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Did Umar Burn Fatima's House

Did Umar Burn Fatima's House

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Published by alpha test
Did Umar Burn sidi Fatima's House
Did Umar Burn sidi Fatima's House

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Published by: alpha test on May 26, 2009
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Hadhrat Umar [radhiallaahu anhu] attacked Hadhrat Ali and HadhratFaatima [radhiallahu anhuma) causing her to abort the child in her womb
Q: One common thing Shias quote regarding Umar is that after the Event of Saqifa, Hazrat Ali refused to givebaya to Hazrat Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr ordered Umar and a couple of Sahaba to go to Fatima's house and bring Ali to him. According to sources such as The History of Tabari (and other sources), the Sahaba led by Umar broke down the door and dragged Ali to Abu Bakr to pledge Baya. This is all mentioned in some history books;Sahih al-Bukhari, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Sirah al-Nabawiyyah by Ibn Hisham, History of Tabari (Arabic), al- Isti'ab by Ibn Abd al-Barr, Tarikh al-Kulafa by Ibn Qutaybah, Kanz al-Ummal.
 
They surrounded Ali (AS) and burned the door of his house and pulled him out against his will and pressed theleader of all women (Hadhrat Fatimah (AS)) between the door and the wall killing Mohsin (the male-child shewas carrying in her womb for six months).
 
A: Your Shiite associates have misled you with regards to the Bay‟at to Abubakar 
(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and the actions taken by Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
). The actualincident is not how they have portrayed it.What ever has been mentioned with regards to this incident in the Saheehul Bukhari, MusnadAhmad, Kanzul Ummal, Albidayah wan Nihaayah, Alkaamil Li ibni Atheer, SeeratunNabawi Li ibni Hisham and Tareekhul Islaam Lith Thahabi, boils down to the fact that, afterthe demise of Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
), Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)and Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and the majority of the Ansaar and the Muhajireen were busywith the burial arrangements. On the other hand a few Ansaar Sahabah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhum
) gathered with Saad Bin Ubaadah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) at Saqeefa Bani Saaidah.Their intention was to appoint Saad Bin Ubaadah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) as the Khalifah. Hadthis materialised without the mutual consent of the Akaabir Sahabah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhum
)and the Muhajireen Sahabah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhum
) it would have been very inappropriate.Seeing this one Sahabi immediately headed for the house of Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu AlayhiWasallam
) and asked Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
), who was at the time busy with the burialarrangements, to step outside the house. At first Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) refused to comeout due to his engrossment, but when the Sahabi hurried him and informed him of theimportance, Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) came outside and the Sahabi informed him of thegathering of the Ansaar. On hearing this Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) immediately calledAbubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
), who was also busy with the burial arrangements and refusedto come out. When Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) informed him of the importance of the issue,he immediately headed for Saqeefa Bani Saaidah together with Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)and Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
).This makes it very clear that Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu
Anhu)and Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)did not take any initial steps in trying to attain the Khilaafat; rather, they were busy in theburial arrangements. Another Sahabi had come and informed Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)regarding the gathering of the Ansaar.From this incident one can understand the importance of Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
). Also,Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) did not go to Saqeefa Bani Saaidah alone; rather he took Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) with him
(these three Sahabah are from amongst the „Ashara Mubash shararah i.e
. the ten companionswho were given glad-tidings of Jannah in this world by Nabi (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
)).Apparently Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) did not take Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Zubair(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) with him because they were the immediate relatives of Nabi
 
(
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
) and it was more appropriate for them to remain engaged in theburial arrangements. It has been mentioned in a Hadith that after Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)delivered Nabi (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
) into the Raudhah Mubarak he said:
“A person‟s family and relatives are the ones responsible for arranging his burial.”
(Sunan AbuDawood, Vol. 2, Page 102)Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) mentioned in detail during his Khilaafat that Abubakar(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) went to Saqeefa Bani Saaidah in order to inform and explain to theAnsaar. He did not know that in the interim he would have the responsibility of appointing aKhalifah. This is also the reason why he did not take Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) withhim. When these three Sahabah reached Saqeefa Bani Saaidah they saw that the Ansaar were
in a very emotional state and were about to appoint Sa‟ad bin Ubaadah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)as the Khalifah. This was under no circumstances correct or appropriate. Besides the
Muhajireen, none of the Ansaar would have been happy to take Bay‟at on the hands of Sa‟ad
bin Ubaadah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and there was also a great fear that there would have beena revolt. Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) has also indicated to this in his detailed sermon which ismentioned in Bukhari. For this reason Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) stepped forward andexplained to them with great wisdom that the Khalifah should be from amongst the Quraishbecause the entire Arab world respects them. After this Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
)raised the hands of Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) in front of the congregation and requested them to take Bay‟at on the hands of either of 
the two. The Ansaar did not agree to this but they demanded that there should be an Ameerfrom amongst the Ansaar as well as the Muhajireen which was also inappropriate. Howcould it be possible that there be two different rulers in one country at the same time? On thisoccasion Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) said: “Two swords can not be gathered in onesheath.”
When Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) saw that the differences were not settling and thearguing was not coming to an end and the fear of a revolt was becoming imminent, he madeAbubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) ascend the pulpit and declared that he is taking Bay‟at on the
hands of Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
). Before Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) could take
Bay‟at, an Ansaari Sahabi took Bay‟at on the hands of Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
). On
seeing this all the Muhajireen and Ansaar that were present also took Bay‟at on the hands of 
Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) except Sa‟ad bin Ubaadah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
). Whenproving that Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) is worthy of Khilaafat, Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) mentioned that “Nabi (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
) forwarded Abubakar to lead theSalaat during his lifetime and he is one of the Thaani ul Ithnain i.e. the companion of Nabi(
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
) in the cave. How can Umar become the Khalifah while he is
 present?”
Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) said the same thing. Zaid binThaabit (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
), who was an Ansaari Sahabi, also said the same thing andexpounded the virtues and the importance of the Muhajireen to the Ansaar. In this manner,
those Ansaar who wanted to appoint Sa‟ad bin Ubaadah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) as the
Khalifah, also willingly took the Bay‟at on the hands of Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
).This gathering was a coincidence. The Ansaar were the cause of this gathering. Abubakar(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) did not gather them in order to attainthe Khilaafat; rather they were forced to go to Saqeefa Bani Saaidah in order to avert anuprising. If this method was not adopted and these three Sahabah came away from SaqeefaBani Saaidah, one group of the Ansaar would have chosen a Khalifah from amongst them asthey were in a great emotional state and were not prepared to delay the appointment of aKhalifah. If at that time an Ansaar Sahabi was appointed as the Khalifah in the absence of the senior Sahabah there was a great possibility that the Arabs would have rejected him and
 
disunion and bloodshed would have broke out immediately after the demise of Rasoolullah(
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
). This is exactly what a Sahabi indicated towards whileadmonishing the Ansaar Sahabah that:
“You were the first to support and assist Islam so donot be the first ones to finish it i.e. by quarrelling and fighting amongst yourselves.”
 Now one should ponder that upto this point what did Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) andUmar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) do wrong. They did not claim nor did they demand Khilaafat forthemselves, rather after explaining to the Ansaar, Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) proposedUmar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) to beappointed as the Khalifah and Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) proposed Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) to be the Khalifah and all the present Muhaajir and Ansaar Sahabah accepted theproposal of Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
). It is not proven from any authentic text thatAbubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) has conspired to dosomething and gathered the Ansaar at Saqeefa Bani Saaidah and their going there was part of the conspiracy. If anybody claims this then they should bring forth their proofs. This is alsothe reason why Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) had termed this Khilaafat as a coincidence duringhis Khilaafat because they had no idea in their mind nor was it pre-planned. Ali(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and other Muhaajir Sahabah did not take part in this Bay‟at because
they were engaged in the burial arrangements of Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
)and apparently they did not even know what transpired outside of the house. One cannot saythat Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and other Muhaajir Sahabah‟s failure to take the Bay‟at was
because they disagreed with it, rather this is the reason why those Sahabah who were not
 present at the time of the Bay‟at were not taunted.
A general Majlis took place the followingday in the Masjid-un-
 Nabawi for everybody to take the Bay‟at so that nobody could raise any
objection to Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) being the Khalifah and that he did this insecret. It is also incorrect to level accusations against Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) andUmar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) of not calling Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and other Sahabah toSaqeefa Bani Saaidah because when they left the home of Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu AlayhiWasallam
) they did not know what was going to happen, neither did they go there with theintention of obtaining the Khilaafat themselves. Whatever happened at Saqeefa Bani Saaidahwas a coincidence and unexpected.It is proven from few narrations that after the incident of Saqeefa Bani Saaidah, Abubakar(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) returned to Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
)‟s house to in order to assist with the burial arrangements.
On thefollowing day Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) sat on the pulpit in the Masjid-un-Nabawi andUmar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) stood in front of the Sahabah and said a few words and alsoexcused himself for what he had said on hearing of the demise of Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
). He further said that: “Rasoolullah (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
) has
 passed away and you have the Qur‟an with you.”
Umar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) then pointedtowards Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and mentioned his virtues and that he wasRasoolullah (
Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam
)‟s companion in the cave and
that he is more
worthy of Khilaafat than anybody else and everybody should take Bay‟at on his hands.
All
the Sahabah present in the Masjid took Bay‟at on the hands of Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and this was known as the general Bay‟at.
At the time of t
his Bay‟at two very
important and famous Sahabah, i.e. Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Zubair (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) were not present. This was very confusing. Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) enquiredof their whereabouts. A few Sahabah of the Ansaar stood up and called Ali (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) and Zubair (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) to the Masjid. When these two Sahabah(
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) arrived at the Masjid Abubakar (
 Radhiallaahu Anhu
) asked Ali

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