Axia College Material
Appendix CLeaders and Legislation of the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements
Identify leaders of the Civil Rights and Black Power movements and their contributions to their respective causes. How did these social pioneers forge the way for this important ratification?What legislation was relevant during these critical times?
Complete the following matrix by identifying 7 to 10 leaders or legislative events from both theCivil Rights and Black Power movements. The first leader is provided as a model.
Leader andAssociatedLegislation, if anyDate(s)Organization and/or CauseContribution
A. PhilipRandolph1941Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, which foughtDiscriminationHis threat to march onWashington to protestdiscriminatory treatment causedformer President Franklin D.Roosevelt to react with newpolicies on job discrimination.HarrietTubmann/aUnderground RailroadWith the help of some whites andother freed blacks, she helped tofree slaves from the south andsend them north.AbrahamLincoln1863President of the United StatesSigned the EmancipationProclamation and freed theslavesCORE1942fight discrimination with non-violent direct actionUsed sit-ins to open restaurantsfor many black patrons across thecountryRosa Parks1955Refused to give up her seat for awhite man on a crowded bus.Led to organization of Montgomery improvementassociationMartin Luther King, Jr.1955-56;1963Wanted the same rights andprivileges as whites; SouthernChristian Leadership ConferenceBoycotted buses for a year thatended segregated seating; begana series of marches demand fair employment opportunities,desegregation of public facilities,and the release of 3,000 peoplearrested for participating in themarchesPresidentLyndon BainesJohnson1964President of the United StatesRatified the 24
amendmentoutlawing the poll tax thatstopped blacks from voting