weights
being
at
tached
to
the
foremost
and
rearmost
vertical
10
60

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