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CH 14 Review Qs Part 1KEY.docx

CH 14 Review Qs Part 1KEY.docx

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1Social Studies 11/Ms Scheuer Name:
Ch 14 Review Questions Part 1: Living Standards
Total Marks: 21
Refer to pages 341-365 of your text: CounterpointsOn a separate sheet of paper in blue/black pen or typed answer the following questions in full sentences or  point form
make sure you answer ALL the questions and that they are answered thoroughly.
Defining Poverty (11.5 marks)
What criteria does the United Nations use to measure development? (1)
Adult literacy, life expectancy, per-capita GDP
Use Figure 14-2 on page 342 and respond to Questions #1-3 below the map. (1.5)
Highest: North America, EuropeLowest: Africa and India/Middle EastMiddle: South America and East Asia, Northern Africa/Middle East2.
2. Many purple regions are North, but a few of them are in the south such as Argentina andAustralia. India and much of Africa is actually north of the Equator.3.
Asia has the widest range, due to big populations, varying cultures and religions, varyingeconomic wealth.
What did scientists mean when they referred
to the “developed” and the“underdeveloped/developing” in regards to countries?
- Wealth, infrastructure, modernization
What do we mean by the terms First World, Second World, Third World? Can you think of an
appropriate example (a country) for each “world?”
First World: Developed (eg. Canada)Second World: Developing (eg. Brazil)
Third World: Underdeveloped (eg. Kenya)
What terms do we use today to describe the various worlds of development? (1)
Developed, Newly Industrialized, Developing, Highly Indebted Poor Countries
What are highly (or heavily) indebted poor countries (HIPCs)? (0.5)
They are at the bottom of the Human Development Index
Complete the table below on this sheet: (3)
Poverty in Canada (pages 344-345) Poverty in Developing Countries (pages 344-345)Access to Health CareAccess to government and private social programs togive assistance to those in needNo electricityNo sanitation or clean waterIlliterateDenied the right to vote
How does the World Bank Measure poverty? (0.5)
Living on less than $1US per day.
How do we measure poverty in Canada? (0.5)
56% or more of your income is spent on the necessities of life (food, shelter, clothing)
How do Americans define poverty? (0.5)
The cost of a minimum adequate diet, multiplied by three. If you make less than that, you areconsidered impoverished.Are poor nations made to stay poor by rich nations? (4.5 marks)
If the world has enough food on any given day to provide for each of its 7 billion members, why are800+ million people starving around the world? Explain your thoughts. (1)
LACK OF ACCESS TO THIS FOOD! (because of location, money)
Since WWII, several developing countries have had their resources squeezed out by loans made bywestern banks and the World Bank + the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Read page 347 andcomplete the section below on this sheet of paper. (2.5)
Phase 1:
Post war loans and assistance lead to
. The consequences of some of theseprojects lead to
environmental damage

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