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The Saheefa

The Saheefa

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Published by: alpha test on May 26, 2009
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 The
SAHEEFA
IN THE OBLIGATORY PORTION OF FIQH
 
ACCORDING TO THE SCHOOL OFIMAM ABU HANIFA
(radiyallahu anhu).
A summary of the obligatory portion of 
Fiqh
according to the school of Imam Abu Hanifa, in thematters of salat, siyam, zakat, hajj, and others. This text is intended to provide the basic obligatoryknowledge according the Hanafi school of Fiqh. For proofs and validity of extraction from theQur’an and Sunnah, refer to Hanafi Fiqh references such as, Al-Hidaya, Rad-Al-Muhtar, and Al-Hashiya by Imam Ibn Abideen, Imam Sarkhasi compilations, and other Hanafi Scholars, mayAllah have mercy on them all.
Prepared by the needy to Allah’s Mercy
 Muhammad bin Yahya Ninowy
May Allah forgive him, his fathers and the believers.
 
FIQH (JURISPRUDENCE)..........................................................................................................6 
Terminology and Definitions:...............................................................................................................6
Evolution of Fiqh..................................................................................................................................................6Categories of Individual’s Actions (Hukum Taklifi):...........................................................................................6Fard.......................................................................................................................................................................6Wajeb....................................................................................................................................................................7Sunnah..................................................................................................................................................................7Mubah ..................................................................................................................................................................7Makruh Tanzihi ....................................................................................................................................................7Makruh Tahrimi ...................................................................................................................................................7Haram ..................................................................................................................................................................7
CHAPTER ONE (PURITY AND ABLUTION)..........................................................................................................8
1.1 Purification (Taharah).....................................................................................................................81.2 General Conditions of Purification................................................................................................8
CHAPTER TWO(WATER).........................................................................................................................................9
2.1 Suitable Water.................................................................................................................................92.2 Unsuitable Water.............................................................................................................................92.3 Leftovers...........................................................................................................................................92.4 Ghusl ..............................................................................................................................................10
2.4.1 The Obligatory (Fard) Parts of Ghusl........................................................................................................102.4.2 The Necessitators of Ghusl........................................................................................................................102.4.3 The Sunnah Actions of Ghusl ...................................................................................................................102.4.4 The Sunnah Ghusl.....................................................................................................................................10
2.5 Wudu (Ablution)............................................................................................................................10
2.5.1 The Obligatory (Fard) Parts of Wudu........................................................................................................102.5.2 The Sunnah Actions of Wudu....................................................................................................................102.5.3 The Invalidators of Wudu..........................................................................................................................11
2.6 Tayammum (Dry Purification i.e. Without Water).....................................................................11
2.6.1 Excuses Permitting Tayammum................................................................................................................112.6.2 How To Do Tayammum?...........................................................................................................................122.6.3 Invalidators of Tayammum........................................................................................................................12
CHAPTER THREE (Menstruation)..............................................................................................................................13
3.1 Definition........................................................................................................................................133.2 Prohibitions of Hayd and Nifas....................................................................................................133.3 Completion of Purity.....................................................................................................................133.4 Chronic Bleeding (Istihadah) .......................................................................................................133.5 Postpartum Bleeding (Nifas).........................................................................................................14
CHAPTER FOUR(FILTH – NAJAS)........................................................................................................................15
4.1 Means of Cleansing........................................................................................................................154.2 Regulations of Cleansing...............................................................................................................15
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4.3 Categories of Filth .......................................................................................................................15
CHAPTER FIVE (Istinja`)........................................................................................................................................16 CHAPTER SIX  SALAT (PRAYER)........................................................................................................................17 
6.1 Times for Salat...............................................................................................................................176.2 Salatul-Witr...................................................................................................................................176.3 Disliked and Prohibited Times......................................................................................................176.4Adhan..............................................................................................................................................186.5Prerequisites of Salat......................................................................................................................186.6 The Fard (Integrals) of Salat........................................................................................................186.7 The Wajeb (Obligations) of Salat.................................................................................................19* General Rules....................................................................................................................................196.8 Disruptors and Nullifiers of Salat.................................................................................................196.9 Situations which Necessitate or Permit Breaking the Prayer.....................................................206.10 Sujud-Assahu (Prostration of Inattentiveness)..........................................................................206.11 Group Prayer (Salatul-Jama’ah) ...............................................................................................21
Regulations for the Follower..............................................................................................................................21About the Imam of the Salat...............................................................................................................................22Miscellaneous Issues Regarding Salat and Imam..............................................................................................22Arrangement of Rows (Sufoof in Salat).............................................................................................................22
6.12 Other Kinds of Prayers ..............................................................................................................22
Missed Prayers....................................................................................................................................................22Prayer of the Traveler ........................................................................................................................................23Jumu`ah Prayer ..................................................................................................................................................23Prayers of the Two Eids .....................................................................................................................................24Salatul Janazah (Funeral Prayer)........................................................................................................................25The prayer of the Martyr....................................................................................................................................26
CHAPTER SEVEN (SIYAM – FASTING)...................................................................................................................28
7.1 The Obligation...............................................................................................................................287.2 The Intention..................................................................................................................................287.3 Actions of the Fasting Person........................................................................................................28
7.3.1 Actions that Do Not Break the Fast...........................................................................................................287.3.2 Actions that are Disliked but Do Not Break the Fast................................................................................297.3.3 Actions that Break the Fast and Require Makeup.....................................................................................297.3.4 Actions that Break the Fast and Require Makeup and Kaffara (Expiation)..............................................29
7.4 Excuses to Postpone, Break, and Makeup Fasting: ....................................................................29
7.4.1 Those Who May Postpone Fasting............................................................................................................297.4.2 Making Up Missed Fasts...........................................................................................................................307.4.3 Redemption (Fidyah).................................................................................................................................30
CHAPTER EIGHT (HAJJ – PILGRIMAGE).............................................................................................................31
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