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Table Of Contents

1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.1.1 Structures and Smart Structures
1.4 BASE-ISOLATION SYSTEMS
1.4.1 Introduction
1.4.2 Elastomeric Bearings
1.4.3 Lead-Plug Bearings
1.4.4 High-Damping Rubber Bearings
1.4.5 Friction Pendulum Bearings
1.4.6 Other Types of Base-Isolation Systems
1.5 PASSIVE ENERGY-DISSIPATION SYSTEMS
1.5.1 Tuned Mass Dampers
1.5.2 Tuned Liquid Dampers
1.5.3 Friction Devices
1.5.4 Metallic Yield Devices
1.5.5 Viscoelastic Dampers
1.5.6 Viscous Fluid Dampers
1.6 SEMIACTIVE DAMPER SYSTEMS
1.6.1 Semiactive Tuned Mass Dampers
1.6.2 Semiactive Tuned Liquid Dampers
1.6.3 Semiactive Friction Dampers
1.6.4 Semiactive Vibration Absorbers
1.6.5 Semiactive Stiffness Control Devices
1.6.6 Electrorheological Dampers
1.6.7 Magnetorheological Dampers
1.6.8 Semiactive Viscous Fluid Damper
1.7 ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS
1.7.1 Basic Configuration of Active Control Systems
1.7.2 Active Mass Damper Systems
1.7.3 Active Tendon Systems
1.7.4 Active Brace Systems
1.7.5 Pulse Generation Systems
1.8 HYBRID CONTROL SYSTEMS
1.8.1 Hybrid Mass Dampers
1.8.2 Hybrid Base-Isolation System
1.8.3 Hybrid Damper-Actuator Bracing Control
2.1 BASIC CONCEPTS OF SEISMICALLY ISOLATED BUILDING STRUCTURES
2.1.1 Single-Degree-of-Freedom Motion Equations
2.1.2 Multiple-Degree-of-Freedom Motion Equations
2.2.1 Introduction
2.2.2 Bilinear Model and Model Parameters
2.2.3 Bilinear Model of Lead-Plug Bearing System
2.2.4 Bilinear Model of High Damping Rubber System
2.2.5 Bilinear Model of Friction Pendulum System
2.2.6 Computer Modeling of Isolation System
2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 Seismic Ground Motion
2.3.3 Analysis Procedure Selection
2.3.4 Equivalent Lateral Force Procedure
2.3.5 Dynamic Analysis Procedure
2.4 DESIGN EXAMPLES
2.5 TESTING VERIFICATION AND DETERMINATION OF ISOLATOR PROPERTIES
2.5.1 Testing Requirements of ASCE 7-05
2.5.2 Modifications of Isolator Properties
3.1 BASIC CONCEPTS OF BUILDING STRUCTURES WITH DAMPING SYSTEM
3.1.1 Single-Degree-of-Freedom Motion Equations
3.1.2 Multiple-Degree-of-Freedom Motion Equations
3.2 ANALYSIS PROCEDURES AND CODE REQUIREMENTS
3.2.1 Introduction
3.2.2 Response Spectrum Analysis
3.2.3 Equivalent Lateral Force Analysis
3.2.4 Nonlinear Static Procedure
3.3 DESIGN EXAMPLES
3.4.1 Introduction
3.4.2 Prototype Test Procedures
4.1.4 Feedback Law and Implementation Schemes
4.2.1 Riccati Optimal Active Control Algorithm
4.2.2 Pole Placement Algorithm
4.3.2 Generalized Optimal Active Control Algorithm
4.4 CONCLUDING REMARKS
AND HYBRID SYSTEMS
5.1.2 Modeling of Passive Dampers
5.2.1 System Description
5.2.3 Structures with Control Devices on Some Floors
5.2.5 State-Variable Representation of the HDABC System
5.2.6 Summary
5.3 CONTROL STRATEGY AND SYSTEM STABILITY
5.3.1 Control Algorithms
5.3.2 Intelligent Hybrid Control Systems
5.3.4 Effect of Actuator Dynamics on System Response
5.3.5 Summary
5.4.4 Summary
5.5.1 Test Setup
5.5.2 Parameter Identification of Control Devices
6.1 COMMON SENSORS FOR SMART SEISMIC STRUCTURES
6.1.1 Linear or Rotary Variable Differential Transducer
6.1.2 Velocity Sensors
6.1.3 Accelerometers
6.1.4 Strain Gauges
6.1.5 Force Transducers
6.2 SENSING, DATA ACQUISITION, AND DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
6.2.2 Challenges in Sensing System of Smart Structures
6.3 SEISMIC OBSERVER TECHNIQUE
6.3.2 Conventional Observer Technique
6.3.5 Summary
REFERENCES
7 Optimal Device Placement for Smart Seismic Structures
7.1 INTRODUCTION
7.1.1 Basic Concepts of Engineering Optimization
7.2.1 Measure of Modal Controllability
7.2.2 Performance Index
7.2.3 Controllability Index
7.2.4 Discussions on Performance Indices
7.3.1 System Description
7.3.6 Numerical Studies
7.4 Summary
WITH SOIL–STRUCTURE INTERACTION
8.1.1 System Definition
8.1.2 Single-Story Building
8.1.3 Multiple-Story Building
8.2 STATE EQUATION OF SSI—MODEL AND SOLUTION TECHNIQUE
8.2.1 Formulation of State Equation of SSI-Model
8.2.2 Solution Technique
8.3.1 System Model
8.3.2 Generalized Performance Index
8.3.3 Feedback Gain Matrix and Active Control Force
8.3.4 Weighting Matrix Configuration
8.4 SOIL PROPERTIES AND WAVE EQUATIONS
8.4.1 Dynamic-Equilibrium Equation
8.4.2 Earthquake Propagation Waves
8.5 STIFFNESS COEFFICIENTS OF HORIZONTAL LAYER AND HALF PLANE
8.5.1 Dynamic-Stiffness Coefficients of Horizontal Layer
8.5.2 Dynamic-Stiffness Coefficients of Half Plane
8.6 DYNAMIC-STIFFNESS MATRICES OF GROUND SYSTEM
8.6.1 Definition and Concept
8.6.2 Free-Field System’s Stiffness Matrix
8.6.4 Ground System’s Stiffness and Flexibility Matrix
8.7.2 Solution Procedure of SSI System with Control
8.9 SUMMARY AND CONCLUDING REMARKS
9.1 INTRODUCTION
9.1.1 Interaction Types
9.1.2 Substructure Approach
9.2 STRUCTURAL FORMULATION WITH HDABC
9.2.2 Hybrid Controlled Single-Story Building with SSI
9.2.4 Hybrid Controlled Multiple-Story Building with SSI
WITH AND WITHOUT SSI
9.3.1 Single-Story Structural System without SSI
9.3.2 Single-Story Structural System with SSI
9.3.3 Multiple-Story Building System without SSI
9.3.4 Multiple-Story Structural System with SSI
9.4 NUMERICAL EXAMPLES USING MATLAB®
9.4.1 Fixed Support without Control
9.4.2 SSI without Control
9.4.3 Fixed Support with Passive Control
9.4.4 SSI with Passive Control
9.4.5 Fixed Support with Active Control
9.4.6 Fixed Support with Hybrid Control
9.4.7 SSI with Hybrid Control
9.5 EXTREME VALUE DISTRIBUTION
9.5.1 Extreme Value and Description
9.5.2 Gumbel-Type Distribution
9.7 CASE STUDIES USING GENERATED EARTHQUAKES
9.8 CONCLUDING REMARKS
Appendix A: MATLAB®
Appendix B: Green’s Function
B.1 DISPLACEMENTS IN k-DOMAIN FOR LOADS ON VERTICAL LINE
B.1.1 Fixed Layer (Part I)
B.1.2 Free Layer (Part II)
B.1.3 Global Displacements
B.2 DISPLACEMENTS IN k-DOMAIN FOR LOADS ON HORIZONTAL LINE
B.3 DISPLACEMENT FOR VERTICAL INCIDENT WAVE
B.3.1 Loads on Vertical Line
B.3.2 Loads on Horizontal Line
B.4 GREEN’S INFLUENCE FUNCTIONS IN SPACE DOMAIN
Appendix C: Element Stiffness and Mass Coefficients
Notation
Index
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Smart Structures Innovative Systems for Seismic Response Control (2008)

Smart Structures Innovative Systems for Seismic Response Control (2008)

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Published by: Enrique Simbort Zeballos on Aug 04, 2013
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