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Rocks

Rocks

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Published by crennydane

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Published by: crennydane on Aug 03, 2013
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06/30/2014

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1
Rocks
Rocks
Three types of rocks:
Igneous -
formed from molten rock (i.e.,magma or lava)
Sedimentary -
formed from the debris ofother rocks
Metamorphic -
rocks that have beensubjected to great stresses and have changedtheir texture or chemical state from theiroriginal form
Igneous Rock Formation
Magma (molten rock) originatesdeep within the interior of theEarthRises to surface because it isless dense than surroundingrockAs the magma rises, it cools andbegins to crystallizeSimilar to water freezing intoice
 
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Igneous Textures
The rate at which the magma (or lava)cools determines the texture, or crystalsizes, of the igneous rockThe texture also yields clues to the typeof geologic setting in which the igneousrocks formed
Igneous Textures
Aphanitic
Fine-grainedGrains (crystals)usually too small tobe seen with nakedeyeIndicative of a fastcooling history
Igneous Textures
Phaneritic
Coarse-grainedGrains (crystals)can be seen withnaked eyeIndicative of slowcooling history
 
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Igneous Textures
Porphyritic
Fine and Coarse-grainedRock composed ofboth large and smallcrystalsIndicative of bothslow and fastcooling history
Igneous Textures
Glass
No identifiablecrystalsIndicative ofinstantaneouscoolingExample: Obsidian
Textures of Igneous Rocks

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