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How It Works

How It Works

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Published by Hirudinea Returns
How It Works
How It Works

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Published by: Hirudinea Returns on Aug 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/17/2013

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Transcriber’s Note
The punctuation and spelling from the original text have been faithfullypreserved. Only obvious typographical errors have been corrected.
HOW IT WORKS
AUTHOR'S NOTE.
I
BEG
to thank the following gentlemen and firms for the help they have given mein connection with the letterpress and illustrations of "How It Works"—Messrs. F.J.C. Pole and M.G. Tweedie (for revision of MS.); W. Lineham; J.F.Kendall; E. Edser; A.D. Helps; J. Limb; The Edison Bell Phonograph Co.; Messrs.Holmes and Co.; The Pelton Wheel Co.; Messrs. Babcock and Wilcox; Messrs.Siebe, Gorman, and Co.; Messrs. Negretti and Zambra; Messrs. Chubb; The YaleLock Co.; The Micrometer Engineering Co.; Messrs. Marshall and Sons; TheMaignen Filter Co.; Messrs. Broadwood and Co.
 
 
ON THE FOOTPLATE OF A LOCOMOTIVE.
 
How It Works
Dealing in Simple Language with Steam, Electricity,Light, Heat, Sound, Hydraulics, Optics, etc.and with their applications to Apparatusin Common Use
 
By
 
ARCHIBALD WILLIAMS
 Author of "The Romance of Modern Invention,""The Romance of Mining," etc., etc.
 
 
THOMAS NELSON AND SONS
 London, Edinburgh, Dublin, and New York 
PREFACE.
H
OW
does it work? This question has been put to me so often by persons young andold that I have at last decided to answer it in such a manner that a much largerpublic than that with which I have personal acquaintance may be able to satisfythemselves as to the principles underlying many of the mechanisms met with ineveryday life.In order to include steam, electricity, optics, hydraulics, thermics, light, and avariety of detached mechanisms which cannot be classified under any one of theseheads, within the compass of about 450 pages, I have to be content with acomparatively brief treatment of each subject. This brevity has in turn compelledme to deal with principles rather than with detailed descriptions of individualdevices—though in several cases recognized types are examined. The reader willlook in vain for accounts of the Yerkes telescope, of the latest thing in motor cars,and of the largest locomotive. But he will be put in the way of understanding theessential nature of 
all
telescopes, motors, and steam-engines so far as they are atpresent developed, which I think may be of greater ultimate profit to theuninitiated.While careful to avoid puzzling the reader by the use of mysterious phraseologyI consider that the parts of a machine should be given their technical nameswherever possible. To prevent misconception, many of the diagrams accompanyingthe letterpress have words as well as letters written on them. This course alsoobviates the wearisome reference from text to diagram necessitated by the use of solitary letters or figures.I may add, with regard to the diagrams of this book, that they are purposelysomewhat unconventional, not being drawn to scale nor conforming to the canonsof professional draughtsmanship. Where advisable, a part of a machine has been

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