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Global Shark Conservation

Global Shark Conservation

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Published by PewEnvironmentGroup
A guide to The Pew Charitable Trusts' global shark conservation work.
A guide to The Pew Charitable Trusts' global shark conservation work.

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Published by: PewEnvironmentGroup on Aug 06, 2013
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10/17/2013

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Global Shark ConServation
SanctuarieS for a Predator in Peril
 
Swift, graceful, mysterious, superbly adaptedto their environment, sharks have been theapex predators of the oceans since longbefore dinosaurs roamed the planet. Forsome 400 million years, they have beenthe unchallenged rulers of the deeps andshallows of the marine world. 
No longer. They are falling victim to a ercer
 predator that is threatening to end theirlong reign and driving them to the edge of extinction. That predator is us—people. Inrecent decades, human appetites, technology,economics, and greed have mounted aferocious assault on sharks, an assault thatis bringing their numbers crashing downthroughout the world’s oceans. Killed for their fins, for their flesh, for theirskin and other body parts; killed for sportand for souvenirs; killed by accident, sharksare now among the most threatened groupsof animals on Earth. Ironically, however,even though people are the principal threatto sharks, they also are their greatest hope.  The fate of sharks has broad implications. There is increasing evidence that the lossof sharks may have a ripple effect on thevitality of food webs in many areas of theglobal ocean. “They are our canary in the coalmine of the oceans,” said Dr. Boris Worm, aprofessor of marine biology at DalhousieUniversity in Nova Scotia. Governments around the world are begin-ning to recognize the value of healthy shark populations. Some rely on the dollars sharkscan bring through dive tourism; some seesharks as culturally significant to legendand tradition. Others are acknowledgingthat just as a healthy savanna needs itstop predators to weed out the weak andinfirm, so vibrant marine systems need
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sharks. Recognizing this opportunity, ThePew Charitable Trusts initiated a campaignto reverse the decline of shark populationsworldwide.  At the core of Pew’s shark conservationefforts is its work to establish sanctuaries inthe waters of key countries and stop theoverfishing of sharks in places wherethey still stand a chance to rebound. Shark sanctuaries provide full protections for sharksin a country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ),the area of ocean that extends up to 200miles from shore.  As the continued expansion of industrialfishing leaves few places in our oceansuntouched, now is the time to protect theselast remaining places where sharks can stillrule their marine world.
THE OPPORTUNITY 
—Jill Heppdirector, Pew global shark conservation
 
!
 
Equator
 PhilippineSeaSouthChinaSea ArabianSeaGulf ofMexicoCaribbean Sea
NORTH ATLANTICOCEANSOUTH ATLANTICOCEANNORTH PACIFICOCEANINDIAN OCEAN SOUTH PACIFICOCEAN
HondurasThe BahamasMaldivesPalauFrench Polynesia AmericanSamoaMarshall IslandsNorthernMariana IslandsGuamTokelauCookIsland
 The Opportunity 1Shark Sanctuaries 2Palau 4Maldives 6Honduras 8The Bahamas 10Marshall Islands 12French Polynesia 14Cook Islands 16
U.S. Pacic Territories 18
 The Future: Global Shark Sanctuaries 20
GLOBAL SHARK CONSERVATION
SANCTUARIES FOR A PREDATOR IN PERILShark sanctuaries (blue dots) are areas with clear regulations that protect sharks from commercial fishing in a country’s exclusiveeconomic zone (EEZ). Since 2009, Pew’s initiatives have been instrumental in securing 11.4 million square kilometers (4.4 million square miles) of 
shark sanctuaries around the world. Pew has also helped establish areas that ban the trade of shark ns (green dots). The New Zealand territory of 
 Tokelau also declared its entire EEZ a shark sanctuary in 2011.
Shark SanctuariesShark Trade Bans
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