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13627728-Ikatan-Kimia-I-2.ppt

13627728-Ikatan-Kimia-I-2.ppt

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Published by Mia Yukimura

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Published by: Mia Yukimura on Aug 04, 2013
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11/23/2013

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7.10. Struktur Molekul
Bentuk molekul
Molekul Linier = sudut ikatan 180
 
Molekul Segitiga planar = sudut ikatan 120
 
Molekul tetrahedral = sudut ikatan 109,5
 
Gambar :Langkah-langkahMenggambar molekultetrahedral
= 4 muka
 
Molekul Oktahedral : 2 square pyramidMolekul Trigonal bipiramidal : 2 trigonal piramid
Model ikatan : - ikatan ekuatorial : 120
 - ikatan aksial : 180
 - diantara ekuatorial dengan aksial 90
 
 
7.11. Prediksi Bentuk Molekul : Teori ”VSEPR”
 
Teori “VSEPR” (Valance Shell Elektron Pari Requlsion) :
Pasangan e
-
kulit valensi atom pusat akan saling tolak-menolak sampai tercapai tolakan yang paling minimal.ex : - BeCl
2
Gambar :
Two pairsThree pairsFour pairsFive pairsSix pairs
Latihan :CCl
4
, SbCl
5

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